Navigation Links
Child Care May Lead to Unwanted Weight Gain in Infants

Lack of breast-feeding and early introduction of solid foods may be to blame, study says

MONDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- Infants cared for by caregivers other than their parents tend to gain more weight than children cared for by their parents, a new study says.

And children receiving regular care from people other than their parents are also less likely to be breast-fed and more likely to be introduced to solid foods early, the researchers found.

"The current study suggests this risk is greater among children sent to child care early than among children kept under parental supervision," said Dr. David Katz, director of the Yale University School of Medicine's Prevention Research Center, who was not involved in the study.

Other studies have suggested that breast-feeding for up to the first 12 months of life may confer protection against obesity, so that may be one of the factors at work here, Katz said, referring to the study. "Feeding practices that take place in child-care settings may also be part of the formula," he said.

More and more evidence suggests that the threat of excess weight gain and obesity is taking hold in America's nurseries, Katz said. "Studies show obesity emerging as a problem even in the first year of life. This, in turn, results in a higher risk of diabetes in youth, and lifelong obesity and its many consequences."

For the new study, Juhee Kim, of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Karen E. Peterson, of the Harvard School of Public Health, collected data on more than 8,100 nine-month-old infants. During home visits, between 2001 and 2002, the infants were weighed and measured, and the researchers gathered information about how the children were cared for.

Fifty-five percent of the children received regular care from someone other than a parent. Of these, half were in full-time child care, 40.3 percent began child care when they were younger than 3 months old, 39.3 percent began child care when they were between 3 and 5.9 months old, and 20.7 percent began child care when they were 6 months or older.

Children who started child care when they were younger than 3 months old were less likely to be breast-fed and more likely to start solid foods, compared with children cared for by parents.

Moreover, children in part-time child care gained about 0.4 more pounds over nine months than infants cared for by their parents. And children who were cared for by relatives gained about 0.35 more pounds, were also introduced to solid food early, and were less likely to be breast-fed, the researchers said.

Early introduction to solid food and lack of breast-feeding are established factors for weight gain, Kim and Peterson noted.

"Our study results provide new evidence that child care influences both infant feeding practices and risk of overweight at least during infancy," the study authors wrote. "Thus, more research is needed to understand the mechanisms by which these early child care factors and infant feeding practices affect subsequent risk for childhood overweight."

The study findings were published in the July issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Katz said: "Factors such as economic challenges, lack of spouse or supportive family nearby, long and inflexible work hours, might be the root causes for differential weight gain among newborns. The only reliable way to address such potentially deep-seated causes of childhood obesity is to ensure that knowledge of healthful eating, and access to affordable, healthful choices, is the norm both at home and everywhere else."

Another report in the same issue of the journal found that adults who had good nutrition in early childhood score better on intelligence tests, regardless of how many years they spent in school.

For the study, U.S. researchers gave some Guatemalan children a protein-rich enhanced nutritional supplement called atole, between 1969 and 1977. Other children were given sugar sweetened beverages.

From 2002 to 2004, 1,448 of the study participants, then 32 years old, on average, were given intelligence tests. The researchers found that those who had been exposed to atole had higher scores on intelligence tests of reading comprehension and cognitive function, compared with those not given atole.

More information

To learn more about infant nutrition, visit the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

SOURCES: David L. Katz, M.D., M.P.H., director, Prevention Research Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.; July 2008, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Children of depressed moms do better when dad is involved, SLU researcher finds
2. High pollution linked to poor lung function growth in children in Mexico City
3. Genetic predisposition increases childhood asthma risk
4. NYC-area 1st: Morgan Stanley Childrens Hospital performs transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement
5. Obese Children Miss More School Days
6. Treating diabetes during pregnancy can break link to childhood obesity
7. Ultra-Runner to Run 63 Marathons in 63 Days for Children with Incurable Disease
8. Chinas 1-child policy could backfire on its elderly
9. Psoriasis Cure Now offers Back to School Resources for Parents of Children with Psoriasis
10. Researchers estimate about 9 percent of US children age 8 to 15 meet criteria for having ADHD
11. Majority of 2.4 Million U.S. Children With ADHD Not Diagnosed or Consistently Treated, According to New Gold Standard Study by Cincinnati Childrens Researchers
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/9/2015)... Beach, CA (PRWEB) , ... October 09, 2015 ... ... is now offering a special promotion on Invisalign, the orthodontic system that uses ... reasons. The aligners are almost invisible against the teeth, which allow patients to ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... ... October 09, 2015 , ... On Saturday, September 26, ... Jump Rope Championship in Madrid, Spain. Representing both the USA and Sweden in the ... Unders and One-Minute Am Front Crosses, she was awarded 1 Silver and 4 Gold ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... , ... October 09, 2015 , ... ... New Orleans and the surrounding communities, is initiating a combined charity effort with ... for unwanted animals in southern Louisiana. , Animal Rescue New Orleans is ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... , ... October 09, 2015 , ... ... upcoming episode of Innovations with Ed Begley Jr., airing 1st QT 2016 via ... will educate audiences on MMJ Phytotech Limited (MMJ) – a global leader in ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... ... October 09, 2015 , ... ... oldest and largest recreational dispensaries in Colorado, says the latest figures on the ... rapidly and maturing into a legitimate industry. , Last month, according to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
... of Medicine (BUSM) have found that some medical inpatients ... intervention. The BUSM study appears in the May issue ... . , "Brief intervention shows promise for increasing receipt ... cognitive functioning or an alcohol- attributable diagnosis," said lead ...
... on human genome , , THURSDAY, April 23 (HealthDay News) -- ... has succeeded in sequencing the entire genome of the placid, ... biology of this bovine and related creatures (even humans), and ... two reports in the April 24 issue of Science ...
... Harvard Medical School today announced the launch ... cancer and other prostate conditions understand the issues related ... treatment. The website, , was ... medical oncology and urologic cancer. This website is especially ...
... Keeping Michigan Workers Working!LANSING, Mich., April 23 May ... MICHIGAN will hold a summit involving 120 of Michigan,s ... Workability in Michigan, , ... professions and organizations who are passionate about promoting safer, ...
... MR procedure that uses diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) to determine ... benign may help reduce unnecessary breast biopsies, according to ... in Bethesda, MD. DWI is a method that produces ... compartments (diffusion). , The study included 80 patients ...
... tubo ovarian abscesses help women avoid surgery, according to ... MA. Tubo ovarian abscesses (TOAs) are an infected collection ... They can occur in patients with complicated cases of ... study included 54 TOAs in 46 patients. Results showed ...
Cached Medicine News:
(Date:10/9/2015)... October 9, 2015 ... The report summarizes key statistics ... status of the manufacturers making it ... direction for companies and individuals interested ... . --> ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... N.Y. , Oct. 9, 2015 ... world,s largest provider of health care products and services ... reminded its customers that the Henry Schein Disaster Relief ... experience operational, logistical or financial issues as a result ... . The toll-free number for all Henry ...
(Date:10/9/2015)... 9, 2015   Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... 3 clinical study of telotristat etiprate has been accepted for ... to be held from October 15-17, in Austin, ... who completed the randomized treatment portion of the TELESTAR study ... session. --> --> Telotristat ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
... , SARASOTA, Fla., Nov. 6 Roper Industries, ... it has signed a definitive agreement to acquire Verathon, ... The Verathon Board of Directors has approved the transaction ... and closing conditions, including shareholder approval. The parties ...
... Companies (ASMC), an informal working group of mid-market and ... 3962, the "Affordable Health Care for America Act," introduced ... fear that the cumulative effect of a host of ... bring new medicines to market. , From ...
Cached Medicine Technology:
... Sensor Intravascular Mikro-Tip Pressure Catheters; Millar ... dual pressure sensor catheters for simultaneous ... are suitable for measuring pressure gradients ... across a vascular stenosis. The catheters ...
... the United States dying from Sudden Cardiac Death ... recommended that AEDs be used as a standard ... Any AED can provide a life-saving shock during ... continuous monitoring capabilities during and after resuscitation. Plus ...
... These catheters are indicated ... soft emboli and thrombi from ... These catheters may also be ... blood vessels, infusion of fluids, ...
... catheter is designed to remove thrombus ... saline jets travel backwards at half ... a low pressure zone causing a ... the catheter where it is fragmented ...
Medicine Products: