Navigation Links
Cases of 'Flattened Head' Babies on the Rise, Study Finds

MONDAY, April 4 (HealthDay News) -- Cases of "flattened head" in infants and young children appear to be on the rise, a new study of babies in Texas indicates.

Incidences of plagiocephaly -- flattening of the skull in either the front or rear of the head -- have reportedly increased since the American Academy of Pediatrics first recommended in 1992 that infants be put to sleep on their back to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), said the researchers.

The new study appears to confirm that. The researchers reviewed data from the Texas Birth Defects Registry and identified cases of plagiocephaly reported between 1999 and 2007. During that time, the number of cases rose from three to 28.8 per 10,000 live births -- a more than ninefold increase.

The total number of reported cases during the study period was 6,295, and the average number of cases rose by more than 21 percent per year. A large part of the statewide increase occurred in the Dallas/Fort Worth region, where the prevalence of plagiocephaly increased 23.2 times, from 2.6 to 60.5 cases per 10,000 live births.

The increase in cases in Texas was seen in all subgroups, whether based on mother's age, race/ethnicity, education level or on an infant factor such as sex or gestational age.

"A small part of this might have been due to delayed compliance with the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation for supine infant sleeping and a slight increase in preterm births," wrote a team led by Shane U. Sheu, from the Texas Department of State Health Services.

However, pediatric experts were quick to say that the finding should in no way dissuade parents from protecting their babies from SIDS by placing them to sleep on their backs.

"The recommendation for sleeping the babies on their backs in early infancy still stands, for the tragedy of SIDS does not compare to a flattened occiput [back of head]," said Dr. Peter Richel, chief of pediatrics at Northern Westchester Hospital in Mount Kisco, NY. "So we continue to recommend back sleeping until babies turn over on their own [at approximately 6 months of age]. Also, the incidence of SIDS is greatest in the first six months of life, so this works out well."

Another expert wasn't surprised by the Texas findings, and stressed that skull flattening is usually easily corrected.

"Now that young infants are sleeping on their back, it is not surprising that a small but increased number are exhibiting asymmetries in the skull shape," said Dr. Andrew Adesman, chief, developmental & behavioral pediatrics at the Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York in New Hyde Park, N.Y.

"In many cases, these asymmetries will improve or disappear over time once the child is spending more time sitting up or standing," he added. "Parents who are concerned about their infant's skull shape should discuss this with their pediatrician, who may provide them with some simple suggestions with respect to sleep positioning and crib location. Even children with more severe skull asymmetries can be effectively treated using other approaches such as a 'molding helmet.'"

According to Richel, these helmets are typically advised for babies with "significant" flattening of the skull, and are worn for 4 months on average. "This reshapes the skull as the brain and skull continue to grow," he explained. "At the time the use of the helmet is discontinued, the babies are more mobile and spend less time supine. This is done not for medical reasons, but more for aesthetic reasons, and the helmet use is neither painful nor harmful."

The study appears online and in the August print issue of the journal Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development has more about plagiocephaly.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCES: Peter Richel, M.D., chief, pediatrics, Northern Westchester Hospital, Mount Kisco, N.Y.; Andrew Adesman, chief, developmental & behavioral pediatrics, Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, New Hyde Park, N.Y.; JAMA/Archives journals, news release, April 4, 2011

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. In San Diego, Hispanics Now Dominate HIV/TB Cases
2. Prednisolone not benficial in most cases of community-acquired pneumonia
3. Avoiding Dairy Due to Lactose Intolerance is Unnecessary in Most Cases and May Pose Diet and Health Risks, Concludes National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Conference Panel
4. National Patient Advocate Foundation Delivers Constituent Cases to White House Health Summit Participants to Urge Elimination of Pre-Existing Conditions, Annual/Lifetime Limits and Capping Out-of-Pocket Expenses
5. CareTech Solutions Showcases Web Portal for Hospital Boards and Administrators at HIMSS10
6. Red Hot Artist Renea Menzies Has Flower Power; Houston, Texas Artist Renea Menzies Showcases Her Work in NY
7. Orion Health Showcases Industry Leading EHR Software at WoHIT
8. Hair Alcohol Test Kit to Help in Third of Care Cases
9. Women bear caregiving responsibility in cases of dependency in Spain
10. Rapid development of drug-resistant 2009 H1N1 influenza reported in 2 cases
11. Officials See Uptick in H1N1 Swine Flu Cases
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Cases of 'Flattened Head' Babies on the Rise, Study Finds
(Date:6/26/2016)... Clarkston, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 ... ... respect to fertility once they have been diagnosed with endometriosis. These women need ... but they also require a comprehensive approach that can help for preservation of ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture animations, FCPX ... Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package transforms over ... Cut Pro X . Simply select a ProHand generator and drag it above media ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... , ... On Friday, June 10, Van Mitchell, Secretary of the Maryland Department ... in recognition of their exemplary accomplishments in worksite health promotion. , The Wellness at ... Wellness Symposium at the BWI Marriott in Linthicum Heights. iHire was one of 42 ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. In an effort ... holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has issued a pain ... Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which can cause episodes ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... now offering micro-osteoperforation for accelerated orthodontic treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience with ... Damon brackets , AcceleDent, and accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016 Research and Markets ... Market by Type (Organic Chemical (Sugar, Petrochemical, Glycerin), Inorganic ... Coating, Parenteral) - Global Forecast to 2021" report ... The global pharmaceutical excipients market is projected to ... of 6.1% in the forecast period 2016 to 2021. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- Roche (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: RHHBY) announced that ... PCT (procalcitonin) assay as a dedicated testing solution for ... clearance, Roche is the first IVD company in the ... risk assessment and management. PCT is a ... in blood can aid clinicians in assessing the risk ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ANGELES , June 23, 2016 ... CAPR ), a biotechnology company focused ... therapeutics, today announced that patient enrollment in its ... in Duchenne) has exceeded 50% of its 24-patient ... enrollment in the third quarter of 2016, and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: