Navigation Links
Common cooking spice shows promise in combating diabetes and obesity
Date:6/20/2008

SAN FRANCISCO (June 20, 2008) Turmeric, an Asian spice found in many curries, has a long history of use in reducing inflammation, healing wounds and relieving pain, but can it prevent diabetes? Since inflammation plays a big role in many diseases and is believed to be involved in onset of both obesity and Type 2 diabetes, Drew Tortoriello, M.D., an endocrinologist and research scientist at the Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center at Columbia University Medical Center, and his colleagues were curious what effect the herb might have on diabetic mice.

Dr. Tortoriello, working with pediatric resident Stuart Weisberg, M.D., Ph.D., and Rudolph Leibel, M.D., fellow endocrinologist and the co-director of the Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center, discovered that turmeric-treated mice were less susceptible to developing Type 2 diabetes, based on their blood glucose levels, and glucose and insulin tolerance tests. They also discovered that turmeric-fed obese mice showed significantly reduced inflammation in fat tissue and liver compared to controls. They speculate that curcumin, the anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant ingredient in turmeric, lessens insulin resistance and prevents Type 2 diabetes in these mouse models by dampening the inflammatory response provoked by obesity.

Their findings are the subject of a soon-to-be published paper in Endocrinology and were presented at ENDO 2008, the Endocrine Society's annual meeting in San Francisco this week.

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) has no known dose-limiting toxicities in doses of up to at least 12 grams daily in humans. The researchers tested high-doses of a dietary curcumin in two distinct mouse models of obesity and Type 2 diabetes: high-fat-diet-fed male mice and leptin-deficient obese female mice, with lean wild-type mice that were fed low-fat diets used as controls.

The inflammation associated with obesity was shown several years ago by researchers in the Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center to be due in part to the presence of immune cells called macrophages in fat tissues throughout the body. These cells produce "cytokine" molecules that can cause inflammation in organs such as the heart, and islets of the pancreas, while also increasing insulin resistance in muscle and liver. Researchers hypothesized that by suppressing the number and activity of these cells, with turmeric or a drug with similar actions, it may be possible to reduce some of the adverse consequences of obesity.

Curcumin administration was also associated with a small but significant decline in body weight and fat content, despite level or higher calorie consumption, suggesting that curcumin beneficially influences body composition.

"It's too early to tell whether increasing dietary curcumin [through turmeric] intake in obese people with diabetes will show a similar benefit," Dr. Tortoriello said. "Although the daily intake of curcumin one might have to consume as a primary diabetes treatment is likely impractical, it is entirely possible that lower dosages of curcumin could nicely complement our traditional therapies as a natural and safe treatment."

For now, the conclusion that Dr. Tortoriello and his colleagues have reached is that turmeric and its active anti-oxidant ingredient, curcumin reverses many of the inflammatory and metabolic problems associated with obesity and improves blood-sugar control in mouse models of Type 2 diabetes.

In addition to exploring novel methods of curcumin administration to increase its absorption, they are also interested in identifying novel anti-inflammatory processes invoked by curcumin and in adapting those processes in the development of more potent curcumin analogues.


'/>"/>

Contact: Alex Lyda
mal2133@columbia.edu
212-305-0820
Columbia University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. UK junior doctors gaining less experience of common procedures
2. New insights into common knee injuries
3. High and mighty: first common height gene identified by researchers behind obesity gene finding
4. Figure Skater Peggy Fleming, HealthSaver Says: Take Pains For Back Strains, 2nd Most Common Doctor Complaint
5. Exelixis Commences Public Offering of Common Stock
6. Common misdiagnosis: most women believe they have a yeast infection when they dont
7. Business Executives Discuss National Health Care Reform at Conference Sponsored by The Century Foundation, with Support from The Commonwealth Fund, and AARP
8. New Expert Report Dispels Common Myths About Aspartame
9. Common Foot Myths Trip Us Up
10. AHPC Holdings, Inc. Announces Intent to Deregister Common Stock With Securities and Exchange
11. Allergy-Induced Asthma More Common in Affluent Countries
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/19/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... ... Act of 2017, legislation that provides for greater public access to over-the-counter (OTC) ... loss to access OTC hearing aids without being seen by a certified and ...
(Date:8/19/2017)... ... August 19, 2017 , ... Praeclarus Press has launched ... illustrations show the diversity of the breastfeeding mothers, using bright colors and ... sizes. These illustrations are also available on tote bags, notepads, smartphone cases, clocks, ...
(Date:8/19/2017)... ... August 19, 2017 , ... Physician Partners of ... location as an interventional pain management physician. He brings a wealth of pain ... migraine headaches, and significant experience in spinal cord stimulation for chronic pain. , ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... More than 20,000 pairs of ... Congo (DRC) thanks to an ambitious venture that conjoined the passions of an NBA ... support of the Liberty community. These shoes will save lives from the rampant infections ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... Mediaplanet today ... for active, healthy lifestyles and highlighting the importance of proactive eye and ear ... and shares the latest innovations in hearing aid technology. , In this ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/17/2017)... 2017 DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: DRIO), a ... and big data solutions, announced today that it ... non-U.S. investors for the sale of shares of ... Company,s newly designated Series B Convertible Preferred Stock ... to conduct a closing with respect to the ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... 15, 2017 AccuGenomics, Inc., a diagnostic company ... announced that the company has provided an AccuKit to ... Carolina at Chapel Hill and to Qura Therapeutics for ... and quantify HIV reservoir and viral expression in human ... HIV Cure Center is a joint initiative between the ...
(Date:8/8/2017)... Israel, Aug. 8, 2017  BioLineRx Ltd. (NASDAQ/TASE: BLRX), ... today reports its financial results for the second quarter ... during the second quarter 2017 and to date: ... clinical development programs for the Company,s lead project, BL-8040: ... pivotal study with BL-8040 as novel stem cell mobilization ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: