Navigation Links
CDC Monitors Shortage of Hib Vaccine
Date:11/20/2008

The shot protects against infection that can cause meningitis, pneumonia in young children,,,,

THURSDAY, Nov. 20 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health officials said Thursday that a shortage of vaccine is leading them to monitor Hib infections, one of the most important causes of bacterial illness in young children.

Though the agency has yet to see an increase in cases, the stepped-up surveillance was prompted by a disruption in the supply of vaccine that has virtually eliminated Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) infections since it was introduced in 1988.

Hib infection can cause a variety of illnesses, including meningitis (inflammation of the membranes covering the spinal column and brain), blood stream infections, and pneumonia, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Hib is not a cause of the seasonal flu.

"The shortage is not serious but it is concerning," said Michael Jackson, an epidemiologist with the CDC.

The shortfall was caused by a recall of certain lots of Hib conjugate vaccine, and then the suspension of production by drug maker Merck & Co. last December. Merck originally expected to resume production late this year, but delays have pushed that timetable back to the middle of 2009, the CDC said in its Nov. 21 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

One reason the vaccine shortage hasn't been more serious is that drug maker Sanofi-Aventis also makes Hib vaccine, Jackson said.

Before the introduction of the vaccine, some 20,000 U.S. children would get serious and sometime fatal Hib infections each year, the CDC noted.

Merck spokeswoman Amy Rose said that problems with the vaccine's sterilization process necessitated recalling the vaccine and then stopping production. The vaccines are marketed as PedvaxHIB and Comvax.

To manage the shortage, health officials are recommending giving the Hib vaccine to infants, but holding off on a recommended booster shot for children age 12 to 15 months, except those at increased risk for Hib disease.

"Right now the recommendations are to make sure all children get the primary vaccine series, and providers should defer giving the booster dose until the vaccine supply increases," Jackson said. "We are not worried about sudden increases in Hib disease, but we are worried over time that, not having the booster, we could start to see increases in Hib," he said.

The agency is asking doctors, state health departments and state laboratories to increase their surveillance of Hib.

Jackson said tracking Hib cases isn't easy. There are many different types of influenzae and there are many steps involved in testing and reporting the various types, so information often gets lost along the way, he said.

"The information we are getting at CDC is that we are missing about 40 percent of cases," Jackson said. "That's a little worrisome because that's 40 percent of people we don't know if they have type b, which is the vaccine-preventable one, the one we are really worried about, or if they have something else. It makes it harder for us to see changes in Hib if there really is something going on in the population."

Dr. Marc Siegel, an associate professor of medicine at New York University School of Medicine, said parents shouldn't panic because of the vaccine shortage.

"There used to be 20,000 cases a year, but the vaccine has brought it to less than 100," Siegel said. "The numbers remain small. We've almost stamped this thing out with the vaccine, so don't assume your kid is going to get it."

More information

For more on Hib disease, visit the CDC.



SOURCES: Michael Jackson, Ph.D., epidemiologist, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta; Amy Rose, spokeswoman, Merck & Co., Whitehouse Station, N.J.; Marc Siegel, M.D., associate professor of medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York City; Nov. 21, 2008, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Signalife to Deploy Fidelity 100 Heart Monitors for AFL
2. Investigating causes of asthma attacks: New sensor system monitors environmental exposure
3. Omron Healthcare Develops Solar-Powered Digital Blood Pressure Monitors
4. Seizures in newborns can be detected with small, portable brain activity monitors
5. New implant device remotely monitors heart failure patients at Northwestern Memorial
6. Vest Monitors Individual Air Pollution
7. Critical blood shortages eased by new technology
8. Weekend labor shortage
9. Hartford Foundation awards grant to address geriatric social work shortage
10. Mismanagement at North Florida/South Georgia Veterans Health System Results in Chronic Staff Shortages, Budget Issues
11. Higher-risk kidneys may help solve organ shortage facing older adults
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Global law firm ... 2016 Legal Elite. The attorneys chosen by their peers for this recognition are considered ... Seven Greenberg Traurig Shareholders received special honors as members of this year’s Legal Elite ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Comfort Keepers® of ... Cancer Society and the Road To Recovery® program to drive cancer patients to and ... other adults to ensure the highest quality of life and ongoing independence. Getting ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... TX (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... People ... part in Genome magazine’s Code Talker Award, an essay contest in which patients and ... an award to be presented at the 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... The ... recognize Dr. Barry M. Weintraub as a prominent plastic surgeon and the network’s ... the world, and the most handsome men, look naturally attractive. Plastic surgery should ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Strategic Capital Partners, LLC (SCP) in ... investment capital for emerging technology companies. SCP has delivered investment events and ... more than a million dollars of capital investment for five companies. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016  MedSource announced today that it ... software solution of choice.  This latest decision demonstrates ... to their clients by offering a state-of-the-art electronic ... establishes nowEDC as the EDC platform of choice ... clients.  "nowEDC has long been a preferred EDC ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Calif. , June 23, 2016 Any dentist ... many challenges of the current process. Many of them do ... of the technical difficulties and high laboratory costs involved. And ... to offer it at such a high cost that the ... it. Dr. Parsa Zadeh , founder of ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- In a startling report released today, National Safety Council ... comprehensive, proven plan to eliminate prescription opioid overdoses. Prescription ... are tackling the worst drug crisis in recorded U.S. history, assigned ... Kentucky , New Mexico , ... 28 failing states, three – Michigan , ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: