Navigation Links
Cocktail boosts immune cells in fighting cancer

Fighting cancer using the body's own defense system is a promising treatment approach. Immune therapies have even become clinical routine in treating a few cancers such as malignant melanoma and prostate cancer. Natural killer cells (or NK cells) are considered to be particularly suitable weapons against cancer. They are part of the innate immune system and respond to a wide range of cancer cells of diverse origin. Moreover, NK cells also kill tumor cells that have lost a specific target and go unnoticed by other immune cells.

"The big problem in using NK cells for therapy is their rapid loss of activity, hence their aggressiveness," says Dr. Adelheid Cerwenka. Together with her team at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Cerwenka is trying to develop cancer therapies based on NK cells. "Although there are good treatment results for certain types of blood cancer, NK cells have been clinically effective in fighting solid tumors only in a few cases," the immunologist explains.

Cerwenka's team has now been the first to enhance the NK cells' deadly potential in mice using a cocktail of three different immune mediators (interleukins 12, 15, and 18). NK cells that were activated in the culture dish and then injected into cancerous mice significantly slowed down tumor growth. The animals survived significantly longer and in one quarter of animals the tumors even regressed completely. By contrast, NK cells without prior treatment were ineffective.

The NK cells pretreated with the cocktail initially multiplied strongly in the mice. The researchers found it particularly remarkable that the NK cells appear to be re-stimulated by other immune cells in the bodies of the affected mice and were thus kept in an active state. Even after three months, the DKFZ immunologists still found active, functional NK cells in mice, even after the tumors had already been rejected. "We previously thought immunological memory exists only in cells of the adaptive immune system," says Cerwenka.

However, NK cells were only able to let tumors shrink if the mice had undergone prior radiation treatment. The scientists found a lot more NK cells at their site of action in tumor tissue in irradiated mice than in control animals. Cerwenka and colleagues do not yet know the precise molecular reason for this observation. "The good thing is that we might be able to achieve this effect in a potential clinical application by combining the cocktail-treated NK cells with radiation therapy."

Cocktail-treated human NK cells also display all molecular signs of sustained activation in cell culture. Adelheid Cerwenka and her team have already started testing the effectiveness of killer cells in fighting human cancer cells. "We hope to advance the development of NK cell therapies against cancer with our novel approach," says Cerwenka.

Contact: Dr. Sibylle Kohlstdt
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres

Related medicine news :

1. Gatekeeper of brain steroid signals boosts emotional resilience to stress
2. Dessert With Breakfast Boosts Weight Loss: Study
3. Exercise Program Boosts Health After Lung Transplant: Study
4. Gene Boosts Tomatos Color, But May Make It Less Tasty
5. Joint Replacement Boosts Heart Attack Risk Right After Surgery: Study
6. Coordinated Care Boosts Cardiac Arrest Survival: Study
7. Protein that boosts longevity may protect against diabetes
8. More Evidence That Exercise in Middle Age Boosts Health
9. Curbing Circumcision Boosts STDs, Study Contends
10. Single-port kidney removal through the belly button boosts living-donor satisfaction
11. Tech fund boosts Binghamton inventors
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... mental health and wellness consultation, has collaborated with Women’s Web – an ... reader’s queries on topics on mental and emotional well-being relationship, life balance, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... OAK BROOK, Ill. (PRWEB) , ... November 25, ... ... sometimes larger and potentially more aggressive than those found on mammography, according to ... cases MRI findings of additional cancers not seen on mammography may necessitate a ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... the perfect dish and pleasing the palates of attendees is of the utmost ... dish to a seasonal get-together, give these recipes a try this holiday season. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Medical Solutions, one of the ... stellar workplace culture with the company’s Cincinnati office being named a finalist among ... was named a finalist in Cincinnati Business Courier’s 13th annual Greater Cincinnati Best ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Dr. John Pierce, Medical ... more about hair loss treatment with the Capillus272™ Pro laser therapy cap. FDA cleared ... thicker and fuller hair, without the need for surgery, prescription pills, or topical foams. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... November 26, 2015 ... adds "Global Repaglinide Industry ... Report on China Repaglinide Market, 2010-2019" ... data and information to its online ... . --> ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , Nov. 26, 2015 Research and ... of the "2016 Future Horizons and Growth ... Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, ... --> --> ... of the Italian therapeutic drug monitoring market, including ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , November 26, 2015 ... has announced the addition of the  ... in the European Cell Surface Marker ... Emerging Opportunities"  report to their offering.  ... announced the addition of the  "2016 ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: