Navigation Links
C-Section Babies May Be More Likely to Fail First Hearing Test
Date:6/12/2012

By Kathleen Doheny
HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, June 12 (HealthDay News) -- Infants delivered by Cesarean section are three times more likely than babies delivered vaginally to fail their first hearing test, which is performed shortly after birth, new research from Israel finds.

However, the researchers noted that parents should be aware of this difference, but not alarmed, because this hearing "problem" is typically temporary.

Dr. Tatiana Smolkin, a neonatal researcher at Rambam Medical Center in Haifa, Israel, who worked on the study, said the loss generally disappears after 72 hours.

"Fluids are retained in the middle ear," which seems to affect neonatal hearing, she explained.

U.S. experts agreed that parents should take the information in stride.

"I think the take-home message is if you have had a C-section be prepared there is a higher chance your baby is going to fail one of these hearing tests, whether or not they have a hearing loss," said Dr. Richard Rosenfeld, chair of otolaryngology at SUNY Downstate, in Brooklyn, N.Y. He co-chaired the committee that crafted the American Academy of Pediatrics' guidelines on the management of the middle ear problem known as otitis media with effusion.

Dr. Dennis Woo, a pediatrician at the University of California, Los Angeles, Medical Center in Santa Monica, said the problem is often transient, and if the testing were done three or four days after birth, the results would likely be very different.

"There is nothing worrisome here as far as for the parents," Woo said.

To be sure, parents need to follow up with the baby's pediatrician, the doctors agreed.

For the study, the Israeli researchers evaluated 1,653 newborns. Of these, 1,170 were delivered vaginally; the other 483 by C-section.

They looked at the babies' results on their first hearing test, known as the otoacoustic emissions test.

Otoacoustic emissions are sounds given off by the inner ear when the inner ear structure known as the cochlea is stimulated by a sound. When the sound occurs, the outer hair cells of the ear vibrate. This produces an almost inaudible sound that throws an echo back into the middle ear.

The person conducting the test inserts a small probe into the ear canal to measure the sound; those with certain levels of hearing loss do not produce these very soft sounds.

The test can also detect the presence of middle ear fluid, which can temporarily affect hearing.

In the study, nearly 21 percent of the C-section babies failed the test, while only a little more than 7 percent of those delivered vaginally did. The test was done before the babies were 48 hours old.

The risk of failing the test, overall, was also higher in those babies who had it before they were a day old.

In the United States, about one-third of births are Cesarean.

The study, published online June 11, appears in the July print issue of the journal Pediatrics.

As the babies got repeat tests, most had normal results. The researchers had to refer 10 who did not -- five delivered vaginally, and five C-section babies -- for a different test that evaluates auditory brainstem functioning. All of these infants passed this test.

The researchers suggested that the first hearing test after C-section should preferably be delayed until the baby is beyond 48 hours old.

C-section babies may be "a little different," Woo agreed.

Something about the vaginal birth process may help dissipate the middle ear fluid, said Rosenfeld, who wrote the book "A Parent's Guide to Ear Tubes," about the procedure done when middle ear fluid persists.

Parents might consider asking their pediatrician to delay the test beyond the first two days after birth. "It makes sense," Woo said.

More information

To learn more about infants' hearing, visit the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.

SOURCES: Richard Rosenfeld, M.D., M.P.H., professor and chair, otolaryngology, State University of New York Downstate, Brooklyn, N.Y.; author, "A Parent's Guide To Ear Tubes," and past president, American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology; Dennis Woo, M.D., pediatrician, University of California, Los Angeles, Medical Center, Santa Monica; Tatiana Smolkin, M.D., neonatal researcher, Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel; July 2012 Pediatrics


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Pesticides May Be Linked to Slightly Smaller Babies, Shorter Pregnancies
2. New pregnancy risk for babies and moms
3. More Unmarried Couples Having Babies: CDC
4. Babalung gets babies breathing again
5. Depressed Moms May Hinder Babies Sleep
6. Slow-growing babies more likely in normal-weight women; Less common in obese pregnancies
7. More Babies Today Have Irregular Head Shape: Expert
8. U.S. Sees Tripling of Babies Born Addicted to Painkillers
9. New report shows 15 million babies born too soon every year
10. Babies susceptibility to colds linked to immune response at birth
11. Overweight Moms More Apt to Have Large Babies, Study Says
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
C-Section Babies May Be More Likely to Fail First Hearing Test
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... How to Write Error Free ... http://www.fdanews.com/humanerrordrugdevice , Human error is known to be the major cause of ... will ever be totally eliminated, many human performance problems can be prevented. , How ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Regenerative Medicine is being transformed by ongoing research and clinical ... and patient results as have been achieved with Okyanos Cell Therapy are ... care for patients worldwide. , As the Medical Advisory Chairman at Okyanos, Eric Duckers, ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... treatment for physical disease or injury that focuses on repairing the musculoskeletal and ... , With an emphasis on functional restoration, NYDNRehab began providing treatments for physical ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... , ... A newly released report reveals that improving life outcomes for boys ... in face-to-face interactions and online. In “Heard, Not Judged – Insights into the Talents, ... of mobile digital devices can be an effective tool to help boys and men ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2016 , ... ... to advancing the science and clinical practice of radiosurgery, is recognizing five medical ... stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). The awards will be presented ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... , May 23, 2016 ... Market Size, Share, Development, Growth and Demand Forecast ... Single and Other), by Application (Drug Discovery and ... End Users (Pharmaceuticals, Life Science and Biotechnology, Academic ... P&S Market Research, the global mass spectrometry ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... , May 23, 2016 The World Health Organization ... device to include adolescents aged 13 years, and above. ... be offered for adult and adolescent males in the 14 ... . PrePex was the first male circumcision device to receive ... CEO, Eddy Horowitz said: " The expanded ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... -- Experts from various countries ... role of technology in innovative healthcare ... International Conference of VPS-Penn Medicine opened in Abu ... Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan, Minister of Culture and ... provide personalized medicine and tailor-made healthcare in disease treatment and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: