Navigation Links
Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation is not associated with a reduced breast cancer risk
Date:11/11/2008

Taking calcium and vitamin D supplements does not reduce breast cancer incidence in postmenopausal women, according to data from a randomized, doubled-blind, placebo-controlled trial published online November 11 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Several observational and preclinical studies have suggested that vitamin D supplements may reduce breast cancer risk, but results have been inconsistent.

To test this possibility, researchers evaluated breast cancer incidence as a secondary endpoint in the Women's Health Initiative study in 36,282 postmenopausal women who were randomly assigned to take 1,000 mg of calcium plus 400 IU of vitamin D daily or to daily placebo. (The primary endpoint of the study was effect of the supplements on hip fracture.) Baseline 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were determined in all 1,067 breast cancer cases and 1,067 matched control subjects.

In the current analysis, Rowan Chlebowski, M.D., Ph.D., of the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-University of California Los Angeles Medical Center and colleagues found that the incidence of invasive breast cancer was similar in the supplement and placebo groups, with 528 and 546 cases, respectively. Additionally, 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were only modestly associated with dietary and supplement vitamin D intake and were not associated with breast cancer risk in a nested case-control analysis.

These findings call into question recommendations for evaluation of higher vitamin D dosage in future studies, according to the authors. Furthermore, as 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were strongly associated with leanness and high physical activity, which both influence breast cancer risk, prior observational studies relating vitamin D levels to breast cancer risk may have been influenced by these factors. "The main findings do not support a causal relationship between calcium and vitamin D supplement use and reduced breast cancer incidence" the authors conclude.

In an accompanying editorial, Corey Speers and Powel Brown, M.D., Ph.D., of Baylor College of Medicine in Houston applaud the authors' efforts to test the question in such a rigorous manner. Although the editorialists agree that these data do not support an association between calcium and vitamin D supplementation and breast cancer incidence, they argue that further investigation is still needed to adequately answer the question, including looking for genetic influences on vitamin D serum levels, testing supplements in premenopausal women, and following study participants for a longer follow-up period.

"Because preclinical, epidemiological, and clinical trial results of vitamin D supplementation are conflicting, additional studies will be needed to determine whether vitamin D plus calcium will prevent breast cancer. However, this article by Chlebowski [and colleagues] offers an important first step in addressing this issue," the editorialists write. "The potential health benefits of vitamin D and calcium may yet still have a bright future."


'/>"/>

Contact: Liz Savage
jncimedia@oxfordjournals.org
301-841-1287
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Daily Calcium Does Protect Bone
2. International study strengthens case for daily calcium pill
3. Coronary Artery Calcium May Raise Womens Heart Risk
4. Calcium Supplements Could Raise Heart Risks in Postmenopausal Women
5. Scripps scientists find calcium channel blockers help normalize lysosomal storage disease cells
6. High Calcium Intake May Not Help Prevent Fractures, Reports The Harvard Health Letter
7. Calcium Scans Help Predict Coronary Risk
8. African Americans at Risk for Low Calcium Intake - New Survey Finds Those Experiencing Symptoms of Lactose Intolerance May be Sidelining Dairy in Their Diets
9. Study shows that administering calcium and magnesium effectively reduces neurological sensitivity
10. Coronary calcium distribution tied to heart attack risk
11. New Calcium Measure Better Predictor of Heart Risks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... edition of "Cardiovascular Health" in USA Today, which covers the innovative treatments, therapeutic ... health while maintaining fulfilling lives. “We are prolonging life 6 years in the ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Sourced from the Isbre Springs beneath the 5,000 year old ... purity of just 6 ppm TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) in addition to its excellent ... in several ShopRite and FoodTown stores in NJ and received rave comments from consumers. ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... San Francisco, CA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, ... ... in digitally-enabled care journeys, announced today that it has raised $6.0 million in ... are inspired by Clarify Health’s conviction that patients and their caregivers can receive ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 2016 , ... ‘Tis the season for giving! Today, 20 creative teams across ... Partnership and the Drug Enforcement Administration as part of the National Red Ribbon Week ... schools who decorated their campuses with this year’s Red Ribbon Week theme: “YOLO. Be ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... 30, 2016 , ... Standard Process, Inc. is proud to ... recognition of the largest closely held companies headquartered in Wisconsin. This marks the ... Standard Process was awarded the Talent Award for providing outstanding employee benefits. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... , December 2, 2016 ... "In Vitro Diagnostics/IVD Market by Product (Instruments, Reagents, ... Application (Diabetes, Oncology, Cardiology, Nephrology, Infectious Diseases) - ... market is valued at USD 60.22 Billion in ... a CAGR of 5.5% during the forecast period ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2, 2016 On Thursday, December ... excellence in research, development and innovation in the biopharmaceutical ... was held in the presence of Sergey Tsyb, Vice ... Russian Federation , Natalia Sanina, First Vice Chairman ... , Head of Roszdravnadzor, National Service of Control in ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... -- bioLytical Laboratories, ein Weltführer bei schnellen Tests für Infektionskrankheiten, ... von Kenia eingeführt. Continue Reading ... ... (PRNewsFoto/bioLytical Laboratories) ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20161201/444905 ) bioLytical wurde durch die Clinton ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: