Navigation Links
Changing trends in hip fracture incidence around the world
Date:4/12/2011

Osteoporosis constitutes a major public health problem through its association with age-related fractures, most notably those of the hip. As life expectancy rises around the world, along with the number of elderly people in every geographic region, the incidence of hip fractures is estimated to reach 6.3 million in 2050 - assuming a constant age-specific rate of fracture in men and women. A new review paper by a scientific working group of the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) shows however that age-specific hip fracture rates have changed during recent decades decreasing in some countries or regions while increasing in others. The review examines some possible reasons for these trends and calls for further research.

The authors examined published literature which addressed trends in the incidence of hip and other fragility fractures around the world and concluded that studies in western populations (including North America, Europe and Oceania) have generally reported clear increases in hip fracture incidence until around 1980, with rates then reaching a plateau or decreasing during the following decades. In contrast, the fewer studies in Asia suggest that age-specific rates may be increasing in the region.

Published today in Osteoporosis International, the review* also examines the mechanisms which might explain the worldwide trends in fracture incidence. What demographic or environmental factors have caused changes to trends in age-adjusted hip fracture rates in Western countries? The potential contributors could be a change in the frequency of risk factors for fracture which affect people in later life; a change in the frequency of risk factors influencing bone strength in early life; and changes in the demographic structure of the population. For example, the increase in age-adjusted hip fracture rates in the second half of the last century seen in certain countries may be explained by changes in pattern of physical inactivity, vitamin D insufficiency and increasing survival of the frail elderly. However the reasons for a plateau or decrease in rates are still not clear and require further investigation.

Professor Cyrus Cooper, director of the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit at the University of Southampton and Professor of Musculoskeletal Science at the NIHR Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit at the University of Oxford (UK) emphasized the importance of the review and the need for further research. "It is interesting to see that, in recent decades, the incidence rate of hip fractures have been reported to increase, plateau or decrease in different countries. There is evidently a need for further research to pinpoint the reasons for the decline in rates observed in some regions, as this may help us understand ways to reduce rates of hip fracture worldwide. Data on continuing trends in fragility fracture need to be collected and evaluated as the trends will impact on worldwide economic evaluations of the future burden of osteoporosis and its related fractures."


'/>"/>

Contact: L. Misteli
info@iofbonehealth.org
41-229-940-100
International Osteoporosis Foundation
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Songbirds strategy for changing its tune could inform rehab efforts
2. The changing roles of 2 hemispheres in stroke recovery
3. Changing Parental Behavior May Help Obese Kids Lose Weight
4. Blood-thinning treatment standards changing for heart patients, new research shows
5. Color-changing blast badge detects exposure to explosive shock waves
6. Practice-changing studies on how oncologists treat cancer to be presented at ASTRO Annual Meeting
7. Colorado researcher discovers mechanism for changing adult cells into stem-like cells
8. Study shows behaviors and attitudes towards oral sex are changing
9. Health Podcast by World-Renowned Health Educator Celebrates 100th Episode and Continues to Offer Life-Changing Advice
10. Nurse educators changing the world highlighted in new book
11. Changing young peoples eating habits
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/13/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... February 13, 2016 , ... With ... particle overlays to footage all within Final Cut Pro X. Each user can select ... over 3D rotation, angle of view, blur, focus offset, hue, saturation, value, contrast, glow, ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... ... 13, 2016 , ... In the early or “honeymoon” stage of a relationship, ... out of their way to be romantic, and may exaggerate a strength or two ... online dating profile. , A recent study from Queendom.com , however, suggests ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Washington, DC (PRWEB) , ... ... ... the Siemens Foundation today announced a new initiative—the Siemens Foundation-PATH Ingenuity Fellowships—to ... settings. The partnership will recruit top students from U.S. universities who will ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... , ... As a former television executive, owner Tal Rabinowitz knows how stressful ... decompress, Rabinowitz found herself drawn to a casual meditation class while working at NBC ... implementing a 20-minute-per-day meditation practice with her team. After her tenure at NBC, she ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Every winter, someone is killed, injured or loses a home in an accident ... of the Allegheny Health Network, has partnered with Etna Volunteer Fire Department, and Monroeville ... , “Space Heaters Need Space” aims to bring awareness to the risks ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... --  HeartWare International, Inc . (NASDAQ: HTWR ) ... its financial results for the three and 12 months ... at 8:00 a.m. ET.  The company plans to release ... webcast.  On the conference call and webcast, management will ... quarter and business outlook.   --> ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Feb. 12, 2016  Sequent Medical, Inc. ... a study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of ... treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms.  Prof Laurent Spelle ... in Paris, France and Principal ... France and Germany.  Although ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... 2016  Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Nasdaq: ARLZ ) ... will ring the Nasdaq Closing Bell at the Nasdaq ... at 4:00 p.m. ET on Tuesday, February 16, ... Adrian Adams , will perform the honorary bell ... p.m. ET.  A live webcast will be available at: ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: