Navigation Links
Combat Exposure Tied to Chronic High Blood Pressure
Date:9/14/2009

Battlefield experience linked to hypertension years later, study finds

MONDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan who go into combat are more likely to develop high blood pressure over the long term than those who serve in supporting roles, a new military study finds.

"Deployment with multiple combat exposures appeared to be a unique risk factor for newly reported hypertension," Nisara S. Granado, an epidemiologist at the Naval Health Research Center in San Diego and lead author of a report in the Sept. 14 online issue of Hypertension, said in a statement.

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, thus joins the list of problems resulting from constant exposure to the life-threatening experience of combat. They include post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, substance abuse and attention deficits.

Nisara and her colleagues drew on the records of 36,061 service members, including 8,829 deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan between 2001 and 2003. After a three-year follow-up, the researchers found that those who reported multiple combat exposures were 33 percent more likely to report they had high blood pressure than those spared combat.

Troops sent to combat areas but not exposed to combat were 23 percent less likely to report high blood pressure than those who saw action, the researchers said.

The finding comes as no surprise, said Dr. Kirk Garratt, director of interventional cardiovascular research at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.

"We know that the shock response to combat involves the release of catecholamines," Garratt said. Catecholamines are the "fight-or-flight" hormones, such as adrenaline.

"People in combat have stress syndromes afterward, and those stress syndromes involve high releases of adrenaline," Garratt said. "There are changes in the vascular tree that affect blood pressure. This finding makes perfect sense."

One very significant finding was that "for the deployers reporting combat exposure, only a certain type of combat exposure -- personally witnessing or being exposed to a person's death because of war or disaster -- was statistically significantly associated with newly reported hypertension," said Simon A. Rego, an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York City.

"Thus, it appears that deployment and even combat exposure in general do not increase the risk of hypertension," Rego said. "Rather, it is being deployed and then experiencing or witnessing multiple stressful combat exposures involving a person's death."

Among the factors associated with high blood pressure were obesity, which tripled the risk; ethnicity, with blacks 84 percent more likely to report high blood pressure than whites, and general health. Those reporting poorer general health were 68 percent more likely to say they had high blood pressure.

"The finding will likely increase in significance in terms of the potential health consequences related to the operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, in particular as the wars continue on and soldiers face multiple deployments and an increased risk of stressful combat exposures," Rego said.

More information

Common risk factors for high blood pressure are listed by the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.



SOURCES: Kirk Garratt, M.D., director, interventional cardiovascular research, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City; Simon A. Rego, PsyD, ACT, assistant professor, psychiatry and behavioral sciences, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York City; Sept. 14, 2009, Hypertension


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Video: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Joins Ad Council and Warner Bros. Pictures to Combat Childhood Overweight and Obesity
2. ING Awards $100,000 in Grants to Combat Childhood Obesity
3. Video: Project Runway Designer Launches New Online Video Series to Educate About Living with HIV and AIDS and Help Combat HIV Stigma
4. Secretary Shinseki Announces Expansion of Counseling for Combat Veterans
5. Kaiser Permanente Honored for Efforts to Combat Obesity With 2009 Pioneering Innovation Award at Weight of the Nation Conference
6. Highmark Provides Pediatricians With Resources to Combat Childhood Obesity
7. Combating heart disease and stroke: Planning for a healthier Europe
8. Wounded Warrior Project (WWP) Seeks to Provide Mind, Body and Spirit Healing for Combat Stress
9. Breakthrough in combating the side effects of quinine
10. DOD, VA should take stronger steps to combat tobacco use in military, veteran populations
11. National Autism Associations Family First Program Now Providing Free Tools to Help Combat Autism Divorce Rates
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Combat Exposure Tied to Chronic High Blood Pressure
(Date:6/27/2016)... Brooklyn, NY (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2016 ... ... is using cutting edge technology to revolutionize the emergency ambulance transport experience for ... Many are aware of how Uber has disrupted the taxi industry through the ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... On June 10-11, 2016, A Forever Recovery, a holistic ... World’s Longest Breakfast Table in Battle Creek, MI, where the rehabilitation facility is located. ... some of the world’s leading providers of cereal and other breakfast foods. Its residents ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... ... blind and certified personal trainer is helping to develop a weight loss fitness plan that ... the two major problems leading the fitness industry today:, , All ... They don’t eliminate all the reasons people quit their exercise program , ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery ... of Mohs Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. , ... for skin cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... TX (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... the United States, named Dr. Sesan Ogunleye, as the Medical Director of its new ... the facility Medical Director of our new Mesquite location,” said Dr. James M. Muzzarelli, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... Analysis 2016 - Forecast to 2022" report to their ... contains up to date financial data derived from varied research ... trends with potential impact on the market during the next ... which comprises of sub markets, regional and country level analysis. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Research ... Pharma News Issue 52" report to their offering. ... in influenza treatment creates a favourable commercial environment for MedImmune ... growing patient base that will serve to drive considerable growth ... vaccine would serve to cap sales considerably, but development is ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 , ... Thursday, July 7, 2016 , , , , LOCATION: , ... , , , , EXPERT PANELISTS:  , , , Frost ... Industry Analyst, Christi Bird; Senior Industry Analyst, Divyaa Ravishankar and Unmesh ... The global pharmaceutical industry is witnessing an exceptional era. Several ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: