Navigation Links
Cell phone studies: While walking or driving, cell phones increase traffic, pedestrian fatalities
Date:3/4/2009

Cell phones are a danger on the road in more ways than one. Two new studies show that talking on the phone while traveling, whether you're driving or on foot, is increasing both pedestrian deaths and those of drivers and passengers, and recommend crackdowns on cell use by both pedestrians and drivers. The new studies, lead-authored by Rutgers University, Newark, Economics Professor Peter D. Loeb, relate the impact of cell phones on accident fatalities to the number of cell phones in use, showing that the current increase in deaths attributed to cell phone use follows a period when cell phones actually helped to reduce pedestrian and traffic fatalities. However, this reduction in fatalities disappeared once the numbers of phones in use reached a "critical mass" of 100 million, the study found.

These studies looked at cell phone use and motor vehicle accidents from 1975 through 2002, and factored in a number of variables, including vehicle speed, alcohol consumption, seat belt use, and miles driven.

The studies found the cell phone-fatality correlation to be true even when weighing in factors such as speed, alcohol consumption, and seat belt use.

Loeb and his co-author determined that, at the current time, cell phone use has a "significant adverse effect on pedestrian safety" and that "cell phones and their usage above a critical threshold adds to motor vehicle fatalities." In the late 1980s and part of the 1990s, before the numbers of phones exploded, cell phone use actually had a "life-saving effect" in pedestrian and traffic accidents, Loeb notes. "Cell-phone users' were able to quickly call for medical assistance when involved in an accident. This quick medical response actually reduced the number of traffic deaths for a time," Loeb hypothesizes.

However, this was not the case when cells were first used in the mid-1980s, when they caused a "life-taking effect" among pedestrians, drivers and passengers in vehicles. In those early days, when there were fewer than a million phones, fatalities increased, says Loeb, because drivers and pedestrians probably were still adjusting to the novelty of using them, and there weren't enough cell phones in use to make a difference in summoning help following an accident, he explains.

The "life-saving effect" occurred as the volume of phones grew into the early 1990s, and increasing numbers of cells were used to call 911 following accidents, leading to a drop in fatalities, explains Loeb. But this life-saving effect was canceled out once the numbers of phones reached a "critical mass" of about 100 million and the "life-taking effect" increased accidents and fatalities -- outweighed the benefits of quick access to 911 services, according to Loeb.

"The cell phone effect on pedestrian fatalities" (Transportation Research Part E, Elsevier, Vol. 45, Issue 1, January 2009, with William A. Clarke, Bentley University, Waltham, MA,) looked at pedestrian fatalities related to cell phone use; the still-to-be-released "The impact of cell phones and BAC Laws on Motor Vehicle Fatality Rates" (Applied Economics, Loeb, Clarke and Richard Anderson, New Jersey City University), examines all cell-related traffic fatalities. Loeb and his co-authors used econometric models to analyze data from a number of government and private studies, including those by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the Department of Transportation, MADD, and the U.S. Census Bureau, among others.

He and his co-authors recommend that governments consider more aggressive policies to reduce cell phone use by both drivers and pedestrians, to reduce the number of fatalities.


'/>"/>

Contact: Carla Capizzi
capizzi@andromeda.rutgers.edu
973-353-5262
Rutgers University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Slowed Brain-Activity in Frequent Mobile Phone Users
2. New report on mobile phone research published
3. ReCellular Named Exclusive Cell Phone Recycling Partner for Consumer Cellular
4. Hospitals Say New Cordless Phone Helps Communication With Patients Who Speak Diverse Languages
5. PhoneTree Announces New Patient Messaging Product and Pricing Options
6. Sentry Telecare Establishes Partnering Program to Market Telephone Check-in and Personal Emergency Response Service
7. Blue Cross Stop Smoking Phone Coaching Enrollments Jumped in October
8. Cell Phones Put Traffic on Hold
9. Report Urges More Research Into Cell Phones
10. Telephone Nursing an Important Component of Managed Healthcare
11. VIDEO from Medialink and Siemens: Doctors Trade in their Stethoscopes for Microphones
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The Radiology Business Management Association (RBMA) ... legislative activity and the latest regulatory concerns impacting RBMA members. The Legislative Education ... will continue through Monday, Sept. 11, at the Ritz-Carlton, Tysons Corner in Mclean, ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... A new ... states with the healthiest seniors are located in the Midwest. With the average cost ... and more people are concerned with both the quality and affordability of where they ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... On May 24, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projected that the amended ... would result in 23 million Americans losing their health insurance by 2026 as compared ... Affordable Care Act (ACA). , “It is clear from the CBO analysis that ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Silver Birch of Hammond, ... is located on more than four acres of land at 5620 Sohl Avenue in ... The 103,000 square-foot building includes 125 studio and one-bedroom apartments. Each of the private ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... “When the Stars Lead Home”: ... the creation of published author Laura Weigel Douglas, an avid reader who lives in ... house that sometimes feels like Green Hills Adventure Camp. She couldn’t be more grateful. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2017)... May 4, 2017 Clarius Mobile Health, ... handheld ultrasound scanners this week at the American ... (ACOG) in San Diego, CA ... "Clarius is the perfect tool for clinicians to ... rate, and evaluate pregnancy-related complications like ectopic pregnancy ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... , May 4, 2017   BioLife Solutions ... developer, manufacturer and marketer of proprietary clinical grade ... ("BioLife" or the "Company"), today announced that the Company,s ... market close on Thursday, May 11, 2017, and that ... webcast at 1:30 p.m. PT that afternoon. Management will ...
(Date:5/3/2017)... Pa. , May 3, 2017  West ... in innovative solutions for injectable drug administration, announced ... Scientific Affairs and Technical Services, and Diane ... workshops and offering presentations focused on West,s expertise ... injectable products, as well as providing commentary on ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: