Navigation Links
Coke addicts prefer money in hand to snowy future
Date:8/11/2011

cation, and a median income of $7,000. Each was asked to estimate the number of grams of cocaine worth $1,000 and the experiments were based on that value. The initial amount offered for the immediate choice has half of the full value; the delayed amount was always the full value. If the choice was money now versus cocaine later, the immediate reward was $500 and the future reward was $1,000 worth of cocaine.

When the participant chose one of the options, the immediate value was adjusted in the next trial up or down by half. If the participant chose the immediate reward, its value dropped by half for the next question. If he chose the future reward, its value increased by 50 percent, but delivery was further in the future. Participants made a choice between immediate and delayed rewards for each of seven delay periods one day, one week, one month, six months, one year, five years, and 25 years.

Findings for money now versus money later and cocaine now versus cocaine later replicated previous studies with single commodities. The mixed commodity conditions are novel to this study. In the money now-cocaine later choices, "participants soon became indifferent to future cocaine amounts, preferring immediate money even when the value of the future cocaine was significantly greater. That is, cocaine is discounted more steeply than money," said Bickel.

However, when the immediate reward was the drug and the future reward was money, the decline was less steep. "It took longer for the future money to lose favor compared to a lesser value of cocaine," said Bickel. Discounting rates for cocaine now versus money later were not much different than the single commodity results.

Reflecting on the implications for drug treatment programs, Bickel pointed out, "We showed that a delayed drug is discounted more than when the drug is immediately available, no matter what the other option is. In other words, drug users are less likely to use drugs wh
'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Trulove
strulove@vt.edu
540-231-5646
Virginia Tech
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Academy's Community Initiative Offers Qualifying Former Addicts Free Vocational Training
2. Interview: Heroin Addicts in Afghanistan: An Inside Look
3. Ignoring stress leads recovering addicts to more cravings
4. Chemical system in brain behaves differently in cocaine addicts, UT Southwestern scientists find
5. Drug addicts get hooked via prescriptions, keep using to feel like a better person, research shows
6. Helping Fellow Addicts Can Help Maintain Sobriety
7. 6 out of 10 male drug-addicts abuse their partners, a study says
8. Top Raleigh Dentist Robert Williamson Designated A Preferred Invisalign Provider
9. Advans Survey Reveals that 75 Percent of Executives Prefer Domestic Outsourcing vs. Offshore
10. Inverness Medical Innovations Declares Dividend on its Series B Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock
11. ReGear Life Sciences Named Preferred Partner to Genesis Rehab Services
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/21/2014)... Texas (PRWEB) August 21, 2014 Consilium ... small businesses to provide temporary physicians in response to ... August 7th, allocating $5 billion to the Department of ... The VA currently operates more than one hundred fifty ... increase in the number of patients awaiting treatment, including ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... MISSOULA, Mont. (PRWEB) August 21, 2014 She ... struck blind and brain injured after a surgery to correct ... “He Works All Things Together…” author Rebecca Strom-Stewart shares her ... misguided good intentions that led to a miscarriage of justice ... trudge through the tunnel of darkness and into the light,” ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... CQIIP, Continuous Quality Immunization Improvement Process, ... and Prevention and the Department of Defense. CQIIP ... immunization standards and are administered in accordance with ... Immunizations. , ACC chose to adopt the program ... to protect patients, improve efficiency, and increase the ...
(Date:8/21/2014)... Recently, BambooIndustry.com, one of the most famous ... new range of hand scraped bamboo floorings ... an Autumn special offer for these elegant items. According ... a discounted price, up to 25% off; the promotion ... , Providing natural looks and available in different varieties, ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... Skmen.com, the popular online supplier of men’s and ... party dresses online. Along with this, the company has ... all the fresh products are offered with great discounts and ... special offer before August 31. , Skmen.com has more ... A large proportion of its clothes are selling well in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Consilium Staffing Providing Locum Tenens in Response to VA Hospital Reform Legislation 2Health News:The Dramatic, Uplifting Story from a Brain Injured Woman 2Health News:ACC Health Raises the Bar Again by Completing the CQIIP Certification Program 2Health News:Cheap Hand Scraped Bamboo Floorings Recently Unveiled by BambooIndustry.com 2Health News:Skmen.com: New Designs Of Mini Party Dresses Provided Online 2
... China is implementing family planning policies is often held ... ,Well the element of coercion may be ... exploding beyond relentlessly.,The riots against punitive measures reported last ... being done over there.,Worse, the Chinese citizens are virtually ...
... stents in the treatment of coronary artery blockage is common ... patients receiving drug-coated stents for off-label indications, according to ... ,Stents are tiny mesh tubes used to prop open ... obstructed coronary artery. The newer drug-eluting stents are normal metal ...
... of tuberculosis in Britain, senior doctors here want all ... the disease. ,The doctors want the ... ,The Observer reported Sunday that two new outbreaks, in ... officials were failing to come to grips with the ...
... Researchers studying the genetics behind why C. difficile causes disease ... it because they are starving. That just might help them ... a very difficult disease to treat. ,"The genes ... periods of nutrient deprivation. This is consistent with the view ...
... person dies of it every 30 seconds, it rivals HIV ... vast majority of its victims are under five years old. ... Ross was awarded the Nobel Prize for finally proving that ... Nottingham believe they have made a significant breakthrough in the ...
... Commissioner for Human Rights: 'Universal access to health care is not ... cannot implement that human right without effective health systems. We ... this simple message stick.' ,The International Day ... year. ,The origins of this world health day ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Chinese Take Fertility Drugs to Beat One Child Policy 2Health News:Chinese Take Fertility Drugs to Beat One Child Policy 3Health News:Off-label and Untested Use of Drug-coated Stents Appears Widespread 2Health News:Understanding Why C. Difficile Causes Disease -- It's Hungry 2Health News:Vaccine Hope for Malaria 2Health News:International Day Of Action For Women's Health - 2007 2Health News:International Day Of Action For Women's Health - 2007 3Health News:International Day Of Action For Women's Health - 2007 4
(Date:8/20/2014)... , Aug. 20, 2014  Decision ... (EP) mapping and ablation device market will ... ablation to treat atrial fibrillation (AF). The ... treatment option for AF will spur adoption ... application, such as advanced loop diagnostic catheters, ...
(Date:8/20/2014)...  Amerigen Pharmaceuticals Ltd. announces that its Chinese ... Chinese FDA (CFDA) approval and has subsequently launched ... China domestic market.  Under ... with Sinochem Jiangsu Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Amerigen is ... and China CFDA certified oral solid dose facility ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... NEW YORK , Aug. 20, 2014 ... available in its catalogue: Global Feminine Hygiene ... This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Feminine ... Segments: Sanitary Pads/Towels, Tampons, Panty liners, and Others. The ... Canada , Japan , ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Electrophysiology Mapping and Ablation Device Market in Japan to Reach $1.1 Billion by 2023 2Electrophysiology Mapping and Ablation Device Market in Japan to Reach $1.1 Billion by 2023 3Amerigen Pharmaceuticals Ltd. announces that its Chinese subsidiary, Suzhou Amerigen Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd., has received Chinese FDA (CFDA) approval and has subsequently launched its generic Mecobalamin 0.5 mg Tablets into the China domestic mark 2Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 2Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 3Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 4Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 5Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 6Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 7Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 8Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 9Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 10Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 11Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 12Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 13Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 14Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 15Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 16Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 17Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 18Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 19Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 20Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 21Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 22Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 23Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 24Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 25Global Feminine Hygiene Products Industry 26
... national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader ... offers an extensive test menu of highly ... and anatomic pathology. Owned by the University ... than half of the nation's university teaching ...
... is a national reference laboratory and a ... development. ARUP offers an extensive test menu ... in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by ... include more than half of the nation's ...
... national reference laboratory and a worldwide leader ... offers an extensive test menu of highly ... and anatomic pathology. Owned by the University ... than half of the nation's university teaching ...
... is a national reference laboratory and a ... development. ARUP offers an extensive test menu ... in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by ... include more than half of the nation's ...
Medicine Products: