Navigation Links
Could a tumor suppressor also fight obesity?
Date:8/25/2011

PHILADELPHIAThe hormone receptor guanylyl cyclase C (GCC) has been established as a suppressor of colorectal cancer tumors, but new evidence from Thomas Jefferson University suggests it may also help fight one of the country's biggest pandemics: obesity.

Reporting in the August 25 online issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Scott Waldman, M.D., Ph.D., chairman of the Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics at Jefferson, and colleagues found that silencing GCC affected appetite in mice, disrupting satiation and inducing obesity. Conversely, mice who expressed the hormone receptor knew when to call it quits at mealtime.

Revealing a never-before-shown endocrine axis between the intestine and hypothalamus, the research could provide novel therapeutic targets to control appetite, obesity and the metabolic syndrome, a promising notion, given that one-third of the U.S. population is considered obese.

Until now, the role of GCC outside the gut has remained elusive. Dr. Waldman and his team have previously shown its role as a tumor suppressor and biomarker that reveals occult metastases in lymph nodes. But its role in appetite is new and surprising territory.

"We were working with GCC-deficient mice to look at its role in tumorigenesis in the intestine," said Dr. Waldman. "Then the mice grew up, and we noticed something: They got fatter.

"We couldn't understand why it was happening, because GCC is expressed predominantly in intestine, and there was no indication that it regulated any function that had to do with metabolism and nutrient uptake."

To investigate this, Dr. Waldman, who also leads the Gastrointestinal Malignancies Program at the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson, and his colleagues raised both GCC mice and GCC deficient mice, tracking their weight, satiation responses, hepatic and serum triglyceride measurements, hormone receptor expression, and physical activity.

When food was digested by the mice, they found, the gut released hormones into the blood stream, not just within the intestines, and up into the brain, where the hormone receptors were triggered. Mice with GCC knew when to stop, but hormone receptor-deficient mice never got the message that their stomachs were full. They simply kept eating and became obese.

"They got to be diabetic and developed the metabolic syndrome, fatty livers, etc." Dr. Waldman said. "We ruled out usual suspects: gastroenterology function was normal. They weren't more sedentary than wild type mice. And they did not have abnormal metabolism. We realized they just have a different appetite."

The research offers up a new neural-gut axis that explains appetite more, but it still begs some questions: Do obese people possess little to no GCC? And if so, does that mean obese people have a genetic disposition to gain weight?

It's possible, said Dr. Waldman, but it's still unclear. There is the possibility that obese people do not have the receptor or they do not release enough hormones to trigger the receptor. More studies are needed to better explain this, he added.

"Obesity could be biological, and not behavioral," said Dr. Waldman. "But there is no evidence here that confirms that; however, knowing this new information opens that possibility."


'/>"/>

Contact: Steve Graff
stephen.graff@jefferson.edu
215-955-6300
Thomas Jefferson University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Premature Death Could Await Obese Kids
2. Six Other E. colis Could Be Lurking In Your Valentine Days Dinner
3. Tiny fruit fly could offer big clues in fight against obesity, researcher says
4. New Book Reveals How Qigong Could Be The Eastern Answer To Botox
5. Chocolate lovers could be lowering their risk of stroke: Study
6. Charging less for more effective treatments could reduce health care costs while improving health
7. Clinical trial underway: Miniature ultrasound device could revolutionize pain relief
8. UAB-led study shows simple steps could reduce stillbirths by up to 1 million
9. Most maternal deaths in sub-Saharan Africa could be avoided
10. Dolphins could be ideal model to study human cervical cancer, UF veterinarians say
11. New Technology Could Widen Reach of Vaccines
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/26/2017)... Aviv, Israel (PRWEB) , ... April 26, 2017 , ... ... today announced a new partnership with Med-e-Mass , the largest Electronic Medical Records ... enable Med-e-Mass to link care plan incentives to a patient’s remote health progress, empowering ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... Infertility may be a result ... has helped many women become pregnant upon treating their diagnosis. , ... outpatient evaluations. We can provide the necessary information to diagnose and treat ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... ... April 26, 2017 , ... Want to ... website ( CRISPRCas.pioneer.com ) that demonstrates how this advanced plant breeding technology is ... better food, with fewer resources. It highlights the business’ principles, research and collaboration ...
(Date:4/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 26, 2017 , ... ... human performance, is proud to announce that it has received 510(k) clearance from ... the MyoCycle Home and the MyoCycle Pro. , Both devices are stationary cycling ...
(Date:4/25/2017)... ... April 25, 2017 , ... ProRehab Physical ... be the preferred physical therapy provider for Derby City CrossFit, effective immediately. , ... CrossFit as quickly and effectively as possible, ProRehab’s sports physical therapists will work ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... 20, 2017 Research and Markets has ... Manufacturing Services Market Analysis By Service (Manufacturing, Research), By Country, ... - 2025" report to their offering. ... The Latin American pharmaceutical contract manufacturing ... 2025 Low drug registration cost in Latin American ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... 2017 Global Surgical Drainage Device Market: Overview ... to remove excess liquid and air. The fluid to ... or lymph. Surgical drains are used in a wide ... surgery, cardiovascular surgery, neurosurgery, plastic surgery etc. Common use ... accumulation of fluid e.g. blood or pus. Surgical drains ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... , April 19, 2017 ... an immune response in pets such as canine, ... are of various types such as Attenuated Live ... Vaccines, DNA Vaccines and Recombinant Vaccines. Attenuated live ... virus or bacteria, which have been weakend under ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: