Navigation Links
Calcium associated with lower risk of cancer in women
Date:2/23/2009

Women with higher intake of calcium appear to have a lower risk of cancer overall, and both men and women with high calcium intakes have lower risks of colorectal cancer and other cancers of the digestive system, according to a report in the February 23 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Calcium is known to benefit bone health, according to background information in the article. Because of this, the Institute of Medicine recommends 1,200 milligrams of calcium for adults age 50 and older, and the 2005 dietary guidelines for Americans recommend 3 cups per day of low-fat or fat-free dairy products. Studies of dairy products, calcium intake and cancer have revealed different results for different cancer sites.

Yikyung Park, Sc.D., of the National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Md., and colleagues analyzed data from 293,907 men and 198,903 women who participated in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study. Participants took a food frequency questionnaire when they enrolled in the study between 1995 and 1996, reporting how much and how often they consumed dairy and a wide variety of other foods and whether they took supplements. Their records were then linked with state cancer registries to identify new cases of cancer through 2003.

Over an average of 7 years of follow-up, 36,965 cancer cases were identified in men and 16,605 in women. Calcium intake was not associated with total cancer in men but was in womenthe risk decreased in women with intake of up to 1,300 milligrams per day, after which no further risk reduction was observed.

"In both men and women, dairy food and calcium intakes were inversely associated with cancers of the digestive system," the authors write. The one-fifth of men who consumed the most calcium through food and supplements (about 1,530 milligrams per day) had a 16 percent lower risk of these types of cancer than the one-fifth who consumed the least (526 milligrams per day). For women, those in the top one-fifth of calcium consumption (1,881 milligrams per day) had a 23 percent lower risk than those in the bottom one-fifth (494 milligrams per day). The decreased risk was particularly pronounced for colorectal cancer. Calcium and dairy food intake was not associated with prostate cancer, breast cancer or cancer in any other anatomical system besides the digestive system.

"Dairy food, which is relatively high in potentially anticarcinogenic nutrients such as calcium, vitamin D and conjugated linoleic acid, has been postulated to protect against the development of colorectal and breast cancer," the authors write. Calcium has been shown to reduce abnormal growth and induce normal turnover among cells in the gastrointestinal tract and breast. In addition, it binds to bile and fatty acids, potentially reducing damage to the mucous membrane in the large intestine.

"In conclusion, our findings suggest that calcium intake consistent with current recommendations is associated with a lower risk of total cancer in women and cancers of the digestive system, especially colorectal cancer, in both men and women," the authors write.


'/>"/>

Contact: ncipressofficers@mail.nih.gov
301-496-6641
JAMA and Archives Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Daily Calcium Does Protect Bone
2. International study strengthens case for daily calcium pill
3. Coronary Artery Calcium May Raise Womens Heart Risk
4. Calcium Supplements Could Raise Heart Risks in Postmenopausal Women
5. Scripps scientists find calcium channel blockers help normalize lysosomal storage disease cells
6. High Calcium Intake May Not Help Prevent Fractures, Reports The Harvard Health Letter
7. Calcium Scans Help Predict Coronary Risk
8. African Americans at Risk for Low Calcium Intake - New Survey Finds Those Experiencing Symptoms of Lactose Intolerance May be Sidelining Dairy in Their Diets
9. Study shows that administering calcium and magnesium effectively reduces neurological sensitivity
10. Coronary calcium distribution tied to heart attack risk
11. New Calcium Measure Better Predictor of Heart Risks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... Axiad IDS , a leading provider of ... with WALLIX to expand its solution to help government contractors more quickly ... number of ways to address the authentication requirements within NIST SP800-171, but no ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... , ... July 24, 2017 , ... ... fat (adipose) transfer systems announces the issuance of United States Patent Number 9,695,398 ... its adipose filtration technology. The '398 and '324 patents cover methods and ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... ... solution focused on delivering end-to-end sleep health care at scale, indicates record-breaking ... shows that adherence rates for positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy, the most widely ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... July 24, 2017 , ... Committed to eliminating clubfoot as ... 100,000 children in their treatment program. Clubfoot is a pervasive problem in the ... is limited or non-existent. Without intervention, these children are destined to grow up ...
(Date:7/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... On July 19th, the Chinese Academy ... the awarding ceremony was held successfully in Beijing. The State Health Planning Commission, ... system, and national Chinese medicine experts also attended the event, including more than ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/13/2017)... , July 13, 2017  New York City-based market research ... markets should be aware of.  From new products to new ... detailed in a recently completed study, Potential Pipeline Disruptors ... 1.  Age-Driven Growth - True ... been aware of the impact the growing population and, to ...
(Date:7/12/2017)...  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY ) ... resolve pending patent litigation in the U.S. District Court for ... the Cialis ® (tadalafil) unit dose patent. This patent ... part of the agreement, Cialis exclusivity is now expected to ... "The unit dose patent for Cialis is valid and infringed ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... July 11, 2017  Bayer has awarded grants totaling more ... part of its prestigious Bayer Hemophilia Awards Program (BHAP). Four ... Philadelphia and Uniformed Services University of the ... the winners. Grant recipients were announced last night during a ... 2017 Congress, Berlin, Germany . ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: