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Cancer bound
Date:11/2/2012

as. When it finds one, it slips a structure called a beta-hairpin between the strands, marking the DNA for NER. But if a lesion makes DNA more stable, the strands become more difficult to separate and the beta hairpin can't signal for repair.

How can molecules as large and disruptive as a PAH stabilize DNA in the first place?

"If you remember from chemistry, every kind of molecule interacts with other molecules through so-called Van der Waals interactions," said Nicholas Geacintov, a chemistry professor at NYU. "The DNA and the carcinogen bound to it also have the same kind of interactions," he said, specifically referring to the PAH-derived lesions that intercalate, or wedge themselves, between DNA base pairs.

The role of Van der Waals forces, which Broyde calls "stacking interactions" for these systems, was made clear through a series of computer simulations performed, analyzed, interpreted and visualized by Yuqin Cai, a post-doctoral senior research scientist in Broyde's lab. "The computer simulations revealed the structural, energetic and dynamic properties of the DNA containing the PAH-derived lesions, " said Broyde, who specializes in providing a mechanistic understanding of complex biological processes using molecular dynamics simulations and other front-line computational approaches.

"You can make movies of the dynamic trajectory which allow you to see the real mobility of the entire system," Broyde said. "You can watch the DNA flexing and the backbone moving dynamically and the carcinogen moving in and out. It's not rigid you can see its aliveness."

Broyde and her team's simulations revealed that of the six different lesions examined (three chemicals with two different geometric configurations each), those caused by dibenzo[a,l]pyrene, the most tumorigenic PAH investigated, were the most resistant to repair. The five-ringed structure of the carcinogen provided ample stacking opportunities, which stabilized the D
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Contact: Aaron Dubrow
aarondubrow@tacc.utexas.edu
512-475-9439
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center
Source:Eurekalert  

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