Navigation Links
Childhood obesity more likely to affect children in poorer neighborhoods
Date:11/12/2012

Children living in poorer neighborhoods are nearly 30 percent more likely to be obese than children in more affluent residences, according to a new study from Rice University.

The study by Rice sociologists Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, director of the Kinder Institute for Urban Research's Urban Health Program, and Justin Denney, associate director of the program, reveals that living in neighborhoods with higher levels of poverty and lower levels of education is associated with increased child obesity risk, regardless of family composition or other individual factors. The research also showed that living in neighborhoods with a higher proportion of foreign-born residents is associated with reduced child obesity risk.

The findings will appear in an upcoming issue of Social Science & Medicine.

The researchers based their conclusions on a comparison of 17,530 5-year-old children living in approximately 4,700 neighborhoods nationwide. They found that children in poorer neighborhoods have 28 percent higher odds of developing obesity, and those in middle-class neighborhoods have 17 percent higher odds, compared to children living in affluent neighborhoods; these statistics take into account such factors as household socioeconomic status, maternal education and how much television the child watches. The researchers also found that children living in neighborhoods with a high proportion of foreign-born residents had approximately 20 percent lower odds of obesity.

Childhood obesity is a significant public health issue, with 31.7 percent of children ages 2-19 overweight or obese, and there is much to be learned about how communities influence the epidemic, Denney said.

"We know there are characteristics specific to families and individual children that are associated with obesity," he said. "Those relationships are pretty well understood at this point, but less well understood are community influences, such as the social and demographic characteristics of the places people live. Neighborhood poverty is associated with childhood obesity above and beyond the poverty status of the child's family and other individual and family characteristics. This tells us there is something about the community that is also influencing childhood obesity."

Kimbro said that while it's clear that neighborhood characteristics matter for obesity risks, policies have not been as concerned with this information or efforts to alleviate the epidemic that's "grabbing hold of kids in this country."

"There are literally thousands of funded individual-level interventions in childhood obesity being tested right now," Kimbro said. "We believe they are well-meaning but possibly misdirected."

Kimbro hopes this study will encourage exploration of neighborhood programs to address risk factors for childhood obesity.

"There have to be individual-level interventions, but this paper shows that there is something going on at the community level that's clearly very important to address," she said.


'/>"/>

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New study identifies promising, achievable solutions to Nigerias childhood mortality crisis
2. Symptomatic behaviour in childhood strongly predicts psychiatric treatment as a young adult
3. Study identifies potential treatment for lethal childhood leukemia
4. Childhood Obesity May Raise Odds of Adult Liver Cancer
5. IADR/AADR publish studies on severe early childhood caries - proposes new classification
6. Could the Childhood Obesity Epidemic Be Ebbing?
7. Better health in adulthood starts with early prevention in childhood
8. Environment key to preventing childhood disabilities
9. Treating childhood obesity: A family affair
10. Pneumonia and preterm birth complications are the leading causes of childhood death
11. Experimental Drug Helps Fight Some Childhood Cancers, Study Finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... ... campaign, advocating for active, healthy lifestyles and highlighting the importance of proactive eye ... hearing impairments and shares the latest innovations in hearing aid technology. , ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... Hernandez Insurance Agencies, a northern ... the greater DC region, is inaugurating a “New Leash On Life” charity initiative ... training them to be companions for veterans in need. , The Semper K9 ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 18, 2017 , ... ... and financial planning firm that serves residential and commercial clients in the greater ... drive to raise community support for the fight against cancer. , Founded by ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... , ... Alcovit, a lime-flavored beverage that rids the body of toxins linked ... now available through Jet.com. , After 25 years of development, the company released ... to quickly detox the body thereby avoiding alcohol-induced hangovers. Whether you’re having fun with ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... ... Narrow Roads”: a vivid and provocative look into the narrow path toward god. “Three ... currently the pastor-teacher-visionary at Simply the WORD Church, a global prayer ministry and the ... towards youth. , King shares, “When I take time to think about the character ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/4/2017)... , Aug. 4, 2017 The search for ... after a physician/patient consult has long been the goal ... a notable focus of the largest meeting of lab ... to healthcare market research firm Kalorama Information.  The firm ... (POCT) offerings or related supplies and software were at ...
(Date:8/2/2017)... Fenita J. Caldwell is ... Lifetime Professional in the Field of Healthcare. Caldwell ... Pharmaceuticals, AG. Her skills and areas of expertise ... Fenita ... experience as a highly successful sales specialist in ...
(Date:8/2/2017)... CaryRx, a next-generation full-service pharmacy, has announced the launch of ... Washington D.C. metropolitan area. CaryRx aims ... medications through the convenience of its patient-friendly mobile app. Prescriptions ... hour to any location in D.C. ... to Washington D.C. ," says Areo Nazari ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: