Navigation Links
Cancer mortality rates are higher in men than women

PHILADELPHIA Overall cancer mortality rates are higher for men than women in the United States, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Michael B. Cook, Ph.D., an investigator in the division of cancer epidemiology and genetics at the National Cancer Institute, and colleagues used U.S. vital rates and survival data from the SEER database for 36 cancers by gender and age. They assessed whether cancer mortality rates and cancer survival differed by gender.

"Men are more likely to die from cancer than women," said Cook. "We found this to be true for a majority of specific types of cancer."

Results showed that the cancers that had the highest male-to-female mortality rate ratios were: lip cancer (where 5.51 men died compared to 1 female); larynx (5.37-to-1); hypopharynx (4.47-to-1); esophagus (4.08-to-1); and urinary bladder (3.36-to-1). Cancers with the highest mortality rates also showed greater risk of death in men than women: lung and bronchus (2.31-to-1); colon and rectum (1.42-to-1); pancreas (1.37-to-1); leukemia (1.75-to-1); and liver and intrahepatic bile duct (2.23-to-1).

In their analysis of five-year cancer survival, the researchers adjusted for age, year of diagnosis and tumor stage and grade, when this information was available. Cook and his team found that a person's gender did not play a major role in cancer survival.

For many cancers, men have poorer survival than women but the differences are slight. It is difficult to assign any singular root cause, but influences include differences in behavior of the tumor, cancer screening among people without symptoms, presence of other illnesses and health care seeking behaviors.

"Our research suggests that the main factor driving the greater frequency of cancer deaths in men is the greater frequency of cancer diagnosis, rather than poorer survival once the cancer occurs," said Cook. "If we can identify the causes of these gender differences in cancer incidence then we can take preventative actions to reduce the cancer burden in both men and women."


Contact: Natalie Poole
American Association for Cancer Research

Related medicine news :

1. Enhancing arrest of cell growth to treat cancer in mice
2. Paxil Blocks Tamoxifen, Lowers Survival Odds Against Breast Cancer
3. The National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship Joins the Commission on Cancer
4. Low forms of cyclin E reduce breast cancer drugs effectiveness
5. Racial disparities persist in the diagnosis of advanced breast cancer and colon cancer in the U.S.
6. Soft drinks may increase risk of pancreatic cancer
7. UH Case Medical Center researchers publish promising findings for advanced cervical cancer
8. Genes Play Role in Prognosis With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers
9. Single gene mutation induces endometrial cancer
10. Certain genetic profiles associated with recurrence-free survival for non-small cell lung cancer
11. Molecular pathways linked to sex, age affect outcomes in lung cancer
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/13/2015)... , ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... devoted exclusively to funding innovative lymphoma research and serving the lymphoma community through ... 20th Annual Gala, A Legacy of Hope; A Commitment to Cure last night ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... Though trick-or-treating ... friendly confines of their home. Whether it's making fun pre or post trick-or-treat ... from Florida Dairy Farmers. , Recipe 1: Green Chile Queso Dip with ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... worldwide theatrical premiere at Laemmle Music Hall in Beverly Hills October 2 - 8, ... Month. Qualifying for Academy Award® consideration, the film takes us through the lives of ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... , ... October 13, 2015 , ... The added calories ... goblin this Halloween. So what is a parent to do? Registered dietitians from ... to stay trim this time of year. , “Halloween is a high-calorie holiday,” ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... 13, 2015 , ... Purdue University announced Tuesday (Oct. 13) ... aimed at enhancing Purdue’s life sciences research and graduate education. The initiative comes ... The investment will result in cohesive efforts across several colleges and is designed ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/13/2015)...  Nanomedical Diagnostics, a biotech company developing and ... announces the completion of a Series A financing ... --> --> ... and diagnostic platforms that empower individuals to make ... enable the company to commercially release AGILE Research, ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ) has ... European markets for Meniscal Repair - 16 Countries ... ) has announced the addition of ... Repair - 16 Countries (2010-2021)" report to ... ( ) has announced the addition of ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... 13, 2015 Attracting mid- to large-sized medical device ... growing Baltimore into a major medical ... the Maryland Technology Enterprise Institute (Mtech) . ... in place to support innovation hubs and a thriving medical ... Baltimore. "This study is important because we believe ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: