Navigation Links
CO2 capture: Health effects of amines and their derivatives

CO2 capture by means of amines is considered to be the most appropriate method to quickly begin with CO2 removal. During this capture process, some of the amines escaping the recycling process will be emitted into the air and will also form other compounds such as nitrosamines and nitramines. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH) was commissioned by the Climate and Pollution Agency (Klif) to assess whether these new emissions are harmful to health - particularly in terms of the cancer risk to the general population. The results of the risk assessments were submitted recently.

These amines by themselves are not very harmful at typical concentrations that might occur, for example, near power plants. However, the amines could take part in complex chemical reactions and form new compounds such as nitrosamines and nitramines, which can affect health and the environment.

There is relatively little knowledge about the various health effects for many of these compounds, but it is known that several of them can be highly carcinogenic. The cancer risk ultimately depends on how much is formed, how much is released, how much is decomposed in the atmosphere by light and how strong the cancer-causing substances are.

The NIPH has assessed the cancer-causing ability of compounds that can be formed in connection with CO2 capture. Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) was found to be one of those that may be the most carcinogenic. Therefore, this compound is used to calculate the risk from the total amount of various nitrosamines in the air.

Uncertainty about nitramines

There is a lack of knowledge about nitramines but the compounds in this group are generally believed to be less carcinogenic than nitrosamines. However, studies show that the nitramine we know most about, (N-nitrodimethylamine) is a highly carcinogenic substance, although it is not as potent as NDMA.

The NIPH recommends that the risk estimate for NDMA is also used for nitramines. This must be regarded as a risk estimate that will provide good protection of the population. If nitramines are detected in significant quantities in emissions, there will be a need for more knowledge for the NIPH to be able to perform a full risk evaluation.


When released from the CO2 capture plant, the NIPH recommends that the risk estimate for NDMA should be used for the total concentration of both nitrosamines and nitramines in air and water. We recommend maximum levels that provide minimal or negligible risk of cancer from exposure to these substances. The NIPH therefore concludes that the total amount of nitrosamines and nitramines should not exceed 0.3 ng/m3 (nanogram/m3) air.


Contact: Julie Johansen
Norwegian Institute of Public Health

Related medicine news :

1. Carolinas HealthCare System Volunteers to Join Navy Rescue Mission in Haiti
2. SXC Health Solutions to Host Fiscal 2009 Fourth Quarter and Year End Results Conference Call
3. A New Website Series Improves Appearance and Health City by City
4. Diet-to-Go Welcomes 2 Key Philadelphia Fitness Centers as Partners-in-Health
5. Quantum Health Appoints Stark as Executive Vice President of Sales
6. New Report: The Internet Has More Influence Over Consumer Health Actions than Traditional DTC Channels
7. Satellite Healthcares Sheila Doss Elected Western Chapters Coordinator-Elect of the American Nephrology Nurses Association
8. Changing the Course of Kids Health
9. Mental Health America Encourages Journalists, Media Professionals to Submit Entries for 2010 Media Awards
10. Idaho House Moves State Closer to Health Care Disaster
11. UNT Health Science Centers Roby Helps Identify Bodies of Chiles Patio 29
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 2015 , ... During the National Family Caregivers Month, the ... webinars on topics of ‘Medical and Palliative Care Decisions,’ and ‘Self-Care for Caregivers.’ ... , With a loved one's diagnosis of mesothelioma, the closest family member is ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... According to research by the ... dental technicians to be certified or obtain continuing education. To increase awareness of ... Your Mouth?” campaign to inform dentists that the technicians they trust could lack ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... An extensive ... is specialized and only includes chiropractic clinics in the US. , The team ... alternative health practitioner when back pain sets in. When people are experiencing back ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... The ... this summer, ushering in a new era of publicly accessible automated technology. Now, ... will continue to offer guests an up-close look at the shuttle at MOSI’s ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Flint, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 ... ... a safe and fun atmosphere for Halloween festivities, the Word of Life Christian ... classic children’s board game, and featuring a giant 1.25 ton pile of candy ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... September 2015 2014RestatedChange%Turnover 545,575 , 518,852 , 5.2 Cord ... , 9.8 Hospital Management Service Income , ... Medical Insurance Administration Service Income , 2,780 , ... , 89,645 , 94,580 , ... , 2,917 , (3.3) Gross Profit 395,857 ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... November 30, 2015 --> ... "Dental Lasers Market by Product (Soft Tissue, All Tissue, Dental ... (Hospitals, Clinics), and Geography - Global Forecast to 2020", published ... 2020, at a CAGR of 5.2% during the forecast period ... data Tables and 62 Figures spread through 167 P ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... 2015  PTS Diagnostics, the U.S.-based manufacturer of point-of-care ... A1CNow ® systems, and PTS Detect™ cotinine systems, ... that will propel the company into the mHealth market. ... Europe . The technology is a system that ... smartphones and tablets, and uses test strip technology already ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: