Navigation Links
Coverage of inexpensive drugs may increase length and quality of life after heart attack
Date:11/30/2009

Toronto, Ont., November 30, 2009 ― Providing free medications to people after heart attack could add years to patients' lives at a relatively low cost for provincial governments, according to a new study by researchers at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto.

"Many patients are not benefiting from effective prescribed medications because they simply don't fill their prescriptions," says Dr. Irfan Dhalla, the study's lead author and a physician at St. Michael's Hospital. "There is growing evidence that having to pay for medications out of pocket is a major reason."

Public coverage of pharmaceuticals in Canada is neither universal nor uniform because the Canada Health Act covers only physician and hospital services. According to data published in 2005, 11 per cent of Canadians had only catastrophic public coverage, and 4 per cent had no coverage at all.

The goal of the study was to demonstrate to policymakers what would happen if governments fully covered the costs of five heart attack medicationsa beta blocker, low-dose aspirin, an ACE inhibitor, a statin, and a relatively new drug called clopidogrelwhich are routinely prescribed for patients who have survived a heart attack.

The use of these effective and relatively inexpensive drugs has led to a dramatic decline in deaths from cardiovascular disease in recent years. Between 1980 and 2000, mortality from cardiovascular disease in Canada decreased by approximately 50%.

The researchers compared the benefits and the costs of two options:

  • The "status quo" option reflects the current situation across Canada where people who don't have private drug insurance or who aren't eligible for government-funded drug programs are expected to pay the full cost of their prescriptions after a heart attack.

  • The "full coverage" option would see governments pay the full cost of five recommended medications.

Implementing the full-coverage strategy for the five medications would result in average survival of 7.02 quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) after heart attack at an average cost of $20,423 per patient, the study found.

The status quo strategy resulted in an average survival of 6.13 QALYs at an average cost of $17,173 per patient.

(In health care research, the term "QALY" is used to describe survival time based not just on quantity of years but also on quality of life. A year in perfect health is considered equal to 1.0 QALY. The value of a year in ill health would be lowerfor example, a year spent in hospital might have a value equal to 0.5 QALY.)

"Full coverage would save lives at very low cost and would be cost-effective compared to the status quo," says Dr. Dhalla. "Our model suggests that providing free medications to people after heart attack would result in one more year of life for each additional $3,663 spent by government. We used very conservative assumptions, and it is quite possible that a full coverage strategy would even be cost-saving for governments over the long-term."

The researchers say any added cost would be significantly below current thresholds used to decide whether new drugs and medical devices should be eligible for public funding.

Although the study looked at heart attack because that is where the evidence is strongest, there are many diseases where cheap, effective medications are available.

"Policy makers may wish to consider providing medications free of charge to all patients with chronic illnesses where specific drug treatments are known to be both highly cost-effective and associated with poor adherencefor example, preventing kidney and cardiovascular disease in patients with diabetes," Dr. Dhalla says. "Providing medications free of charge where they are likely to have the most value is one way policy makers can allocate limited public resources more efficiently."


'/>"/>

Contact: Julie Saccone
sacconej@smh.toronto.on.ca
416-864-5047
St. Michael's Hospital
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. HealthPlus Offers New Insurance Plans for Consumers Seeking Health Coverage on Their Own
2. Guardian to Continue Following Its Current Coverage Guidelines for Mammography Screenings
3. No Immediate Changes Expected in Mammogram Coverage
4. Highlighting racial disparities increases coverage and effectiveness of health news
5. Congressional Health Reform Bill Falls Short on Comprehensive and Affordable Coverage for Low-Income Children
6. Portico Healthnet Awarded $988K to Launch MN Coalition for Kids Health Coverage
7. Healthcare Reform, Coverage Changes Highlight Key Questions for Medicare Annual Enrollment Season, Allsup Says
8. Guardian Provides 100% Coverage For Swine Flu Vaccine
9. Major health care challenges persist for D.C. children despite high rates of health insurance coverage, RAND study finds
10. People with Disabilities Face Unique Healthcare Coverage Challenges, Allsup Says
11. Pan-American Life Insurance Group Plans to Complete Coverage in Central America With Entry Into Costa Rica; Company Files Request for Authorization
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/25/2017)... ... July 25, 2017 , ... Dr. Donna Bergman, professor of ... and published an article in the medical science journal Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ... article and the research that helped produce it, were written and conducted in ...
(Date:7/25/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 25, 2017 , ... ... Winner for its Product Innovation in the prestigious CEO World Awards®. The coveted ... performance, new products and services, CEO case studies, corporate social responsibility, and milestones ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... , ... July 24, 2017 , ... Cheerag D. ... Saint Luke’s Marion Bloch Neuroscience Institute (SLMBNI), part of Saint Luke’s Health ... 2016. , Cheerag D. Upadhyaya, MD. M.Sc., FAANS joins Stanley P. Fisher, ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... Horizon Goodwill Industries, ... opportunity that helps high school girls succeed in STEM programs as well as ... Goodwill will host over 20 high school girls at their corporate headquarters on ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... , ... July 24, 2017 , ... Every year, thousands ... and educational conference, InstructureCon. Each annual event is coupled with a dynamic theme like ... a James Bond theme, Mission: InstructureCon 0017. , To extend their partnership with ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/6/2017)... , July 6, 2017 ThriveRx, the nutrition division of ... their families to thrive on nutrition support. To celebrate its ... new site has a fresh new look with improved organization to create ... ... ...
(Date:7/5/2017)... -- Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ORMP ... pharmaceutical company focused on the development of oral drug delivery ... Israel Securities Authority to dual-list its common stock on the ... trading on the TASE on July 12, 2017 under the ... Company, it is expected that Oramed will be included in ...
(Date:7/5/2017)... 2017   BioLife Solutions , Inc. (NASDAQ: ... of proprietary clinical grade cell and tissue hypothermic ... today announced that it has reached an agreement with ... shareholder, to modify its existing credit facility effective June ... WAVI agreed to exchange its existing $4.25 million credit ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: