Navigation Links
Carnegie Mellon researchers discover social integration improves lung function in elderly
Date:6/2/2014

PITTSBURGHIt is well established that being involved in more social roles, such as being married, having close friends, close family members, and belonging to social and religious groups, leads to better mental and physical health. However, why social integration the total number of social roles in which a person participates influences health and longevity has not been clear.

New research led by Carnegie Mellon University shows for the first time that social integration impacts pulmonary function in the elderly. Lung function, which decreases with age, is an important physiological quality that affects cardiovascular disease, asthma and other lung disorders. Published in the American Psychological Association's Health Psychology journal, this study also rebuffs the popular notion that marriage is the only social role required for health benefits. In fact, different social relationships can be substituted for each other and every added social role improves health.

"We knew that when older adults have friends and family and belong to groups, they have lower mortality rates and less disease and illness risk, but now we can start to understand why that happens," said Sheldon Cohen, the Robert E. Doherty University Professor of Psychology in CMU's Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences. "We also answer critical questions about the importance of marriage for health. It has been suggested that marriage and things that typically come with it such as kids and family is the only social role that matters. The bottom line is that marriage is not required for better health it is the total number of social roles that predicts improved health."

For the study, the research team analyzed data collected from 1,147 healthy adults between the ages of 70 and 79 who participated in the MacArthur Study of Successful Aging. The data included a measure of the participants' social roles and assessed their pulmonary function according to peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR).

They found that the more social roles people engaged in, the better their lung function. While analysis of specific social roles indicated that marriage was the strongest positive connection to lung function, greater numbers of roles also were associated with better lung function even in those who were not married. Being a relative or a friend were also individually linked to improved lung function, but more social roles also were associated with better lung function independent of being a relative or a friend.

"Older people need to get out because any sort of social interaction will improve their health," said Crista Crittenden, visiting assistant professor of psychology at Carnegie Mellon in Qatar and the study's lead author. "I am really interested in how social and psychological factors influence lung health, and not only have we shown that more social roles, like being married or having friends, improve lung function, we found a link between more social roles and increased happiness and physical activity that could also help with lung function and overall health."


'/>"/>

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-260-0675
Carnegie Mellon University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Drug monitoring information improves regimen adherence, Carnegie Mellon researchers say
2. Carnegie Mellon leads multi-university project to improve web and cloud computing accessibility
3. Carnegie Mellon and University at Buffalo researchers improving transit for people with disabilities
4. National Robotics Initiative Awards provide $7 million for Carnegie Mellon research projects
5. Carnegie Mellon to present Leslie Ungerleider with Andrew Carnegie Prize in Mind and Brain Sciences
6. Carnegie Mellon Research shows self-affirmation improves problem-solving under stress
7. New Carnegie Mellon research reveals exactly how the human brain adapts to injury
8. Mindfulness meditation reduces loneliness in older adults, Carnegie Mellon study shows
9. Carnegie Mellons Marcel Just to receive Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award
10. Researchers discover hormone that controls supply of iron in red blood cell production
11. Mount Sinai researchers to present studies at American Society of Clinical Oncology Meeting
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Shamangelic Healing, ... addition Onnit brand Alpha BRAIN and New Mood Daily-Stress Formula for brain optimization ... optimization products to the store is just one more way Shamangelic Healing supports ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... The White House announced efforts ... more information about their loan terms and accounts, and more protections for borrowers. ... federal and private loans, has reached $1.3 trillion, with 43 million Americans holding ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... ... team BioCellection won the $30,000 Perlman Grand Prize of the 2016 Wharton Business ... Award, the Michelson People’s Choice Award, and the Committee Award for Most ‘Wow ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Dr. Robert Mondavi, one of the dentists ... dentistry is a fast-growing field as more patients are discovering the many different ways ... about the options currently available to them and which ones might work for their ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... Jupiter, FL (PRWEB) , ... April 29, 2016 ... ... it will feature Grassland Dairy Products, Inc. in an upcoming episode, airing third ... than a century of churning cream into butter, Grassland Dairy Products, located in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... , le 27 Avril 2016 ... a progressé de +5% sur le trimestre, soutenu ... de consommables  Croissance de +16% des ... Mauna Kea Technologies (Euronext : MKEA, FR0010609263 ; ... confocale laser, annonce aujourd,hui son chiffre d,affaires pour ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... York , April 27, 2016 ... report titled, "Skincare Devices Market - Global Industry Analysis, ... According to the report, the global skincare devices market ... is anticipated to expand at a CAGR of 10.1% ... in 2023. Browse the full Skincare Devices Market ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... Kan. , April 27, 2016  Bayer ... , a senior from the University of Florida ... of the Bayer Excellence in Communication Award (BECA). ... schools, which were awarded a total of $70,000 ... the last four years, Bayer has provided a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: