Navigation Links
Cognitive behavioral or relaxation training helps women reduce distress during breast cancer treatment

Coral Gables, Fla. (May 16, 2014) Can psychological intervention help women adapt to the stresses of breast cancer? It appears that a brief, five-week psychological intervention can have beneficial effects for women who are dealing with the stresses of breast cancer diagnosis and surgery. Intervening during this early period after surgery may reduce women's distress and providing cognitive or relaxation skills for stress management to help them adapt to treatment.

Researchers at the University of Miami recruited 183 breast cancer patients from surgical oncology clinics in the Miami area in the weeks following surgery and prior to adjuvant treatment (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and anti-hormonal therapy).

Women were randomized to one of three five-week groups: Cognitive Behavioral Training (e.g., changing thoughts about stressors and learning interpersonal skills), Relaxation Training (e.g., muscle relaxation and deep breathing), or a Health Education control group. At randomization and after women completed the 5-week group, researchers measured distress and life disruption, including mood, distress caused by breast cancer, disruption in social activities, and emotional well-being.

"We know from prior work at the University of Miami that a 10-week group combining cognitive behavioral and relaxation training improves quality of life for women in the early phases of breast cancer treatment. Since 10 weeks may be too long of a time commitment for most breast cancer patients, we wanted to test whether separate 5-week group versions of either cognitive behavioral training or relaxation training could have beneficial effects."

Researchers found that women who received the Cognitive Behavioral or Relaxation Training reported greater improvements in mood than women in the time-matched Health Education control group. Compared to the control group, women in the Cognitive Behavioral group also reported reduced breast cancer-specific distress (intrusive thoughts), as well as improved emotional-well-being, while women in the Relaxation group reported reduced disruptions in social activities.

In addition, women in the intervention groups showed greater improvements in stress management skills than those assigned to the Health Education control group. Women who received Cognitive Behavioral Training reported improvements in their sense of social support. Women who received Relaxation Training reported increased confidence in their ability to use the relaxation skills they had learned.

"Fine-grained analyses of the stress management skills women reported after the sessions were completed suggest that those in the cognitive behavioral training group were improving their sense of social support, which we know can improve mood and quality of life. On the other hand, women in the Relaxation Training group were improving their confidence in using skills such as muscle relaxation, breathing, and imagery. These skills may lower their day-to-day tension and anxiety, enabling them to enjoy more aspects of their social lives."

Future work by this group will investigate whether the Cognitive Behavioral and Relaxation Training interventions produce changes in stress hormone levels and measures of immune function and inflammatory processes over an extended follow-up period. Indicators of psychological and physiological well-being may provide a pathway through which these interventions could improve quality of life and health outcomes over the long-term survivorship period.

The findings were presented at the American Psychosomatic Society Meeting in San Francisco, California, on March 14, 2014.


Contact: Annette Gallagher
University of Miami

Related medicine news :

1. Stress contributes to cognitive declines in women with breast cancer, researcher says
2. Moffitt researchers find cancer therapies affect cognitive functioning among breast cancer survivors
3. Dartmouth researchers investigate the cognitive effects of athlete head impacts
4. Kessler Foundation scientists present cognitive research findings at MS dual symposium
5. Preventing or better managing diabetes may prevent cognitive decline, according to UCSF study
6. Scientists identify gene linked to facial, skull and cognitive impairment
7. Binge drinking increases the risk of cognitive decline in older adults
8. Hope for patients with HIV-associated cognitive impairment
9. Scientists report promising new direction for cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly
10. Fit Brains, online portfolio of cognitive games, reaches milestone of 75 million brain scores
11. Longer use of hormonal contraception during midlife predicts better cognitive function later
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... ... Growth in medical payments per workers’ compensation claim in Louisiana slowed from ... care, according to a recent study by the Workers Compensation Research Institute (WCRI). ... payments per claim with more than seven days of lost time continued to be ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... December 1, ... vast improvements in scientific research and discoveries, leading us to better understand the ... relief to those affected by HIV/AIDS. Mediaplanet’s cross-platform edition of “World AIDS Day” ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... It’s official: ... a tattoo — a number even greater among Millennials (a whopping one in three ... more and more people who are dissatisfied with their ink. In fact, RealSelf ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... NY (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... non-traumatic limb amputations in the United States. Podiatrists are well aware that psychology-based ... adopt therapeutic behaviors) are often catastrophic contributors to diseases of the diabetic foot. ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... For many ... the film for accurate interpretation by the radiologist. The marking utensils are so ... Sacramento, Calif., has found a way to alleviate this problem. , He developed ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... A federal court has denied the state of ... filed by the Pharmaceutical Care Management Association (PCMA) challenging the ... law that forces employers and consumers to pay drugstores higher ... must now defend a law that raises health care ... Mark Merritt . --> Arkansas ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 1, 2015 Pharma Tech Outlook recently conducted ... Clinical Data Management Solution Providers - 2015 .  After ... comprising CEOs, CIOs, VCs, analysts, and the Pharma Tech ... of top 10 clinical data management solution providers (check ... 14 and 36 respectively). --> ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... VERONA, Va. , Dec. 1, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... today unveiled a new corporate logo and brand ... in the design and engineering of bladed products ... --> --> Serving ... fiber, glass, and auto glass equipment, AccuTEC,s product ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: