Navigation Links
Confusion Over Diabetes Types Adds to Patients' Woes
Date:8/29/2012

By Serena Gordon
HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Given that about one in 12 Americans has diabetes, chances are good you know someone with some form of the disease. But you may be less informed about the different types of diabetes and their causes and treatments.

Because type 2 diabetes -- by far the most common form -- is linked to being overweight, many people mistakenly assume all diabetics have brought the condition on themselves or can cure it by changing their diet.

"I really take offense when people tell me that if I just stopped eating everything white -- like sugar, bread and potatoes -- I'd be off the 'demon' insulin in a month. That's not how it works," said Kelly Kunik, a diabetes blogger from the Philadelphia area who has had type 1 diabetes for nearly 35 years.

Type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, affects only 5 percent to 10 percent of people with diabetes.

The one similarity that types 1 and 2 diabetes share is the inability to properly process sugar (glucose) in the blood. Blood sugar comes from carbohydrates in food. Grains, fruits and vegetables all have carbohydrates, as do sweet foods such as cakes and cookies. But sweets and refined grains, such as white bread, tend to raise the blood sugar more than whole grains and most vegetables.

The reason the body doesn't process carbohydrates properly differs depending on the type of diabetes. In type 1, the body has a complete or nearly complete lack of insulin, the hormone needed to help glucose get into cells in the body and brain to provide energy.

"Type 1 is thought to be caused by an autoimmune attack on the cells that produce insulin, leaving people with type 1 diabetes with little or no insulin," said Dr. Sue Kirkman, senior vice president of medical affairs and community information for the American Diabetes Association.

"But what triggers that attack to occur in the first place is still unknown," she said. "Genetics and an environmental trigger, such as a virus, may play a role, but being overweight and exercising too little are not related to the development of type 1 diabetes."

Type 1 diabetes can only be treated with insulin therapy. Insulin must be injected through shots or a pump that delivers it through a tiny tube placed under the skin. The insulin pump's user controls the pump and must change the tube every few days.

There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes. Changing your diet won't help prevent it or eliminate the need for insulin. People with type 1 generally can eat any food they want, because they give themselves a dose of insulin based on the carbohydrates in the meal they're eating.

Experts do recommend that people with type 1 diabetes consume the same sorts of healthy foods they recommend to everyone to prevent heart disease, cancer and other life-threatening conditions.

It surprises some people to see people with type 1 guzzling soda or eating candy. Although these high-sugar foods aren't strictly off limits for people with type 1, they often are reserved to treat low blood-sugar levels -- a not uncommon side effect of insulin therapy. It's dangerous when blood sugar drops too much, and people with type 1 diabetes need to consume foods or drinks that will rapidly raise their blood-sugar levels.

With type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, the body makes insulin but doesn't use it effectively, Kirkman said. Although type 2 is associated with obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, there are other factors at play.

"Not everyone who is overweight will develop type 2 diabetes, and not everyone who has type 2 diabetes is overweight," Kirkman said. "Type 2 diabetes has a strong genetic component. If others in your immediate family have type 2 diabetes, your risk of developing the disease is higher."

Between 90 percent and 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2, according to the National Diabetes Education Program. This type used to be called adult-onset diabetes, but in the wake of the U.S. obesity epidemic, children are increasingly developing type 2.

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one in three Americans will have type 2 diabetes by the year 2050 if current trends continue.

It is sometimes possible to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes with exercise and diet, which help the body use insulin more effectively.

"People who begin an exercise program of 30 minutes a day and who lose 7 percent of their body weight decrease their risk of type 2 diabetes by more than 50 percent," said Elaine Sullivan, associate director of clinical education programs at the Joslin Diabetes Center in Boston.

Most people with type 2 diabetes try to consume a consistent amount of carbohydrates with each meal to help keep their blood-sugar levels stable. The amount of carbohydrates is individualized based on your weight and activity level.

Oral medications are available to help control blood-sugar levels, and many people with type 2 diabetes eventually need insulin therapy.

Both forms of diabetes have potentially life-threatening consequences. Uncontrolled, diabetes can damage major organs and cause heart disease, stroke and even lead to amputation of a limb.

More information

Learn more about type 1 and type 2 diabetes from the U.S. National Diabetes Education Program.

SOURCES: Sue Kirkman, M.D., senior vice president, Medical Affairs and Community Information, American Diabetes Association; Elaine Sullivan, M.S., R.N., C.D.E., associate director, clinical education programs, Joslin Diabetes Center, Boston; Kelly Kunik, diabetes blogger with type 1 diabetes


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Using Earplugs Eases ICU Patients Confusion: Study
2. San Francisco Bath Salt Company Clears Air About Bath Salt Confusion – Zombies Beware!
3. How a cancer drug leads to diabetes
4. Heart failure patients with diabetes may benefit from higher glucose levels
5. Disrupted Sleep May Raise Risk for Obesity, Diabetes: Study
6. Mouse Study Hints at New Path for Diabetes Treatment
7. Common Plastics Chemical Might Boost Diabetes Risk
8. Weight-Loss Surgery Beat Drugs for Cutting Diabetes in Very Obese
9. Naturopathic care can improve blood sugar, mood in diabetes
10. Cellular pathway linked to diabetes, heart disease
11. Diabetes Groups Issue New Guidelines on Blood Sugar
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Confusion Over Diabetes Types Adds to Patients' Woes
(Date:12/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... proudly announces the launch of its 60-day free trial program for all of ... shipping make the offer a truly hassle free experience. , FlexiSpot’s unique desktop ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... With the number of pain management programs available for ... find the one that works for them. When an inventor from Suisun City, Calif., ... and decided to share it with others. , He developed a prototype for PRO ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Mediaplanet is proud to ... which covers the innovative treatments, therapeutic technologies, and revolutionized nutrition that are helping ... prolonging life 6 years in the last 3 decades,” says Dr. Valentine Fuster, ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... , ... Sourced from the Isbre Springs beneath the 5,000 year old Hardanger ... of just 6 ppm TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) in addition to its excellent taste ... several ShopRite and FoodTown stores in NJ and received rave comments from consumers. , ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Francisco, CA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 ... ... digitally-enabled care journeys, announced today that it has raised $6.0 million in an ... inspired by Clarify Health’s conviction that patients and their caregivers can receive far ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2016)... Nov 30, 2016 Research and Markets has ... Monitoring Devices 2017 - MedCore" report to their offering. ... , , ... the skull. In healthy individuals, it is circulated though the brain and ... where the amount of CSF surrounding the brain changes significantly. ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... their offering. ... Detachable coil embolization is a minimally invasive method ... embolization treatment of cerebral aneurysms is less invasive and requires less recovery ... wall of an artery in the brain. This area bulges in the ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... Calif. , Nov. 30, 2016 Varian ... it was named America,s Most JUST Company in the ... and Forbes magazine,s inaugural "JUST 100 List." ... of the largest surveys ever conducted on attitudes towards ... months. This inaugural list ranks U.S companies against their ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: