Navigation Links
Cervical cancer screening: Too many are left unprotected
Date:9/19/2007

New York, 19 September, 2007 The decline in cervical cancer is a success story of cancer research. Although there are reasons to be optimistic about even further decreases in cervical cancer incidence, there still remain some women who are not screened. A meta-analysis by Spence and colleagues published in the August-September 2007 issue of Preventive Medicine shows that undergoing Pap smears irregularly or never was the primary explanation for the development of invasive cervical cancer, followed by false negative tests and poor follow-up of abnormal results.

Papanicolaou and Traut first reported the usefulness of the Papanicolaou smear (''Pap test") for detecting neoplastic cervical cells in 1943. A smear of cells of the uterine cervix indicating the progression of the cancer's growing malignity provided a powerful screening tool that became rapidly used after WWII without its efficacy being evaluated in a randomized control trial. In the United States, the Pap test is credited with having halved the annual cervical cancer incidence rate (from 17.2 to 8.0 per 100,000) and mortality rate (from 6.2 to 2.9) from 1973 to 1999. In 2000, 83% of U.S. women age 18 and older who had not had a hysterectomy reported having had a Pap test within the past 3 years. The recent discovery of a vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV), the main cause of cervical cancer, opens the way to the primary prevention of the disease.

The natural history of cervical cancer progression combined with the availability of an HPV vaccine and an effective screening test indicate that eradication of the disease is a plausible objective. To reach that goal, however, it is important not to give up on the minority of women who do not fully benefit from available prevention methods and unfortunately fail to be reached by health promotion messages. Dr. Eduardo Franco, the studys principal investigator, commented on the findings: Cervical cancer is a sentinel disease of inequity. The socio-economic disparity already seen with availability of screening could aggravate if vaccination fails to reach the daughters of women at greatest risk. Like mothers, like daughters; the latter unvaccinated and unprotected by screening will eventually contribute to the sad reality of cervical cancer statistics in the future. The solution is to adopt vaccination and screening as universal strategies, with the latter modified to make cost-effective use of limited resources.


'/>"/>
Contact: David Evans
da.evans@elsevier.com
212-633-3882
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Virus Level could Predict Cervical Cancer Risk
2. Conventional pap smears techniques to detect cervical cancer are here to stay
3. Smallpox Vaccine May Help Fight Cervical Cancer
4. Virus connection to cervical injury
5. Obesity Increases Risk of Cervical Cancer
6. Reducing The Risk Of Cervical Cancer
7. Improving Fertility In Patients With Cervical Cancer
8. Vaccine for Cervical cancer
9. Test for prenatal chromosomal abnormalities using cervical swab
10. Two New Human Papilloma virus (HPV) vaccines to prevent cervical cancer
11. Cervical spinal injury patients may have more damage left undetected
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 29, 2016 , ... Reltok Nasal Products proudly announces that Boston Medical Products, ... nose and throat specialty, has added the KOTLER NASAL AIRWAY™ to its diverse product ... a newly patented safety device secured by nasal surgeons onto the floor of the ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... media enterprise focused entirely on patients with cancer, today announced that Lynne Malestic, ... as the 2016 CURE® Extraordinary Healer® for Oncology Nursing , which honors ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... and hospice software, outsourced billing and coding services, and Deyta Analytics, recently announced ... hospices providing the highest level of quality as measured from the caregiver’s point ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Pro3rd Grunge is a ... Film Studios’ lower thirds to introduce people, characters, and locations without having to set ... lines, accents, textures and many more design components. Simply select a preset and drag ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Monthly subscription boxes are all the rage, and "My Subscription ... the ZEN BOX , the aromatherapy subscription box. , ZEN BOX delivers three new ... frankincense) and one Zen Blend (like immune boost, sublime sleep or de-stress blends) ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... 2016 Dr. Vivek Ahuja , ... Ste phen Schmidt ... provider of cloud-based software solutions for life sciences, today announced key ... a wealth of insight to a growing business.  This will bolster ... George Phillips joined ArisGlobal in the position of Vice ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016 ... H1 2016" is a report that provides an ... strengthen R&D pipelines by identifying new targets and ... Company Profiles discussed in this H1 2016 ... Riunite Srl, AbbVie Inc., Abiogen Pharma S.p.A., Ablynx ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... TURIN, Italy , April 27, 2016 ... MR-guided linear accelerator (MR-linac) platform will be the focal ... annual meeting of the European Society for Radiotherapy & ... Elekta,s MR-linac integrates a state-of-the-art radiotherapy system and ... a physician to clearly see the patient,s anatomy in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: