Navigation Links
Cancer Death Rates Stay Stagnant
Date:4/22/2008

Factors that fueled recent declines have hit a plateau, report says

TUESDAY, April 22 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer death rates seem to have stagnated, a new report shows, as the smoking prevention and mammography screening efforts that fueled recent declines appear to have leveled off.

"We've run into plateaus in terms of people smoking and getting necessary screening. The next big barrier is the obesity epidemic," said Dr. Jay Brooks, chairman of hematology/oncology at Ochsner Health System in Baton Rouge, La.

Nevertheless, Brooks stressed, the progress already made is substantial. "When you step back and think about where we've come in this country, it's phenomenal," he said. "The report is a tremendous example of the work that's been done over the past 20 years in showing that the efforts to reduce smoking and increase screening have been tremendous in terms of decreasing death rates from cancer."

But the trends, detailed in the American Cancer Society's annual report, Cancer Prevention & Early Detection Facts and Figures 2008, do point to a need for more effort.

"If we see sustained declines in prevention and early detection efforts that could really have, down the road, an impact on [cancer deaths], that's why we're picking up the pace now and emphasizing the importance so we can correct this," said study co-author Vilma Cokkinides, strategic director in risk factor surveillance, department of epidemiology and surveillance at the American Cancer Society in Atlanta.

Earlier this year, the American Cancer Society reported that death rates in the United States had dropped by 18.4 percent in men and 10.5 percent in women since the early 1990s, when mortality rates first began to decline. This means a total of more than half a million deaths from cancer have been averted in those years.

Here are the report's main findings:

  • About 40 percent of the reduction in cancer deaths in males between 1991 and 2003 can be attributed to declines in smoking that have taken place over the last century. But efforts have stalled: Almost 24 percent of men and 18 percent of women smoke, a rate that has remained unchanged for the past two years.
  • The percentage of high school students who smoke (currently 23 percent) has also leveled off since 2005.
  • According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, if all state tobacco control programs were funded at their recommended level for five years, there would be about 5 million fewer smokers in the United States. But in 2008, only three states (Maine, Colorado and Delaware) met or exceeded CDC minimum recommended levels for funding of these programs.
  • Twenty-nine states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico have bans on smoking in workplaces and/or restaurants and/or bars, while almost 3,000 municipalities have passed some of smoke-free legislation. "Comprehensive tobacco control programs are really key," Cokkinides said. "They have been demonstrated to be effective. We just need to keep up the pace."
  • The rate of mammography screening has remained stagnant since 2000. In 2005, about two-thirds of women aged 40 and older reported having had a mammogram within the past two years (four percentage points lower than in 2000) and only 51.2 percent reported having had a mammogram within the past year. Women without health insurance and recent immigrants had the lowest levels of screening.
  • Rates of colorectal cancer screening are improving, but still leave ample room for improvement. Less than half (46.8 percent) of American men and women aged 50 and over have had a recent colorectal cancer screening test, up from 42.5 percent in 2000. So far, 22 states plus the District of Columbia have legislation in place that requires coverage for all colorectal cancer screening tests. Again, the uninsured and recent immigrants were least likely to have been screened.
  • Twenty-two states plus the District of Columbia have legislation mandating that private health insurance plans cover all colorectal cancer screening tests.
  • Exposure to sunlight (outside or in the tanning booth) remains a major risk factor for different types of skin cancer. According to the report, 68.7 percent of youth reported getting sunburned during the summer, although only one-third reported using sunscreen all the time or often, not to mention other forms of protection (such as seeking shade or wearing long-sleeved clothing).
  • Overweight and obesity are significant risk factors for different types of cancer. Currently, 17.1 percent of adolescents and 35.2 percent of adults are considered obese. These startling figures go hand-in-hand with relatively low levels of physical activity (less than 36 percent of U.S. residents were physically active for at least 60 minutes on most days of the week, while 23.9 percent of adults reported no leisure-time physical activity) and poor eating habits (only one in five U.S. high school students and less than one-quarter of adults ate vegetables and fruits five or more times a day in 2005).

More information

Find the full report at the American Cancer Society.



SOURCES: Vilma Cokkinides, Ph.D., strategic director, risk factor surveillance, department of epidemiology and surveillance, American Cancer Society, Atlanta; Jay Brooks, chairman, hematology/oncology, Ochsner Health System, Baton Rouge. La.; Cancer Prevention & Early Detection Facts and Figures 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. OHSU Cancer Institute researcher identifies protein that helps predict prostate cancer survival
2. Phone counseling improves quality of life, immune systems of cervical cancer survivors
3. Prostate cancer screening program leads to bigger fall in death rates than surrounding areas
4. A stem cell type supposed to be crucial for angiogenesis and cancer growth does not exist?
5. Potential viral therapy weapon for difficult cancers is safe and effective in study
6. American Cancer Society report details cancer prevention efforts
7. Cancer could return unless stored ovarian tissue undergoes adequate testing before re-implantation
8. Cancer cells spread by releasing bubbles, according to an MUHC study
9. Thousands of volunteers needed to help bring cure for cancer closer
10. Many Cancer Survivors Are Overweight and Sedentary: Study
11. Study reveals inaccuracies in studies of cancer treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Cancer Death Rates Stay Stagnant
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... August 18, 2017 , ... “Emotions are sacred, valid, honored, encouraged. This ... positive education company Generation Mindful. To help change the mindset of parents and educators ... skills, she created the Time-In Toolkit, which launched on Kickstarter 3 weeks ago and ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 18, 2017 , ... Alcovit, a ... to ramp up its marketing efforts with its product now available through Jet.com. ... to the public. The effervescent powdered drink is designed to quickly detox the body ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... ... “Our Mountains to Climb: A Journey of Love and Faith Through Trials”: ... faith they shared to overcome struggles in life. “Our Mountains to Climb: A Journey ... Corcoran, a retired teacher and happily married since 1999; the author’s personal experiences drive ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... ... “Beyond Our Imaginations: The Infinite God”: shows the importance of God in living ... of published author, Mark Lawrence, born in Michigan, the author has lived in various ... greater man of God is that I have to be more mindful of feminine ...
(Date:8/18/2017)... ... ... Mandate for Kingdom Builders”: a call to walk as citizens of the Kingdom and ... published author, John F. McGeorge, Jr. Dr. John F. McGeorge Jr., B.A., J.D., ... three decades training pastors and Christian leaders. He also met his wife, Valerija, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/7/2017)... , Aug. 7, 2017  Endo International plc ... reached agreements to resolve virtually all known U.S. mesh ... discussions to resolve the known remaining U.S. claims at ... payments beginning in the fourth quarter of 2017 and ... of its second quarter 2017 results, the Company intends ...
(Date:8/4/2017)... Aug. 3, 2017  Agragen, LLC, a ... in the biopharmaceutical, nutraceutical, and aquacultural feed sectors, ... its lead drug candidates, AGR131.  This drug is ... from the blood of patients suffering from inflammatory ... bowel disease. ...
(Date:8/2/2017)... Aug. 2, 2017 Fenita J. ... as a Pinnacle Lifetime Professional in the Field ... Manager at Turing Pharmaceuticals, AG. Her skills and ... relationship building.                ... 25 years of experience as a highly successful ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: