Navigation Links
Cancer Incidence in the United States: A Progress Report
Date:11/6/2007

Clean Air Laws Expected to Spread Around the Globe

ATLANTA, Nov. 7 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A midpoint assessment of the American Cancer Society's ambitious goal to cut cancer incidence by one-fourth by 2015 finds overall cancer incidence rates were eight percent lower in 2004 than they were in 1992. Despite those gains, the authors of the report say the rate of reduction over the first half of the challenge period was only about half the size necessary to reach the challenge goal, and that new understandings of preventable factors and new efforts are needed, particularly in the areas of tobacco control and obesity, to increase progress. The report is published in the November/December issue of CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

In 1998, the volunteer Board of Directors of the American Cancer Society set an ambitious challenge goal for the United States to reduce cancer incidence rates by 25 percent between 1992 and 2015. The new report is an analysis of progress toward that goal through 2004, the midpoint of the challenge period. It shows that incidence rates have been dropping 0.6 percent per year since 1992, the year cancer incidence peaked in the U.S. The greatest declines have occurred among men and among those aged 65 years and older. Although decreasing trends were similar by race, incidence rates continue to be higher among African Americans than among Whites.

The report finds while declining trends have been observed for some cancer sites, others have remained constant or increased over the 12-year period. Drops in incidence were seen for cancers of the prostate, lung (men), colorectum, ovary, oral cavity, stomach, and cervix. A marked decline for invasive breast cancer in women began in 1999, while incidence rates for lung cancer in women have stabilized in recent years. For several sites, no appreciable downturn has been seen: multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, leukemia, and cancers of the corpus uteri, bladder, pancreas, and brain. Cancer incidence rates have increased for melanoma and cancers of the kidney, liver, thyroid, and esophagus.

The authors say historical declines in the use of tobacco and recent declines in the use of certain hormone therapies have contributed to incidence reductions in several cancer sites and will likely result in steeper declines in the decade to come. However, say the authors, these favorable changes are somewhat offset by the increasing prevalence of obesity, which contributes to higher risk for many types of cancers.

"If we want to increase the progress we're seeing, we will need not only new understandings of the factors that can lower the risk of getting cancer, but also stronger efforts to act on what we already know about cancer prevention," said Tim Byers, MD of the University of Colorado School of Medicine, a member of the Society's Incidence and Mortality Committee and co-author of the report. "In particular, we need to continue to reduce tobacco use and start reversing the epidemic of obesity."

Also in this issue: Clean indoor air laws creating completely smoke-free environments are rapidly spreading throughout the world and are low-cost, safe, and effective, according to a comprehensive review. The report, by Michael Eriksen, ScD, of the Georgia State University Institute of Public Health and Frank Chaloupka, Ph.D., of the University of Illinois Health Policy Center and Department of Economics, reviews clean indoor air laws' effect on public health and the economic impact of their implementation. It concludes that clean indoor air laws protect nonsmokers from involuntary exposure to secondhand smoke, contribute to a reduction in overall cigarette consumption, protect hospitality workers from adverse respiratory conditions, and are well accepted by the general public. Contrary to the fears raised by the tobacco industry and others, comprehensive reviews of research on the economic impact of smoke-free air policies from the Surgeon General, the Task Force on Community Preventive Services, and others consistently conclude that these policies do not have a negative economic impact. The authors say it is likely that clean indoor air laws will continue to spread throughout the United States and around the globe, where smoke-free environments will be the norm and smoking in indoor public areas will be the rare exception. Future progress can be expected in creating smoke-free environments in homes, multifamily dwellings, cars in which children are riding, and outdoor public venues.

Article: "A Midpoint Assessment of the American Cancer Society Challenge Goal to Decrease Cancer Incidence by 25% Between 1992 and 2015," RL Sedjo, T Byers, E Barrera, C Cohen, ETH Fontham, LA Newman, CD Runowicz, AG Thorson, MJ Thun, E Ward, RC Wender, H J Eyre, CA Cancer J Clin 2007;57:326-340.

Article: "The Economic Impact of Clean Indoor Air Laws," M Eriksen, F Chaloupka, CA Cancer J Clin 2007;57:367-378.

The American Cancer Society is dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem by saving lives, diminishing suffering and preventing cancer through research, education, advocacy and service. Founded in 1913 and with national headquarters in Atlanta, the Society has 13 regional Divisions and local offices in 3,400 communities, involving millions of volunteers across the United States. For more information anytime, call toll free 1-800-ACS-2345 or visit http://www.cancer.org.


'/>"/>
SOURCE American Cancer Society
Copyright©2007 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Conventional prognostic factors fail to explain better prostate cancer survival in most Asian men
2. Survival differences by race most apparent in advanced stages of breast cancer
3. MRI finds breast cancer before it becomes dangerous
4. Investigators uncover intriguing clues to why persistent acid reflux sometimes turns into cancer
5. Pathway links inflammation, angiogenesis and breast cancer
6. Radiologists encouraged to look beyond cancer for clinically unseen diseases
7. Diet high in meat, fat and refined grains linked to risk for colon cancer recurrence, death
8. Immune deficiency linked to a type of eye cancer
9. Drop in breast cancer incidence linked to hormone use, not mammograms
10. Breast cancer prevention practices vary across Canada
11. First biomarker discovered that predicts prostate cancer outcome
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... , ... February 05, 2016 , ... After years as ... Hospital Burn Unit, plastic and cosmetic surgeon Dr. Wayne Carman transitioned to chief of ... He successfully completed his first three-year term as chief and began a second three-year ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... independent PROSHRED franchises from across the country gathered at the La Valencia Hotel ... top performers. PROSHRED Chicago was named the year’s most outstanding franchise, walking ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Give To Cure today announced ... and donate to Give To Cure’s campaign that is crowdfunding clinical trials to help ... and share payments through a smart device. In 2015 alone, Venmo processed $7.5 billion ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... York, New York (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... announced the election of Patrick McDermott as Chairman of the National Board of Directors. ... Pat as Chairman of the Board,” stated Leslie A. Chambers , APDA President ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Dr. Ben Amini, ... it is now welcoming orthodontist, Dr. Amanda Cheng, to the practice. With the ... oral health care, including general dentistry, cosmetic treatments, periodontics, implant dentistry , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016  Venice,s newest laser clinic, ... first of its kind in the area and ... advanced laser treatment. The physician-owned and operated laser ... Suncoast by storm with its revitalizing skin care ... multi-wavelength Astanza Trinity technology. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160204/329957 ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE ... previously announced underwritten secondary offering of 11,027,558 shares of ... of affiliates of Blackstone and Goldman Sachs.  The shares ... price of $96.45 per share. The selling stockholders will ... Zimmer Biomet nor any of its directors, officers or ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , February 5, 2016 ... Today, VoicePower Ltd - The Speech Recognition People, announced their ... deployed to improve patient care, reduce turnaround times and to save ... CCG ,- VoicePower client since 2013 Challenge: --> ... Challenge: --> - Six doctors ,- Wirral CCG ,- ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: