Navigation Links
Case Western Reserve receives $7.8M to study manic symptoms in children
Date:1/21/2011

The Department of Psychiatry at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has received a $7.8 million renewal grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) for the long-term study of manic symptoms in children.

The grant from the NIMH, one of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), funds the continuation of a study launched five years ago in which 707 children between the ages of six and 12 years were screened and evaluated for elevated symptoms of mania (ESM), a common indicator of bipolar disease and other childhood psychiatric disorders.

By studying the course of a child's ESM over time, which can include periods of rapid mood swings and intense irritability, researchers hope to learn more about what factors make children with ESM more likely to develop a bipolar spectrum disorder.

"We want to develop the means by which to more accurately diagnose bipolar disease in children," says Robert L. Findling, MD, the Rocco L Motto, M.D. Professor of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry at the School of Medicine, and director of the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at University Hospitals (UH) Case Medical Center. He is the study's coordinating principal investigator.

From the point of enrollment, children participating in the study's initial phase have been evaluated every six months for their psychiatric diagnoses, symptoms, use of mental health services and medication, and psychosocial function. The NIMH renewal grant allows researchers to continue these six-month evaluations among participants, who will now be between eight and 17 years of age. This will enable the collection of data during a period when study participants are at greater risk of developing a bipolar spectrum disorder, Dr. Findling says.

Researchers will also incorporate both neurocognitive testing (evaluations that assess how well a person processes new data, as well as their ability to process information and pay attention) and neuroimaging. The aim is to identify possible biomarkers that signal or reflect underlying biological mechanisms that predispose individuals to bipolar disease, a type of mood disorder that affects an estimated 5.7 million Americans who often report symptoms that can be traced back to their childhood.

"We're particularly excited about adding neuroimaging to this next phase of the study to examine brain functioning in these children," Dr. Findling says. "This research component is very innovative and will lay the groundwork for future studies between the child and adolescent psychiatry and radiology departments through collaborations involving neuroimaging in children." Neuroimaging involves the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a type of brain scan that maps brains activity. In this area, Dr. Findling is collaborating with neuroradiologist Jeffrey Sunshine, MD, PhD, associate professor and vice chair of the Department of Radiology at the School of Medicine and UH Case Medical Center.

The continued research will further document the trajectories of children with ESM and related psychiatric disorders to better determine the most appropriate points for intervention. Study goals include assessing the nature of manic symptoms over time in relation to changes in mood. Researchers hope to enhance their understanding of the predictive value of manic symptoms, alone and in combination with other symptoms, developing evidence-based criteria for diagnosing the spectrum of bipolar disorders in children; and identifying risk factors associated with poor functional outcomes among youth with manic symptoms.

The investigators will examine the relationships between mood episodes and clinical outcomes over time. They will also evaluate neurocognitive performance, together with functional abnormalities, to better understand how these relate to ESM and the development of bipolar disorder in childhood through early adulthood.

In addition to the School of Medicine and UH Case Medical Center, children enrolled in the study have been recruited from three other collaborating sites: University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, The Ohio State University Medical Center, and Cincinnati Children's Hospital.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jessica Studeny
jessica.studeny@case.edu
216-368-4692
Case Western Reserve University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Satellite Healthcares Sheila Doss Elected Western Chapters Coordinator-Elect of the American Nephrology Nurses Association
2. Urine protein test might help diagnose kidney damage from lupus, UT Southwestern researchers find
3. Visionworks(R) Brings High Quality Eye Care & Eye Wear to Western PA
4. Only women with Western Swedish breast cancer gene run higher risk of ovarian cancer
5. Case Western Reserve receives nearly $8M to help providers enable adoption of EHRs in Ohio
6. ShelterBox Responds to Earthquake in Western China
7. Western Maryland to be Featured at BIO International Convention
8. UT Southwestern researchers uncover Fragile X syndrome genes role in shaping brain
9. UT Southwestern participates in nationwide study offering free lung tumor genetic testing
10. Belly fat or hip fat -- it really is all in your genes, says UT Southwestern researcher
11. Novel anti-malarial drug candidate found by UT Southwestern researchers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... A May 8 ... a doctor for colds or respiratory issues that are not responsive to antibiotics nevertheless ... on doctors may be largely responsible for the problem both in Canada and the ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Mediaplanet is proud to ... campaign in USA Today, which will educate readers on how to take care of ... a large focus is placed on melanoma. Dancing with the Stars professional, Witney Carson, ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... Calif. (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... the integration of the CareFusion NOX-T3 portable sleep monitor with its Somnoware Sleep ... a consistent, browser-based interface for diagnostic device operations. With this platform, initializing devices ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... After raising ... Antzy Top gadget will continue to be available at a discounted crowdfunding price on ... with stress wherever they are, I also wanted to bring a fidget toy to ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... “When the Stars Lead Home”: a poignant ... of published author Laura Weigel Douglas, an avid reader who lives in the Pacific ... sometimes feels like Green Hills Adventure Camp. She couldn’t be more grateful. , Twelve-year ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2017)... WAYNE, Pa. , May 4, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... made from thermoplastics and other highly-engineered materials, is ... Microextrusion tubing has been developed in recent ... neurovascular interventional therapies and surgical applications. More expensive ... used to produce microextrusion tubing due to their ...
(Date:5/3/2017)... Calif. , May 3, 2017 ... of any hospital or healthcare facility. Commonly referred ... room is equipped with diagnostic imaging technology to ... of the heart. In these spaces, a team ... catheterization, balloon angioplasty, percutaneous coronary intervention, congenital heart ...
(Date:5/3/2017)... N.J. , May 3, 2017  Getinge, ... that contribute to quality enhancement and cost efficiency ... from a study of contemporary practice demonstrating that ... first-line therapy for critically ill patients. The single-center, ... Company,s newer large volume MEGA ® 50cc ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: