Navigation Links
Coached extracurricular activities may help prevent pre-adolescent smoking and drinking
Date:4/30/2014

Dartmouth researchers have found that tweens (preadolescents aged 10-14) who participate in a coached team sport a few times a week or more are less likely to try smoking. Their findings on the relationship between extracurricular activity and health risk behaviors are reported in "The relative roles of types of extracurricular activity on smoking and drinking initiation among tweens," which was recently published in Academic Pediatrics.

"How children spend their time matters," said lead author Anna M. Adachi-Mejia, PhD, a member of Norris Cotton Cancer Center's Cancer Control Research Program. "In a nationally representative sample we found that tweens who participate in sports with a coach were less likely to try smoking. Parents and guardians may think that tweens need less adult supervision when they are not in school. However, our research suggests that certain coached extracurricular activities can help prevent tween smoking and drinking."

Researchers conducted a telephone survey of 6,522 US students between 10 and 14 years old in 2003 to determine if the influence of any kind of sport, versus sports where a coach is present, would be associated with risk of smoking and drinking. They developed a novel approach to examine the relation between extracurricular activities and adolescent smoking and drinking. Measures included participation in team sports with a coach, other sports without a coach, music, school clubs, and other clubs. A little over half of the students reported participating in team sports with a coach (55.5 percent) and without a coach (55.4 percent) a few times per week or more. Many had minimal to no participation in school clubs (74.2 percent); however, most reported being involved in other clubs (85.8 percent). A little less than half participated in music, choir, dance, and/or band lessons. Over half of participants involved in religious activity did those activities a few times per week or more.

The study found that team sport participation with a coach was the only extracurricular activity associated with lower risk of trying smoking compared to none or minimal participation. Participating in other clubs was the only extracurricular activity associated with lower risk of trying drinking compared to none or minimal participation. Their analyses controlled for over twenty measures of characteristics and behaviors known to be associated with health risks.

Other studies examining teen extracurricular activity have focused on academic outcomes and adolescent development, or have focused on alcohol and marijuana use more than tobacco when examining health risk behaviors.

"Unlike those studies, we examined a younger age group, and we focused on the relationship between extracurricular activity and health risk behaviors," said Adachi-Mejia. "Rather than asking about sports participation in the context of activity only, we framed our questions to ask about team sports participation with a coach and participation in other sports without a coachnone of the other studies have asked specifically about coaching."

We know that team sports participation offers cardiovascular and other benefits, including obesity prevention. This study shows that specific type extracurricular activities may be associated with risk of youth smoking and drinking initiation. And while more research is needed to better understand the underlying reasons behind these differences, Adachi-Mejia notes that the study offers yet another reason to be thinking about what kinds of team sports offerings are available for youth.

"Unfortunately, in the transition from the tween to adolescent years, coached sports teams face pressure to shift from a philosophy of inclusion to a greater emphasis on winning," she said. "This shift potentially shuts out tweens with fewer skills and/or lesser interest in facing the pressures associated with increased competition. I'd like to encourage communities and schools to explore the possibility of offering noncompetitive, affordable team sports with a coach."


'/>"/>

Contact: Robin Dutcher
robin.Dutcher@hitchcock.org
603-653-9056
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Everyday Activities Might Lower Alzheimers Risk
2. 2012 IDEA World Fitness Convention™: Zensah® to Exhibit Compression Apparel for Fitness Activities
3. Soma Technology, Inc., Supporting Charitable Activities in Latin America
4. NResort Jamaica and Go Classy Tours Sponsors AANR Government Affairs Benefit to Help Raise Support for People Interested in Nude Sunbathing and Nudist Activities
5. Everyday Activities May Have Same Health Benefits as Going to Gym
6. Bel Marra Health Reports on a New Study: Body Image Influences Psychosocial Activities and Quality of Life.
7. Maui'd Forever The Hawaiian Island Wedding Planning Company Now Provides Activities to Their Clients
8. Depression in Alzheimers patients associated with declining ability to handle daily activities
9. Fresh Healthy Vending Supports Houston City Council Nutritious Meal Program for After-School Activities
10. Maui'd Forever Pleased to Offer Price Guarantee on Hawaii Activities
11. Viewpoints TV Offers a New Segment on America’s Best Family Activities
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... The annual time frame to change Medicare health ... is ending December 7th. Currently-enrolled Medicare beneficiaries who are looking to switch from their ... D) need to make changes during this period order for their new policy to ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... More than ... and while 84 percent of parents report speaking with their child about sex related ... sexually transmitted diseases. , Mediaplanet is proud to announce the launch of its second ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Sourced from the Isbre Springs beneath the 5,000 ... unmatched natural purity of just 6 ppm TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) in addition to ... been available in several ShopRite and FoodTown stores in NJ and received rave comments ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Miami, FL (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 ... ... over 5,100 hot meals to needy individuals and families from eight different sites ... Florida on Thanksgiving Day. Over 1,000 volunteers worked very hard on Thanksgiving morning ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... , ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... they now offer a comprehensive in-house dental plan for all patients. Understanding that ... a plan that gives patients a number of perks, including discounts on many ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... YORK , December 2, 2016 ... Braces & Support) is Expected to Gain a Significant Market ... to Orthopedic Ailments  ... , According to ... Study on Medical Implants Sterile Packaging: Clamshell Product Type Segment ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... On Thursday, the NASDAQ Composite and ... the Dow Jones Industrial Average managed to stay in green. ... which prompted Stock-callers this morning to look at the performances ... NUVA ), Smith & Nephew PLC (NYSE: SNN ... Cesca Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: KOOL ). You can ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... -- The concept of rare diseases and the idea that ... has been taking shape in Europe ... initiatives related to orphan medicinal products have been emerging at ... states individually. Many member states in the EU have led ... medicinal products, the result of which took the shape of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: