Navigation Links
Cataract surgery helps AMD patients; steroid improves DME; online eye health forum
Date:11/2/2009

SAN FRANCISCO, CA--- This month's Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology (Academy) reports on a national study that finds cataract surgery is likely to benefit patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) at all stages of the disease, on a clinical trial showing that the steroid triamcinolone may be effective in advanced diabetic macular edema (DME) patients when standard treatment fails, and on the public's use of two Academy-sponsored online eye health forums.

Multicenter Study Finds AMD Patients Benefit from Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery improved vision in patients with any stagefrom mild to advanced AMD in the first study to include an adequate number of advanced AMD patients. Data was obtained from the multicenter, prospective Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS), funded by the National Eye Institute (NEI), which was organized primarily to evaluate the effects of high-dose vitamin and mineral supplements on cataract and AMD. As the American population ages AMD prevalence is expected to rise, and many patients will concurrently develop cataract; both diseases can cause blindness if untreated.

"Earlier epidemiology had suggested cataract surgery might worsen AMD, so the data from the AREDS cohort study were evaluated to answer this important question," said Emily Y. Chew, MD, who led the study for NEI.

The cohort, comprising 1,939 eyes (1,244 patients) with various stages of AMD, was evaluated for visual acuity (sharpness) after cataract surgery. On average, patients with AMD, ranging from mild to advanced, gained visual acuity after cataract surgery; the best gains were in patients with vision worse than20/40 before surgery. No difference in improvement was noted between patients with "wet" (neovascular) or "dry" (central geographic atrophy) AMD. About one year later vision gains remained statistically significant in the 865 eyes available for follow-up. Results for the primary focus of AREDS, regarding the effect of nutritional supplements, showed that high doses of vitamins C, E and beta-carotene did not affect the development or progression of cataract, but this vitamin combination plus zinc did reduce the risk of progression to advanced AMD by 25 percent in the five years of the study.

Steroids Helps Diabetic Macular Edema Patients When Other Treatment Fails

A five-year study based at the University of Sydney, Australia, found that intravitreal triamcinolone (IVTA) effectively improved vision in patients with DME, a form of diabetic retinopathy, whose eyes had continued to deteriorate despite receiving standard laser treatment.

"The majority of patients who improved with IVTA after initial treatment continued to enjoy better vision at the five year conclusion of our clinical trial, and no new safety concerns were found in these patients," said lead researcher Mark Gillies, PhD. "We believe treatment with IVTA may be considered in carefully selected advanced DME patients when standard treatment has failed to improve vision," he added.

In the first three months after treatment, the patients initially treated with both IVTA and laser showed significantly better gains in vision than control group patients, who were treated with laser only. After two years, patients in the original control group were also treated with IVTA. The beneficial effects persisted in most IVTA-treated patients throughout the five-year study; however, 80 percent of patients in the initial IVTA group developed elevated intraocular pressure and 56 percent of them required glaucoma therapy. Also, two-thirds of all patients required cataract surgery during the study period. Similar outcomes have been noted in other studies of steroid-based treatment and thus were not considered new safety concerns by Dr. Gillies' group.

What Do People Ask About in Online Eye Health Forums?

To identify the topics of highest interest to people who access eye health information on line, John C. Hagan, MD, and colleagues analyzed 4,485 questions over six months (September 1, 2008 to March 1, 2009) posted on the "Ask a Doctor: Ophthalmology" and "Eye Care Community" forums sponsored by the Academy on MedHelp (www.medhelp.org ), one of the 10 largest health information websites. Dr. Hagan and three other ophthalmologists provide free, timely advice to a large and growing number of people with eye health and vision problems through these forums. Serious problems, such as life-threatening retinoblastomas in babies, have been caught and treated in time thanks to these forums, as have thousands of other eye and vision problems.

Concerns related to the retina topped the list at nearly 20 percent of all questions; many people asked about "flashes," "floaters," or retinal detachment. About 19 percent of questions were related to the cornea, the clear outer surface of the eye that helps focus light to make vision possible. Cataract and implanted lens questions were next in prevalence, followed by brain-eye problems (neuro-ophthalmology), children's eye alignment (strabismus), eye cancers, and general discomfort or blurry vision. Two-to-three percent of questions related to each of three vision correction topics: refractive surgery (LASIK and others), eyeglasses, or contact lenses. A smaller number were related to eye care products or medical insurance. The analysis also found many people submit postings to express their gratitude for the medical advice provided.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mary Wade
mwade@aao.org
American Academy of Ophthalmology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Cataract Surgery: A Bargain, Despite the Price
2. Physics provides new insights on cataract formation
3. Vitamin E, Lutein May Fight Cataracts
4. New cataract gene discovered
5. Edmond Medical Center to Provide Free Cataract Surgeries
6. MU researchers find clue to cataract formation
7. Alcon Sponsors Online Educational Initiative for Patients Considering Cataract Surgery
8. From outer space to the eye clinic: New cataract early detection technique
9. Cataract Surgery Doesnt Worsen AMD
10. An Incubator or Cataract Surgery for $25? Heart Bypass Surgery for $2,000? See How it Works at Extremely Affordable Health Innovations at The World Health Care Congress, April 14-16, Washington, DC
11. I-Therapeutix Announces First Commercial Use of I-ZIP(R) Adherent Ocular Bandage for Clear Corneal Cataract Incisions
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... established the certification process to promote standards of excellence for the field of ... scheduled for March 22 – 25, 2018 in Orlando, Florida at the Omni ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Many families ... However, many long-term care insurance companies have a waiver for care if the client ... elimination period, when the family pays for care, is often waived, so the benefits ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Talented host, actor Rob ... sciatica in a new episode of "Success Files," which is an award-winning educational ... and investigates each subject in-depth with passion and integrity. , Sciatica occurs when ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... CitiDent and San Francisco dentists, ... cutting-edge Oventus O2Vent technology. As many as 18 million Americans are estimated to ... breathing. Oral appliances can offer significant relief to about 75 percent of people ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... ... Asante, a nationally recognized health system in southern Oregon, ... health joint venture through an agreement, effective October 1, 2017, to create AccentCare ... company with Asante, delivering clinically integrated care, for the past eight years. This ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... 11, 2017  Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ("Hill-Rom") (NYSE: HRC), ... in Las Piedras, Puerto Rico , ... Following a ... sustained minor structural damage, temporary loss of power and ... been completed, manufacturing operations have resumed, and the company ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... Texas , Oct. 6, 2017   Provista, ... with more than $100 billion in purchasing power, today ... news and information. The Newsroom is the ... and industry trends, infographics, expert bios, news releases, slideshows ... having access to a wealth of resources at their ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), influenza vaccination should ... helping communities across Massachusetts , Connecticut ... shots through the end of the month. *Some exclusions apply ... ... is by the end of October, according to the Centers for Disease ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: