From a health-care system perspective, it may be more efficient to use the drug cetuximab only in colorectal cancer patients whose tumors have a wild-type KRAS gene, according to a study published online August 7 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Earlier, patients whose tumors harbored wild-type KRAS were found to have a higher survival advantage when treated with cetuximab in a randomized trial by the National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group.
In this study, Nicole Mittmann, of the HOPE Research Centre Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, in Toronto, and colleagues used prospectively collected resource utilization and health utility data from that trial to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis to determine the costs per life-year gained and costs per quality-adjusted life-year gained.
Mean survival times for the study arms were calculated over an 18- to 19-month period for all patients in the study and for patients whose tumors had wild-type KRAS.
For all patients, cetuximab showed very high (i.e., unfavorable) incremental cost-effectiveness ratiosmeaning it was very costly in relation to benefitscompared with best supportive care. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were, however, more favorable for patients whose tumors harbored wild-type KRAS.
"Consequentlyit would not be efficient to fund cetuximab treatment for all patients with advanced colorectal cancer," the authors write. "Use of cetuximab may be restricted based on a patient's tumor KRAS status."
In an accompanying editorial, Robin Yabroff, Ph.D., of the Division of Cancer Control and Population Science, National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Md., and Deborah Schrag, M.D., of the Dana Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, note that these findings help raise important questions about how cost-effectiveness analyses inform coverage decisions.
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|Contact: Steve Graff|
Journal of the National Cancer Institute