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CHEST 2008: Featured abstracts
Date:10/28/2008

the male group performed adequate CC and 37 percent of the female group performed adequate CC. There was no correlation between body mass index and adequate CC in either group, however taller females performed better CC than shorter females. Regardless of gender, only 14 percent of subjects were able to maintain adequate CC for 120 seconds, the recommended guideline for one cycle of compressions.

#7010
NEW ANTIDOTE FOR CYANIDE POISONING
(Wednesday, October 29, 1:00 PM EST)

The novel agent cobinamide could be an ideal antidote for cyanide poisoning, particularly during fire rescues or mass casualty situations where prolonged fire smoke inhalation may occur. Researchers from the University of California - Irvine infused a New Zealand white rabbit with a sodium cyanide solution followed by cyanide treatment with either high-dose or low-dose cobinamide. Diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS) measurements and concurrent physiologic measurements, including arterial and venous blood gases, carbon monoxide, and oxygen saturation, were obtained throughout the experiment. Results showed that cobinamide caused rapid and complete reversal of cyanide toxicity effects when administered intravenously or by transpulmonary routes, as demonstrated noninvasively by DOS and confirmed by blood sampling. Researchers suggest that the high potency and solubility of cobinamide make it potentially an ideal agent for treatment of mass casualty cyanide exposures.

#6719
COCONUT OIL: A NEW THERAPY FOR PEDIATRIC PNEUMONIA?
(Wednesday, October 29, 1:00 PM EST)

New research shows that virgin coconut oil (VCO) may be an effective adjunct therapy for treating pediatric community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Researchers from the Philippines divided 40 children with CAP into two treatment groups. Group A (VCO group) received IV ampicillin plus 2 mL/kg/day of VCO orally, taken for a maximum period of 3 days, and group B (control group) received IV ampicillin alone
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Contact: Jennifer Stawarz
jstawarz@chestnet.org
847-498-8306
American College of Chest Physicians
Source:Eurekalert

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