Consensus Recommendations for Common Data Elements for Operational Stress Research and Surveillance: Report of a Federal Interagency Working Group
William P. Nash, MD, Jennifer Vasterling, PhD, Linda Ewing-Cobbs, PhD, Sarah Horn, BBA, Thomas Gaskin, PhD, John Golden, PhD, William T. Riley, PhD, Stephen V. Bowles, PhD, James Favret, PhD, Patricia Lester, MD, Robert Koffman, MD, Laura C. Farnsworth, BS, Dewleen G. Baker, MD
Empirical studies and surveillance projects increasingly assess and address potentially adverse psychological health outcomes from the stress of military operations, but no standards yet exist for common concept definitions, variable categories, and measures. This article reports the consensus recommendations of the federal interagency Operational Stress Working Group for common data elements to be used in future operational stress research and surveillance with the goal of improving comparability across studies. Operational stress encompasses more than just combat; it occurs everywhere service members and their families live and work. Posttraumatic stress is not the only adverse mental or behavioral health outcome of importance. The Operational Stress Working Group contends that a primary goal of operational stress research and surveillance is to promote prevention of adverse mental and behavioral outcomes, especially by recognizing the preclinical and subclinical states of distress and dysfunction that portend a risk for failure of role performance or future mental disorders.
Common Data Elements for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Research
Danny G. Kaloupek, PhD, Kathleen M. Chard, PhD, Michael C. Freed, PhD, Alan L. Peterson, PhD, David S. Riggs, PhD, Murray B. Stein, MD, MPH, Farris Tuma, ScD, MHS
An expert work group with 7 m
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Elsevier Health Sciences