Navigation Links
Catastrophic thoughts about the future linked to suicidal patients

Suicide has been on the increase recently in the United States, currently accounting for almost 40,000 deaths a year. A new study shows that one successful effort to avoid suicide attempts would be to focus on correcting the distorted, catastrophic thoughts about the future that are held by many who try to kill themselves. Such thoughts are unique and characteristic to those who attempt suicide, says Shari Jager-Hyman of the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine in the US. Jager-Hyman led a study, published in Springer's journal Cognitive Therapy and Research, about how distorted thoughts influence suicidal behaviors in patients who seek emergency psychiatric treatment.

The research team recruited a relatively large and ethnically diverse group of 168 participants from emergency departments or psychiatric inpatient units in Philadelphia. Of these, 111 people had attempted suicide in the 30 days prior to the study. The other 57 participants were receiving emergency psychiatric treatment, but had not tried to commit suicide in the two years prior to the study. The research study is the first to use the Inventory of Cognitive Distortions, a 69-item self-report questionnaire designed to be used among various clinical populations, to measure cognitive distortions in people who have recently tried to commit suicide.

The study found that people who attempt suicide are more likely to have distorted thoughts than others. These include the way in which they think about their own self-worth, how they negatively compare themselves to others, and how they generally slap derogatory labels on themselves. This is true even when the effects of depression and feelings of hopelessness are taken into account. The findings add weight to the many theories presented over decades that suicidal people have unique cognitive styles by which they misinterpret or wrongly process experiences or stimuli.

Uniquely, people who made suicide attempts were found to be especially prone to so-called "fortune telling," through which they predict and firmly believe that bad things will happen in the future. Fortune telling is akin to catastrophizing, and does not consider other, more probable outcomes. Importantly, when the researchers took thoughts of hopelessness into account, fortune telling was no longer strongly linked to suicidal attempts. Jager-Hyman and her colleagues believe this is because fortune telling and hopelessness may be overlapping constructs or ideas which share the fear of negative future events.

"To prevent suicides, therapists would benefit from directly targeting patients' thoughts of hopelessness in clinical interventions," says Jager-Hyman. "A cognitive approach can help patients evaluate their beliefs that negative outcomes will inevitably occur, and show them how to entertain other possible options. This can help to minimize patients' thoughts of hopelessness, help them to cope better, and ideally decrease their suicidal ideation and behaviors."


Contact: Alexander Brown
Springer Science+Business Media

Related medicine news :

1. Football-related catastrophic brain injuries on the rise
2. Catastrophic Head Injuries to High School Football Players Rising
3. Semi Truck Accident Victims Center Now Urges Families Of Innocent Victims Of A Catastrophic Accident With A Semi Truck In Any State To Call Them The Best Law Firms
4. Semi Truck Accident Victims Center Now Offers National Caliber Law Firms For Families of Innocent Victims Involved In A Catastrophic Semi Truck Accident in Any US State
5. Catastrophic malpractice payouts add little to health cares rising costs
6. Semi Truck Accident Victim Says It Is Vital For Family Members To Call Us ASAP-If A Loved One Is A Innocent Victim Catastrophic Semi Truck Accident-Nationwide
7. Semi Truck Accident Victims Center Urges Families Of A Innocent Victim Of A Catastrophic Truck Accident To Call Them For Instant Access The Nation's Top Truck Attorneys
8. Semi Truck Accident Victims Center Now Urges Families Of A Innocent Victim Of A Catastrophic Semi Truck Accident In South Dakota To Call Them On The Spot Help
9. Scientists show how cells protect their DNA from catastrophic damage
10. Killing in war linked with suicidal thoughts among Vietnam veterans, study finds
11. Wartime Killing May Raise Veterans Thoughts of Suicide
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... MN (PRWEB) , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... is the latest carrier to offer individual vision insurance plans on ... the unique ability to rate and review products, allowing consumers to compare, quote ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 2015 , ... During the National Family Caregivers Month, the ... webinars on topics of ‘Medical and Palliative Care Decisions,’ and ‘Self-Care for Caregivers.’ ... , With a loved one's diagnosis of mesothelioma, the closest family member is ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... surgery and dermatology, is proud to announce that its ThermiRFR temperature controlled radiofrequency ... ThermiRF is an innovative multi-application radiofrequency platform which uses temperature as a clinical ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... The ... this summer, ushering in a new era of publicly accessible automated technology. Now, ... will continue to offer guests an up-close look at the shuttle at MOSI’s ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... On Saturday, October 24th, 2015, at the Mill Race ... event, a 5K walk known as “Making Strides Against Breast Cancer”. Patients and staff ... also located in Battle Creek, joined in for this campaign that sought to raise ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... Calif. , Nov. 30, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... today that Matt Hogan , Chief ... Oppenheimer Healthcare Conference on Tuesday, December 8 ... is being held at the Westin Grand ... also be available for one-on-one meetings at ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015 Next week, December ... of Things (DoT ) co-located events covering the latest ... Internet of Things, will draw more than 3,000 design ... Convention Center. The events, combined show floor will ... --> --> ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Nautilus Medical Inc. today announced worldwide availability of MatrixRay, ... The release of MatrixRay to the entire medical healthcare ... America) in Chicago - the ... --> --> MatrixRay is the first ... worldwide via a peer-to-peer exchange network of physicians and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: