Navigation Links
Coke addicts prefer money in hand to snowy future
Date:8/11/2011

cation, and a median income of $7,000. Each was asked to estimate the number of grams of cocaine worth $1,000 and the experiments were based on that value. The initial amount offered for the immediate choice has half of the full value; the delayed amount was always the full value. If the choice was money now versus cocaine later, the immediate reward was $500 and the future reward was $1,000 worth of cocaine.

When the participant chose one of the options, the immediate value was adjusted in the next trial up or down by half. If the participant chose the immediate reward, its value dropped by half for the next question. If he chose the future reward, its value increased by 50 percent, but delivery was further in the future. Participants made a choice between immediate and delayed rewards for each of seven delay periods one day, one week, one month, six months, one year, five years, and 25 years.

Findings for money now versus money later and cocaine now versus cocaine later replicated previous studies with single commodities. The mixed commodity conditions are novel to this study. In the money now-cocaine later choices, "participants soon became indifferent to future cocaine amounts, preferring immediate money even when the value of the future cocaine was significantly greater. That is, cocaine is discounted more steeply than money," said Bickel.

However, when the immediate reward was the drug and the future reward was money, the decline was less steep. "It took longer for the future money to lose favor compared to a lesser value of cocaine," said Bickel. Discounting rates for cocaine now versus money later were not much different than the single commodity results.

Reflecting on the implications for drug treatment programs, Bickel pointed out, "We showed that a delayed drug is discounted more than when the drug is immediately available, no matter what the other option is. In other words, drug users are less likely to use drugs wh
'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Trulove
strulove@vt.edu
540-231-5646
Virginia Tech
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Academy's Community Initiative Offers Qualifying Former Addicts Free Vocational Training
2. Interview: Heroin Addicts in Afghanistan: An Inside Look
3. Ignoring stress leads recovering addicts to more cravings
4. Chemical system in brain behaves differently in cocaine addicts, UT Southwestern scientists find
5. Drug addicts get hooked via prescriptions, keep using to feel like a better person, research shows
6. Helping Fellow Addicts Can Help Maintain Sobriety
7. 6 out of 10 male drug-addicts abuse their partners, a study says
8. Top Raleigh Dentist Robert Williamson Designated A Preferred Invisalign Provider
9. Advans Survey Reveals that 75 Percent of Executives Prefer Domestic Outsourcing vs. Offshore
10. Inverness Medical Innovations Declares Dividend on its Series B Convertible Perpetual Preferred Stock
11. ReGear Life Sciences Named Preferred Partner to Genesis Rehab Services
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/2/2015)... (PRWEB) March 02, 2015 Representatives ... it has officially launched a multivitamin supplement that’s ... of product development for BNatrl, said the multivitamin, ... from Olympic and other world-class athletes. , "Being ... use this pure whole food multivitamin to improve ...
(Date:3/2/2015)... YORK, NY (PRWEB) March 02, 2015 This ... off March 2–8 and will provide opportunities for people across ... new ways to help people with MS live their best ... progress made and to inspire others to join the Society’s ... Multiple sclerosis, an unpredictable, often disabling disease of the central ...
(Date:3/2/2015)... 2015 Dinner preparation and meal ... the success of DinnerDork , a company ... delicious for thousands of busy customers. The company ... expanding to offer a total of 6 diverse ... appropriate classic recipes and comfort foods; Paleo Palette, ...
(Date:3/2/2015)... (PRWEB) March 02, 2015 Four Seasons Resort ... celebrating its 25th anniversary this year, having officially opened its ... the luxury resort is honoring over 70 employees who started ... -- from amongst the approximately 400 original employees. The ... Resort’s Oceanfront Lawn. , This Four Seasons flagship ...
(Date:3/2/2015)... March 02, 2015 A true renaissance man—some ... of the 1960s cult rock band Khazad Doom, has long ... determination to persevere despite all odds. His motto throughout his ... what situation or goal was before him. And that attitude, ... now being passed on to a new generation. , As ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Bnatrl Launches Multivitamin Supplement for Runners 2Health News:Every Connection Counts During MS Awareness Week 2Health News:Every Connection Counts During MS Awareness Week 3Health News:Every Connection Counts During MS Awareness Week 4Health News:DinnerDork Announces New Meal Planning Support for the Home Cook 2Health News:DinnerDork Announces New Meal Planning Support for the Home Cook 3Health News:Celebrating Four Seasons Resort Maui’s 25th Anniversary 2Health News:Cult Rock Star’s “Got To Make It” Attitude Inspires New Generations 2Health News:Cult Rock Star’s “Got To Make It” Attitude Inspires New Generations 3
... road accidents on the basis of the time taken for ... reducing the time between an accident taking place and the ... would cut the risk of death by one-third. "The ... arrive is 25 minutes in Spain", Roco Snchez-Mangas, co-author of ...
... By Steven Reinberg HealthDay Reporter , TUESDAY, ... fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fats can ... mildly elevated blood pressure, Johns Hopkins University researchers say. ... (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) -- was designed to lower ...
... journal Addiction argues that privatising Sweden,s government ... alcohol-related violence and other harms. Depending on the type ... Sweden will increase by 17 - 37%, with thousands ... year and up to 11 million more days of ...
... HealthDay Reporter , TUESDAY, Aug. 31 (HealthDay News) ... strong policy statement directed toward pediatricians, parents and the media ... getting about sex from television, the Internet and other media ... , was published online Aug. 30 and in the September ...
... This release is available in French . ... Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), in collaboration with the MS ... experts in multiple sclerosis (MS) to identify research priorities for ... Ottawa, CIHR President Dr. Alain Beaudet announced the outcomes of ...
... multiple sclerosis patients is being set up with a 10 ... Anne Rowling Regenerative Neurology Clinic at the University of Edinburgh ... outcomes for multiple sclerosis sufferers. This will focus ... progression of the disease, working towards the eventual aim of ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:10 minutes could prevent one-third of road deaths 2Health News:'DASH Diet' Shown to Lower Heart Attack Risk Almost 20% 2Health News:'DASH Diet' Shown to Lower Heart Attack Risk Almost 20% 3Health News:Privatizing Sweden's retail alcohol sales will increase alcohol-related violence and other harms 2Health News:U.S. Pediatricians Decry Media's Portrayal of Sex 2Health News:U.S. Pediatricians Decry Media's Portrayal of Sex 3Health News:CIHR makes recommendations on Canadian MS research priorities 2Health News:Clinic puts patients at heart of multiple sclerosis research 2Health News:Clinic puts patients at heart of multiple sclerosis research 3
(Date:3/2/2015)... 2, 2015 Mount Elizabeth Novena Hospital will ... Singapore to treat cancer using the TrueBeam™ ... Systems (NYSE: VAR ).  At a Grand ... which enables advanced forms of treatment including radiosurgery, a ... to attack a tumor from outside the body, without ...
(Date:3/2/2015)... March 2, 2015 For the past 15 years, there ... year in the U.S. alone (U.S. Census Bureau 2012). Of course, ... fender benders BUT there are quite a few where the car ... which can obstruct the seatbelt release button or occupant injury. ... any serious accidents in their lifetime but may still be "lucky" ...
(Date:3/2/2015)... 2, 2015  Delcath Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... focused on oncology with an emphasis on the treatment ... management will participate in the upcoming 27 th ... at the Ritz Carlton Laguna Niguel in ... PhD, MSN, CRNP, Delcath,s interim President and Chief Executive ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Mount Elizabeth Novena Hospital to Deliver First TrueBeam STx Radiosurgery Treatments in Singapore 2Mount Elizabeth Novena Hospital to Deliver First TrueBeam STx Radiosurgery Treatments in Singapore 3New SuperVizor, an Automobile Escape Tool, Ensures the Safety of Drivers and Passengers on the Road 2Delcath To Present At The 27th Annual Roth Conference 2Delcath To Present At The 27th Annual Roth Conference 3
... MELVILLE, N.Y., Sept. 2 Henry Schein, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... care products and services to office-based practitioners, is helping ... new outfits and carrying backpacks filled with school supplies ... Back-to-School program.  This year, the Back-to-School program is supporting ...
... Fla., Sept. 1 Gulf Coast Cancer Treatment Center, ... center, introduces the Elekta Synergy system.  The new technology ... Thursday, September 16, 2010 from 1 p.m. to 7 ... at 2100 State Avenue in Panama City.  Radiation oncologists ...
Cached Medicine Technology:13th Annual Henry Schein Back-to-School Program Serves Record Number of Children 213th Annual Henry Schein Back-to-School Program Serves Record Number of Children 3Open House at Gulf Coast Cancer Treatment Center Introduces Elekta Synergy® to Community 2
ENDO STITCH™ Single Use Loading Units....
ENDO STITCH™ Single Use Loading Units....
... The Endo Stitch™ single use ... surgery for the placement of interrupted ... The Endo Stitch™ single use suturing ... 10mm and 10mm short with the ...
... The Suture Assistant is a sterile, ... approximating tissue, and in placing a suture ... push a button to tie a secure ... use with the ENDOPATH 5mm trocars or ...
Medicine Products: