Navigation Links
Cognitive behavioral or relaxation training helps women reduce distress during breast cancer treatment
Date:5/16/2014

Coral Gables, Fla. (May 16, 2014) Can psychological intervention help women adapt to the stresses of breast cancer? It appears that a brief, five-week psychological intervention can have beneficial effects for women who are dealing with the stresses of breast cancer diagnosis and surgery. Intervening during this early period after surgery may reduce women's distress and providing cognitive or relaxation skills for stress management to help them adapt to treatment.

Researchers at the University of Miami recruited 183 breast cancer patients from surgical oncology clinics in the Miami area in the weeks following surgery and prior to adjuvant treatment (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and anti-hormonal therapy).

Women were randomized to one of three five-week groups: Cognitive Behavioral Training (e.g., changing thoughts about stressors and learning interpersonal skills), Relaxation Training (e.g., muscle relaxation and deep breathing), or a Health Education control group. At randomization and after women completed the 5-week group, researchers measured distress and life disruption, including mood, distress caused by breast cancer, disruption in social activities, and emotional well-being.

"We know from prior work at the University of Miami that a 10-week group combining cognitive behavioral and relaxation training improves quality of life for women in the early phases of breast cancer treatment. Since 10 weeks may be too long of a time commitment for most breast cancer patients, we wanted to test whether separate 5-week group versions of either cognitive behavioral training or relaxation training could have beneficial effects."

Researchers found that women who received the Cognitive Behavioral or Relaxation Training reported greater improvements in mood than women in the time-matched Health Education control group. Compared to the control group, women in the Cognitive Behavioral group also reported reduced breast cancer-specific distress (intrusive thoughts), as well as improved emotional-well-being, while women in the Relaxation group reported reduced disruptions in social activities.

In addition, women in the intervention groups showed greater improvements in stress management skills than those assigned to the Health Education control group. Women who received Cognitive Behavioral Training reported improvements in their sense of social support. Women who received Relaxation Training reported increased confidence in their ability to use the relaxation skills they had learned.

"Fine-grained analyses of the stress management skills women reported after the sessions were completed suggest that those in the cognitive behavioral training group were improving their sense of social support, which we know can improve mood and quality of life. On the other hand, women in the Relaxation Training group were improving their confidence in using skills such as muscle relaxation, breathing, and imagery. These skills may lower their day-to-day tension and anxiety, enabling them to enjoy more aspects of their social lives."

Future work by this group will investigate whether the Cognitive Behavioral and Relaxation Training interventions produce changes in stress hormone levels and measures of immune function and inflammatory processes over an extended follow-up period. Indicators of psychological and physiological well-being may provide a pathway through which these interventions could improve quality of life and health outcomes over the long-term survivorship period.

The findings were presented at the American Psychosomatic Society Meeting in San Francisco, California, on March 14, 2014.


'/>"/>

Contact: Annette Gallagher
a.gallagher1@umiami.edu
305-284-1121
University of Miami
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Stress contributes to cognitive declines in women with breast cancer, researcher says
2. Moffitt researchers find cancer therapies affect cognitive functioning among breast cancer survivors
3. Dartmouth researchers investigate the cognitive effects of athlete head impacts
4. Kessler Foundation scientists present cognitive research findings at MS dual symposium
5. Preventing or better managing diabetes may prevent cognitive decline, according to UCSF study
6. Scientists identify gene linked to facial, skull and cognitive impairment
7. Binge drinking increases the risk of cognitive decline in older adults
8. Hope for patients with HIV-associated cognitive impairment
9. Scientists report promising new direction for cognitive rehabilitation in the elderly
10. Fit Brains, online portfolio of cognitive games, reaches milestone of 75 million brain scores
11. Longer use of hormonal contraception during midlife predicts better cognitive function later
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... July 20, 2017 , ... ... further expand its existing adherence automation lines. The ATP® Mini and InspectRx® ... technology of TCG’s standard products, but at a size and price point that ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... July 20, 2017 , ... ... services since 2014, top travel insurance solution company VisitorsCoverage Inc. has launched TMQuotes, ... all major international travel insurance products online, under their own brand. The online ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... July 19, 2017 , ... A local ... and increased funds raised to support fine arts programs in Chester County’s Elementary ... in Freed-Hardeman University’s Loyd Auditorium. , More than 850 people attended the ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Med Tech Solutions (MTS), a leading health care cloud computing ... Constellation Inc., a move that will help the company better serve its clients and ... acquisition is expected to help MTS expand its presence in the Midwest ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... , ... July 19, 2017 , ... A July 5th ... successful weight loss surgery patients who had received a body contouring procedure reported experiencing ... beauty clinic Beverly Hills Physicians (BHP), which provides both types of procedures, notes that ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/12/2017)... , July 12, 2017 CarpalAID is a revolutionary new ... or surgery. Carpal tunnel syndrome affects more than 8 ... twice the rate of men. The common methods of treating CTS ... with uncomfortable hand braces or gloves. ... CarpalAID is a clear patch worn ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... 11, 2017  Sysmex America, Inc., a leading ... equipment as well as middleware information systems technology, ... make quality assurance easier and more risk free ... known for the innovation that it delivers to ... quality assurance processes to a new level with ...
(Date:7/10/2017)...  BDI Group subsidiary Pathway Purchasing Network, a ... serving specialty pharmacies, home infusion companies and physician ... value-added member programs designed to help organizations gain ... improve access and affordability for patients who rely ... Pathway has worked with ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: