Navigation Links
Cleaning Up the World's Sanitation
Date:3/20/2008

UN initiative seeks to halve by 2015 the number of people without toilet access

THURSDAY, March 20 (HealthDay News) Sanitation pays: For every dollar spent installing toilets in developing countries, there would be a $9 return in productivity, health and other benefits, according to a UN report released today.

The UN Millennium Development Goal (MDG) for sanitation seeks to halve by 2015 the number of people worldwide who don't have access to a toilet. The estimated cost of the program is $38 billion, less than one percent of annual global military spending. But that $38 billion investment would yield $347 billion worth of net benefits, according to the UN.

For example, meeting the MDG target for sanitation would increase productivity and add 3.2 billion annual working days worldwide. Universal access to toilets around the world would add more than four times as many working days, the report found.

Currently, about 2.6 billion people (more than one-third of Earth's population) lack access to adequate sanitation. Every day, each of those people spends a total of about 30 minutes waiting in line to use a public toilet or seeking a secluded location to relieve themselves. Over one month, that adds up to the equivalent of two working days, the UN said.

The lack of adequate sanitation also leads to lost workdays due to diarrheal disease - either because workers themselves are sick or because they have to stay home to care for a sick child or relative. In addition, many women don't go to work when they're menstruating because their workplaces have no toilets.

Globally, about 200 million tons of human waste and millions of tons of wastewater are discharged uncontained and untreated into waterways every year. This exposes people to disease-causing bacteria, viruses and parasites, which cause diarrheal disease, parasitic infections, worm infestations, and the eye disease trachoma.

Diarrheal disease (including dysentery and cholera) is a leading cause of death (1.8 million a year) and illness. About 5,000 children die of diarrheal disease each day and hundreds of millions of other children suffer reduced growth physical growth and impaired cognitive function due to intestinal worms.

Together, poor hygiene and lack of access to sanitation contribute to 88 percent of all deaths from diarrheal disease, according to the UN.

Meeting the MDG sanitation target would save $552 million a year worldwide in disease treatment costs. Meeting the target would also boost children's school attendance and provide a number of economic benefits for communities, such as infrastructure development.

In addition, health, safety and comfort standards for sanitation (along with aesthetic considerations) can also have a major influence on tourists' choice of destinations, the UN noted.

Currently, the areas with the least access to improved sanitation are West and Central Africa (36 percent coverage), South Asia (37 percent), and Eastern and Southern Africa (38 percent). Of the 2.6 billion people who don't have access to improved sanitation, two billion (77 percent) live in rural areas.

More information

The World Health Organization has more about sanitation and health.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: United Nations, news release, March 20, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Smart Home Cleaning: New Web Site Educates Consumers on Looking Clean Versus Being Clean
2. Audio from Medialink and GlaxoSmithKline: Cleaning House ... Overhaul Your Fridge and Pantry to Lose Weight
3. New Cleaning Industry Topics Page Provides Important Safety and Health Resources
4. Spate of Staph Infections Highlight the Need for Thorough, Consistent Cleaning Regimen at Home, at School and at Work
5. Cleaning Hands, Saving Lives: The Spread of Staph Can Be Stopped
6. Key Cleaning Solutions Products Utilized to Combat Community Acquired - MRSA (CA-MRSA) Are Succeeding In Killing Superbugs Where Normal Cleaning Practices and Products Are Not
7. Specimens in BODY WORLDS Exhibitions Stem Primarily from German Body Donation Program
8. The Institute for Plastination Responds to the Bishop of Manchesters Media Blitz, Assertions, and Allegations About BODY WORLDS Anatomical Exhibition Coming to Manchester
9. Museum Open Around the Clock - BODY WORLDS 2 and The Tech Host 40 Hour Marathon!
10. BODY WORLDS 3 & The Story of the Heart Opens at the California Science Center, March 14, 2008
11. BODY WORLDS 2 & Breathe California Pair Up for Some Ash Kicking
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Cleaning Up the World's Sanitation
(Date:7/26/2017)... ... July 26, 2017 , ... Team Type 1 Foundation, a nonprofit organization pursuing ... by diabetes, is excited to announce the 106 college athletes with type 1 diabetes ... in 2005, the Team Type 1 Foundation has bestowed a total of 271 college ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... ... July 26, 2017 , ... IDC-Eating Disorder Care is excited ... program located in Royal Oak, Michigan. IDC, formerly known as Inner Door ... providing the highest standards in the field of eating disorder treatment in the state ...
(Date:7/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... July 26, 2017 , ... Wendy M. Musielak, a partner ... was elected as DuPage County Bar Association’s third Vice President earlier this year. She will ... the office of the second Vice President, in accordance with the organization’s by-laws. , ...
(Date:7/25/2017)... ... 2017 , ... “Now Hiring!” is a popular phrase at Home Delivery ... record-breaking sales for over 30 consecutive years and now plans to hire more than ... offers excitement and growth at HDIS, following the company’s acquisition by Fortune 1000 company ...
(Date:7/25/2017)... MOORE, OK (PRWEB) , ... July 25, 2017 ... ... are proud to announce the launch of their partnership to provide the ... is the first pharmacy-focused platform in the country with the ability to develop ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/24/2017)... -- Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO ) announced ... operating results on Monday, August 7, 2017 after market ... p.m. ET. Shareholders ... of the conference call by dialing 877-201-0168 or 647-788-4901 ... 15 minutes prior to the call. A live webcast ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... -- Endo International plc (NASDAQ: ENDP ) today ... manufacturing network, the Company will be ceasing operations and ... Huntsville, Alabama . The closure of the facilities ... to 18 months. The Huntsville ... products and these restructuring actions are intended to better ...
(Date:7/19/2017)... July 19, 2017  Mako Medical Laboratories partnered with ... Military Family Assistance Fund (MFA) to bring 140 soldiers ... visit with their families one last time before being ... the travel and logistics needed for these soldiers. "Mako ... and their families. We just wish we could bring ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: