Navigation Links
Children's self-control is associated with their body mass index as adults
Date:8/15/2012

Cincinnati, OH, August 16, 2012 As adults, we know that self-control and delaying gratification are important for making healthful eating choices, portion control, and maintaining a healthy weight. However, exhibiting these skills at a young age actually may affect weight later in life. A new study scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics finds that delaying gratification longer at 4 years of age is associated with having a lower body mass index (BMI) 30 years later.

Between 1968 and 1974, 653 4-year-olds completed a delay of gratification test, in which the children were given one treat, such as a cookie or a marshmallow, and were told that they would be given a second treat if they could wait to eat the first treat for an unspecified length of time (it ended up being 15 minutes). (A video of children trying to delay gratification can be found at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6EjJsPylEOY.) Follow-up studies found that delaying gratification for a longer time as a preschooler was associated with adolescent academic strength, social competence, planfulness, ability to handle stress, and higher SAT scores. According to Tanya R, Schlam, PhD, from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health's Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, "Interventions can improve young children's self-control, which may decrease children's risk of becoming overweight and may have further positive effects on other outcomes important to society (general health, financial stability, and a reduced likelihood of being convicted of a crime)."

To further assess the adult benefits of childhood self-control, Dr. Tanya Schlam and colleagues from University of Washington, Columbia University, and University of California, Berkeley, followed-up with study participants (164 responded; 57% female), who are now in their mid-30s, to assess their current BMI (an indicator of body fat), which was cross-referenced with how they did on the delay of gratification test as children. The researchers found that each minute a child delayed gratification predicted a 0.2 decrease in adult BMI. Only 24% of the respondents were overweight and 9% were obese, which is lower than the 2008 national adult average of 34% overweight and another 34% obese.

Fortunately, self-control can be modified and improved. Because large portions and tempting, high-calorie foods usually are readily available (often more so than healthy foods), developing high self-control and ability to delay gratification, along with using other strategies and interventions, can be helpful in regulating caloric intake and achieving a healthy weight, in both children and adults.


'/>"/>

Contact: Monica Helton
journal.pediatrics@cchmc.org
513-636-7140
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Snacking and BMI linked to double effect of brain activity and self-control
2. This your brain on no self-control
3. Hope for patients with HIV-associated cognitive impairment
4. Daily aspirin usage associated with lower cancer mortality
5. In-utero exposure to magnetic fields associated with increased risk of obesity in childhood
6. Moderate alcohol intake is associated with a lower risk of kidney cancer
7. Evolutionary information improves discovery of mutations associated with diseases
8. US Army: Pre-injury cartilage biomarkers associated with subsequent ACL injuries
9. Oral contraceptive use in girls and alcohol consumption in boys are associated with increased BP....
10. Decreasing cancer risk associated with inflammatory bowel disease
11. Antibodies from rabbits reduce risks associated with unrelated donor stem cell transplantation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... February 27, 2017 , ... Hotze ... industry, announces Chris Brandl as its New Guest Director. , Brandl is ... corporations throughout his career. He began his professional career at Omnium Worldwide, now ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The threat of nuclear warfare has long plagued this world. ... the underground testing of nuclear weapons. Years later, when her co-workers began dying, Dot ... War Nuclear Testing,” Clayton exposes the critical decisions made by agencies involved in the ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... Shenzhen, China (PRWEB) , ... February 26, 2017 , ... ... , This pioneer sound and video system brings songs, movies, TV shows and much ... 3D sound offers clear, high-definition sound. An immersive view of 1280 x 720 provides ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 27, 2017 , ... ... hair transplantation therapy, is proud to announce a new informational post on robotic ... procedures. Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) hair transplant and Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) can ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... , ... February 26, 2017 , ... ... for entries to the 7th Edition of International Social Design Awards. , ... Professionals, Product Designers, System Designers, Governments and Institutions worldwide with realized projects and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/27/2017)... 27, 2017 Mederi Therapeutics today announced ... representing 2468 patients who received  Stretta Therapy  to ... " Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Controlled and ... Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease ", was published in ... Fass , MD, head of the Esophageal and ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... , Feb. 27, 2017   Vitasome ® ... nutritional supplements using its groundbreaking new liposome technology. Whereas ... of potency through digestion per Physician,s Desk Reference ... the problem of nutritional waste and are scientifically formulated ... digestive processes Improve bioavailability with a ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... A recent research report published by Grand View Research, Inc. ... reach a value of $55.8 billion by 2025. Earlier in 2016, ... legalized marijuana for medical uses. In 2016, states such as ... North Dakota , Ohio and ... medical applications such as chemotherapies and pain management. The growing number ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: