Navigation Links
Childhood obesity more likely to affect children in poorer neighborhoods
Date:11/12/2012

Children living in poorer neighborhoods are nearly 30 percent more likely to be obese than children in more affluent residences, according to a new study from Rice University.

The study by Rice sociologists Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, director of the Kinder Institute for Urban Research's Urban Health Program, and Justin Denney, associate director of the program, reveals that living in neighborhoods with higher levels of poverty and lower levels of education is associated with increased child obesity risk, regardless of family composition or other individual factors. The research also showed that living in neighborhoods with a higher proportion of foreign-born residents is associated with reduced child obesity risk.

The findings will appear in an upcoming issue of Social Science & Medicine.

The researchers based their conclusions on a comparison of 17,530 5-year-old children living in approximately 4,700 neighborhoods nationwide. They found that children in poorer neighborhoods have 28 percent higher odds of developing obesity, and those in middle-class neighborhoods have 17 percent higher odds, compared to children living in affluent neighborhoods; these statistics take into account such factors as household socioeconomic status, maternal education and how much television the child watches. The researchers also found that children living in neighborhoods with a high proportion of foreign-born residents had approximately 20 percent lower odds of obesity.

Childhood obesity is a significant public health issue, with 31.7 percent of children ages 2-19 overweight or obese, and there is much to be learned about how communities influence the epidemic, Denney said.

"We know there are characteristics specific to families and individual children that are associated with obesity," he said. "Those relationships are pretty well understood at this point, but less well understood are community influences, such as the social and demographic characteristics of the places people live. Neighborhood poverty is associated with childhood obesity above and beyond the poverty status of the child's family and other individual and family characteristics. This tells us there is something about the community that is also influencing childhood obesity."

Kimbro said that while it's clear that neighborhood characteristics matter for obesity risks, policies have not been as concerned with this information or efforts to alleviate the epidemic that's "grabbing hold of kids in this country."

"There are literally thousands of funded individual-level interventions in childhood obesity being tested right now," Kimbro said. "We believe they are well-meaning but possibly misdirected."

Kimbro hopes this study will encourage exploration of neighborhood programs to address risk factors for childhood obesity.

"There have to be individual-level interventions, but this paper shows that there is something going on at the community level that's clearly very important to address," she said.


'/>"/>

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New study identifies promising, achievable solutions to Nigerias childhood mortality crisis
2. Symptomatic behaviour in childhood strongly predicts psychiatric treatment as a young adult
3. Study identifies potential treatment for lethal childhood leukemia
4. Childhood Obesity May Raise Odds of Adult Liver Cancer
5. IADR/AADR publish studies on severe early childhood caries - proposes new classification
6. Could the Childhood Obesity Epidemic Be Ebbing?
7. Better health in adulthood starts with early prevention in childhood
8. Environment key to preventing childhood disabilities
9. Treating childhood obesity: A family affair
10. Pneumonia and preterm birth complications are the leading causes of childhood death
11. Experimental Drug Helps Fight Some Childhood Cancers, Study Finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/19/2017)... ... ... Braun Industries will be participating as an exhibitor at EMS Today 2017. ... 23-25, 2017 at the Calvin L. Rampton Salt Palace Convention Center in Salt Lake ... on display. , “JEMS is a leader in EMS news and education. ...
(Date:2/19/2017)... ... February 19, 2017 , ... ... in better care, and MEDfx and the Delaware Health Information Network (DHIN) have ... As the nation’s first state-wide health information exchange, DHIN stores and shares real-time ...
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... ... Axendia, **FDAnews Free Webinar**, March 1, 2017 — 1:30 p.m. – 2:30 ... regulatory burden? Pay dividends in enhanced and predictable product performance? Streamline processes ...
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... 17, 2017 , ... Butler Mobility invited Ken Matthews to visit its manufacturing ... Ken was impressed with the safety and reliability of the Stannah Stairlift as ... show. This endorsement by Ken Matthews can be heard on News Radio WHP ...
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... Park Cities Pet Sitter ... Show on the Pet Life Radio network. The episode, which was posted this ... topics including: what factors led to Park Cities Pet Sitter’s being awarded the 2017 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/16/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... report to their offering. ... Traditional medical devices include devices (e.g., ... implantables, large endoscopes, needle based drug delivery, lab based diagnostics ... to three decades for the treatment and management of various ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... -- DaVita Inc. (NYSE: DVA ) today announced ... Net income attributable to DaVita Inc. for ... million, or $0.80 per share and $880 million, or $4.29 ... to DaVita Inc. for the quarter and year ended December ... million, or $0.98 per share, and $789 million, or $3.85 ...
(Date:2/16/2017)... 16, 2017  Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... today announced that executive management will participate in the ... February 22-23, 2017. Adrian Adams , Chief Executive ... 1:35 p.m. local time on Wednesday, February 22, 2017. ... the event may be accessed from the Investors section ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: