Navigation Links
Child-size mannequin: Hands-on training spares real patients
Date:5/16/2011

Rice University bioengineering students have modified a child-size training mannequin to give medical students hands-on pediatric experience so that real patients can be spared further stress and pain.

The students created Ped.IT, short for Pediatric Evaluation Device Intended for Training, as their senior design project at the request of doctors at Texas Children's Hospital (TCH) who have long recognized the need for students to get hands-on experience in pediatrics without having to subject young patients to additional probing and exams.

"I've been trying since 2003 to develop a mannequin, but I didn't have the bioengineering skills," said Amy Middleman, a pediatrician at TCH and associate professor at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), which funded the project. "For a long time I've wanted to be able to teach medical students physical exam skills without having to use patients who are not feeling well and whose parents really aren't comfortable with medical students coming in to examine them."

Having tried and failed to work with medical device manufacturers, Middleman found her way to Rice's Oshman Engineering Design Kitchen (OEDK) and its director, Maria Oden, a professor in the practice of engineering education.

Oden pitched the idea to student teams at the start of the fall semester. The four students who stepped up -- Kshitij Manchanda, Zachary Henderson, Minsuk Kwak and Michelle Thorson -- succeeded in modifying a stock medical training mannequin to TCH's specs, with help from their Rice adviser, Renata Ramos, a lecturer in bioengineering.

Ped.IT (which students have dubbed the "MiddleMannequin" in honor of their mentor) began as a hard-shell mannequin donated by a manufacturer, Laerdal. The team replaced the neck and midriff areas of the plastic with simulated skin and added the simulated liver and spleen, that TCH requested. The students went beyond the call of duty by adding simulated lymph nodes, and they left room for more organs to be added by future OEDK teams.

"There are a lot of conditions our mentors at Texas Children's would like to see in a future version of the mannequin, including an enlarged thyroid and tonsils," Henderson said. "They would also like joints that could be popped out of place and put back in."

Computer-controlled actuators in the 4-foot-long mannequin allow medical students to change the organs from normal to enlarged states.

To create the effect, team members spent time at TCH feeling the livers and spleens of patients willing to help. Rice and Texas Children's are in close proximity in Houston's Texas Medical Center.

"We were completely confused about how a liver actually felt," Manchanda said. "Is it as hard as a rock? As soft as a pillow? I didn't know what the middle ground was. So when I felt them, I thought, 'Oh, this feels like Tempur-Pedic.' You could squeeze and it will come back to its shape."

Tempur-Pedic, best known as material for mattresses, was the right stuff for simulating organs. Another material, Dermasol, was used to simulate skin. "I feel like we've set a good groundwork for materials and the way to make a mannequin that is useful for the physical exam," Thorson said.

"We don't have anything like this in pediatrics," said Jennifer Arnold, medical director of the TCH Pediatric Simulation Center and a BCM assistant professor of pediatrics. "In fact, there's nothing quite like this in the adult world, either. I think there are huge possibilities for commercialization."

Arnold is already talking with manufacturers. "Laerdal is interested," she said. "Now we get to take this back to them and say, 'Hey, do you think you would be interested in helping us mass-produce this, so that every medical school -- even, potentially, every nursing school -- could use this to train their students?'

"This is very sophisticated in what it does right now for physical diagnosis, so I'm very excited. I think there's a need."

"We have been just thrilled," Middleman said. "I've been dreaming about this for years, and it's the students who have really brought this to fruition. I could not be happier. I'm so excited that we've started on the way to developing this."


'/>"/>

Contact: David Ruth
druth@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Hands-On Training May Save Workers in Hazardous Jobs
2. Hands-Only CPR May Work Best for Cardiac Arrest
3. Can Hands-On Prayer Help Heal?
4. Hands-on osteopathic treatment cuts hospital stays for pneumonia patients
5. Penn State to focus on obesity prevention training
6. Health care alliance for tobacco dependence treatment launches training in Mexico
7. Health-care alliance for tobacco dependence treatment launches training in the Middle East
8. Music Training May Help Keep Aging Brain Healthy
9. International training to assist governments of 5 African nations in detecting poor-quality drugs
10. Training future doctors to enlist patients as partners in care
11. Progressive Weight Training Can Boost Seniors Strength
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/30/2016)... California (PRWEB) , ... May 30, 2016 , ... ... easy to use inside of FCPX," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel ... exclusively for use within Final Cut Pro X. Choose from abstract transitions to ...
(Date:5/29/2016)... , ... May 29, 2016 , ... Whole Health Supply ... their new KlipPro KP-240L clipper is available to the public. This is an unusual ... substantially wider than the average clipper. , Everything about this product is concentrated on ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... Hartford, CT (PRWEB) , ... May 28, 2016 , ... After a year and a ... report it was an extraordinary event. The Multiple Pathways of Recovery Conference was held ... from across the country and the United Kingdom came together to explore the many pathways ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... W.S. Badger Co. Inc ., the maker of ... recognized as one of the best small businesses for new dads by Fatherly, the ... small businesses providing progressive benefits to new parents on the organization’s 2016 Best ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... In response to meager public ... unaware of the plight of aphasia. In collaboration with the American Aphasia Association, ... , The link between stroke and aphasia is relatively unknown, but through collaboration ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... -- Hutchison China MediTech (Chi-Med) (HCM) ... highly lucrative global oncology and immunology markets. HCM ... or best-in-class tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) drugs, some ... HCM,s profitable Chinese healthcare business continues to benefit ... of the mid-to-late-stage pipeline during 2016-17 (including US ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... A key trend that will ... of new treatments. Cardax, a development stage life sciences ... therapy is expected to fulfil large unmet medical needs ... studies to develop new treatments for osteoarthritis. One such ... in osteoarthritis are being investigated, and early trials of ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... According to a new market ... 4D), by Therapeutic Area (Oncology, Cosmeceutical/Plastic Surgery), by Application ... Manufacturers, Hospitals/ Clinics) - Forecast to 2021", published by ... for the forecast period of 2016 to 2021. This ... 2021 from USD 117.3 Million in 2016, at a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: