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Chinese researchers describe impaired self-face recognition in those with major depressive disorder
Date:7/16/2014

Neuropsychological impairment has long been established as a fundamental characteristic of depression, but a specific pattern of impairment that is widely recognized has not been summarized. Professor Jia Hongxiao and his group from the Beijing Anding Hospital, Capital Medical University, explore major depressive disorder (MDD) from the perspective of neuropsychology. They found that the self-serving bias and self-recognition bias were impaired in individuals suffering from MDD compared with a control group. This research lays the groundwork for further study on the etiology and pathological mechanisms of major depressive disorder. They outlined their findings in a study, entitled "Neuropsychological impairment: disturbed self-processing in patients with major depressive disorder," that was published in the Chinese Science Bulletin.

Impairments, including cognitive dysfunction, are fundamental features of major depressive disorder, but it has been difficult for specialists to construct a universally accepted pattern of specific cognitive impairment in this area. Many studies report evidence for cognitive bias (i.e., an excessive focus on the self or negative stimuli) in depressed or dysphoric individuals compared with non-dysphorics. One researcher posited that there might be three characteristics of abnormal self-conception in depression: increased self-focus, attribution of negative emotions to one's own self and increased cognitive processing of the self.

We hypothesize that individuals with major depressive disorder suffer from abnormal self-processing based on theories of self and self-abnormality in depression.

It is believed that the ability to conceptualize the self is unique to human beings. Self-awareness can be determined by the composition of specific information for individuals, for example, by identifying oneself in a mirror. The self-face symbolizes distinct self-characteristics of humans and represents a
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Contact: Jia Hongxiao
jhxlj@ccmu.edu.cn
Science China Press
Source:Eurekalert  

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Chinese researchers describe impaired self-face recognition in those with major depressive disorder
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