Navigation Links
Clean indoor air laws encourage bans on smoking at home
Date:11/7/2011

San Diego, CA, November 8, 2011 Second hand smoke exposure among nonsmokers has declined over time as clean indoor air laws have been adopted. However, there has been concern that such laws might encourage smokers to smoke more in their homes or other private venues. Children living in a home with an adult smoker are up to twice as likely to take up smoking themselves. Now, a study in the December issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine concludes that strong clean indoor air laws are associated with large increases in voluntary smokefree policies in the home, as well.

"Although the aim of clean indoor air laws is to reduce second hand smoke exposure in public venues, our results show that these laws have the important additional benefit of stimulating smokefree homes, with a larger association in homes occupied by smokers, protecting kids and other family members from second hand smoke," says lead investigator Stanton A. Glantz, PhD, Professor of Medicine in the Department of Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco.

Dr. Glantz and his colleagues analyzed data from the Tobacco Use Supplement to Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS), a nationally representative household survey of tobacco use. They looked at the likelihood of a person living in a home with a 100% smokefree ban, and how that related to individual characteristics, household composition, and whether the residential region is covered by clean indoor air laws. "Living in a county fully covered by a 100% clean indoor air law in workplaces or restaurants and bars is associated with an increased likelihood of having a voluntary 100% smokefree-home rule, for both smoking and nonsmoking households," says Dr. Glantz. "The presence of children in the home makes a smokefree rule more likely."

Since the home remains a major source of second hand smoke exposure for children, this work shows that an additional justification for enacting smokefree legislation is the secondary effect of encouraging voluntary smokefree rules at home, particularly in homes occupied by smokers," concludes Dr. Glantz.

In a related study also published in the December issue of the American Journal of Preventative Medicine, researchers from the Moores UCSD Cancer Center at the University of California, San Diego found that while public health campaigns have reduced the exposure of U.S. children to second hand smoke at home, only half of U.S. households with both children and smokers had complete home smoking bans.

Utilizing data from the TUS-CPS, the researchers found that public health campaigns may not have been equally effective across demographic groups. "Among U.S. households with both children and adult smokers, the prevalence of complete home smoking bans more than tripled form 1992/1993 to 2006/2007," says lead author Karen Messer, PhD, Professor and Director of Biostatistics at UCSD Moores Cancer Center. "While this is encouraging progress, gains were smallest among African-American households, and among households with older versus younger children. There were fewer smokefree households below the poverty line, in households with less education, and in states with high smoking prevalence. Effective interventions to promote smokefree homes among smoking families are needed, and this study can help identify populations that would benefit from such interventions."

In a commentary accompanying the articles, Melbourne F. Hovell, PhD, MPH, Director of the Center for Behavioral Epidemiology and Community Health, and colleagues from San Diego State University, call for the use of mobile and other emerging technologies for real-time measurements and interventions to better understand the underlying mechanisms of observed associations, such as how public clean indoor air laws influence home smoking bans.

"Both of these studies show that influences from the macro-environments (i.e. public policies on smoking, state-level smoking prevalence) had 'spillover effects' on the microenvironment, such as home smoking bans," explains Dr. Hovell. "Mobile phone-based systems that use GPS and accelerometer capability, along with particle monitors, will soon be capable of measuring real-time physical activity and smoke in microenvironments and transmitting this information to exposed individuals, providers and policymakers. Doing so may lead more rapidly to health promoting technologies and for preventive medicine interventions in micro- and macro-environments."


'/>"/>

Contact: Beverly Lytton
eAJPM@ucsd.edu
858-534-9340
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New material for air cleaner filters that captures flu viruses
2. Washing the Body Cleanses the Mind
3. Rub and Rinse Best Way to Clean Soft Contact Lenses
4. Colon Cleansing Has No Health Benefit, May Harm: Report
5. St. Michaels North America first to use novel blood-cleaning procedure for kidney transplant
6. Spring Cleaning Lands Many Americans in Hot Water
7. Flood Cleanup Requires Extra Care for Those With Allergies
8. Tests show new biosensor can guide environmental clean-ups
9. Spring-cleaning the mind?
10. Better Cleaning in ICUs Lowers MRSA Infection Rates
11. Keep Safety in Mind When Cleaning House, Experts Advise
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... ... who has struggled to quit smoking, a man who has struggled with hair loss – ... his problems – and he did. Now Nabat, a serial entrepreneur featured as the October ... to the world and better people's lives. His own experience with nicotine addiction led to ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Tingley Rubber Corporation , a leading ... range of unique and advantaged protective solutions to a growing and dynamic ... customer service and marketing support. A new distribution center in Brampton, Ontario will ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... enrichment program serving the greater Venice, FL area, has initiated a fundraiser for ... a car accident just four days after Christmas. To support this beautiful child ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... ... Remember the old saying “rub some dirt on it”? Perhaps you should try ... Clay” the health benefits of integrating clay into a daily diet are numerous, as ... motivational speaker, Perry A~ has since dedicated her life to learning about the benefits ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Discover the Rocky Mountain region’s ... booths and 700 companies. Attendees also get to see the most incredible gardens ... & Home Show , at the Colorado Convention Center - 700 14th St. Denver ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... -- http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/fqx6nz/global_skin ) has announced ... Equipment Market 2016-2020" report to their offering. ... announced the addition of the "Global Skin ... offering. --> Research and ... of the "Global Skin Protective Equipment Market ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... 8, 2016 In a historic vote among its members this ... a medical cannabis cultivation facility and dispensary on tribal land near ... as a provider for patients in the state,s Medical Cannabis ... as a provider for patients in the state,s Medical Cannabis Program. ... approve the project and pursue designation from the State of ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... 2016  A research team led by St. ... of how the abnormal breakage and rearrangement of chromosomes ... of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Such leukemias are cancers ... overproduction of immature cells, called lymphoblasts. ... malfunction underlying the type called "Ph-like ALL" will aid ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: