Navigation Links
Controlling brain circuits with light
Date:5/3/2011

Commenting on Edward Boyden's article, Ben Barres, Head of the Neuronal & Glial Cell Biology Section of Faculty of 1000 and Professor at Stanford University School of Medicine said: "There will probably be a Nobel prize for optogenetics someday as it has revolutionized our attempts to understand how the brain works. This article provides a fascinating insight into the birth of optogenetics and the roles of the major players."

The invention of optogenetics literally sheds light on how our brains work. Published in the May 2011 issue of F1000 Biology Reports, Edward Boyden's revealing article gives a unique perspective on the birth of optogenetics tools, new resources for analyzing and engineering brain circuits. These 'tools' take the form of genetically encoded molecules that, when targeted to specific neurons in the brain, enable their activity to be driven or silenced by light, thus revealing how entire neural circuits operate.

By driving or quieting the activity of defined neurons embedded with an intact neural network, Boyden and his colleagues are able to determine what behaviors, neural computations, or pathologies those neurons were sufficient to cause or what brain functions, or pathologies, these neurons are necessary for.

These tools are also being explored as components of neural control prosthetics capable of correcting neural circuit computations that have gone awry in brain disorders. Part of a systematic approach to neuroscience that is empowering new therapeutic strategies for neurological and psychiatric disorders, optogenetic tools are widely accepted as one of the technical advances of the decade, and could one day be used to treat neurological disorders such as Parkinsons.

Using primary sources and his own experiences at Stanford, Boyden reconstructs a compelling case study of the development of optogenetic tools, providing an insight into the hard work and serendipity involved.


'/>"/>

Contact: Eleanor Howell
press@f1000.com
44-207-631-9129
Faculty of 1000: Biology and Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Health Secretary Encourages Pennsylvanians to Learn the ABCs of Controlling Diabetes
2. Controlling symptoms can lead to improved quality of life for end-of-life patients
3. Controlling the rising costs of cardiovascular care
4. New clue to controlling skin regeneration -- as well as skin cancer
5. UC Davis pain research may pave the way to understanding and controlling chronic pain
6. Avoiding or controlling diabetes may reduce cancer risk and mortality
7. For Young Women, Controlling Partner Often Abusive, Too
8. Studies Highlight Challenge of Controlling Resistant Bacteria in Hospitals
9. Melatonin might help in controlling weight gain and preventing heart diseases associated with obesity
10. Gadgets not related to teenagers brain pain
11. Dementia Rates Escalate as Brain Capacity Diminishes with Age
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... Benefits delivery trailblazer, ... app and centralized benefits dashboard solving one of the top frustrations in employee ... For the first time, employees can access up-to-date information and account balances for ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Hakim Unique Group (HUG) just closed ... Healthcom Group (CHG). , The HUG investment is a landmark move, expanding ... CHG is a growing, internationally recognized healthcare management, technology, and services organization. It ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Scottsdale, AZ (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... helping people around the world to manage stress and anxiety. , “Buzzies change ... Serin, neuropsychologist, inventor and co-founder of Buzzies. , Since its launch date in December ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... of a new solution that enables organizations to easily reprint customer invoices, bills, ... Reprint Server’ automates all of the steps needed to retrieve and print the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Altec Products, Inc. , a ... their 2016 Microsoft Dynamics Partner of the Year at DocLink Evolution , ... recognizes The Resource Group for their outstanding relationship with Altec and their ability ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... MUMBAI , March 23, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... Teil von Piramal Enterprises Limited, gibt die ... Leiter bekannt. PPS bietet seinen globalen Pharmazeutikkunden ... Needleman wird eine wichtige Rolle für das ... spielen. Als kaufmännischer Leiter wird Herr Needleman ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017 /PRNewswire/ - Medicure Inc. ("Medicure" or ... pharmaceutical company, is pleased to announce that its ... from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ... for tetrabenazine tablets in the 12.5 mg and ... a generic equivalent of the branded product Xenazine ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 2017 The global dermatology devices ... billion by 2025, according to a new report by Grand ... a faster rate due to rising concern amongst people regarding ... of esthetic procedures used for treating hair - and skin-related ... considered as the highest revenue generators for the market. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: