Navigation Links
Buckle up the right way: Motor vehicle child safety restraints
Date:6/6/2013

ROSEMONT, Ill.Supplemental child restraints should be used by all children through age 8. When appropriate child safety restraint systemsbased on a child's age and weightare in use during motor vehicle crashes, the rates of mortality and serious injury significantly decrease. Most parents don't know that their older childrenages 4 to 8should use additional measures to protect them from serious injury or death in case of a crash.

In a literature review appearing in the June 2013 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS), researchers highlight current North American child safety restraint systems usage recommendations and injury rates. The study found that even though most children up to age 3 were protected properly, almost half of the children killed were under age 5 and completely unrestrained in the vehicle.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's 2010 Fatal Injury Reports, National and Regional, motor vehicle crashes between 1999 to 2010 were the leading cause of death in children aged 1 to 17 years. But, child safety seats can reduce the risk of fatal injury by 71 percent for infants and 54 percent for toddlers in passenger cars.

"The safest position for a child is the rear center seat because side impact crashes are more likely to cause serious injury and fatality, with the greatest risk associated with perimeter seating," says lead author Dr. Walter H. Truong, a pediatric orthopaedic surgeon at Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare in Minnesota. The American Academy of Pediatrics advises parents to keep toddlers in rear-facing car seats until age 2.

Child Safety Restraint Systems By the Numbers

  • Less than half of parents (46%) knew that children 4 to 6-years old, weighing 40 to 60 pounds, should travel in a booster seat.
  • Forty-six percent of fatally injured children younger than age five were completely unrestrained during motor vehicle crashes.
  • Ninety seven percent of parents with children up to 3 years of age reported the use of a restraint system compared with only 42 percent of parents with children aged 4 to 6 years.
  • Even when safety restraints are used, up to 99 percent of children in certain age groups are not using the recommended restraints.
  • "Seat belt syndrome" is a real danger for children in the 4 to 8-year age group who are prematurely graduated to seat belts alone. The improperly positioned seat belt can cause hip and abdominal contusions, intra-abdominal injuries, pelvic fractures and lumbar spine injuries.
  • Booster seats minimize abdominal injuries that have been associated with the use of seat belts alone in the 4 to 7-year age group.
  • Forward-facing car seats reduced serious injury and hospitalization for children aged 1 to 4 years old by 78 to 79 percent compared to seat belts alone.
  • The back seat is the right place for children. In the presence of dual airbags, children younger than 10 years of age who were involved in a frontal collision were 34 percent more likely to be killed in the front seat.

-more-

Findings and Recommendations

  • Rear-facing child seats should be used for children at least until 2 years of age and at least 20 pounds. These seats can be used beyond these guidelines if the child fits comfortably in the seat.
  • Forward-facing child seats should be used for children through 4, or until the child weighs more than 40 pounds. They can be used beyond this time if the child still fits comfortably.
  • Booster child seats should be used for children aged 5 to 8, or for children weighing 40 to 60 pounds. These can reduce or eliminate injuries from seat belt position in case of a collision.
  • Children should always ride in the back seat, especially when dual air bags are present.
  • Lack of awareness, rather than cost, is the main reason for improper restraint system use and airbag knowledge. Appropriately targeted education programs should continue to be developed for those who put children in restraint systems.
  • Physician education and active participation in patient education regarding proper use of child safety restraints is vital to optimizing parental understanding of proper recommendations.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kayee Ip
ip@aaos.org
847-384-4035
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Obese Drivers Less Likely to Buckle Up: Study
2. Stricter Seat Belt Laws Get Teens to Buckle Up, Study Shows
3. Minnesota Becomes the Second State to Pass a Homeowners Bill of Rights
4. Church of Scientology Honors Florida Human Rights Volunteer
5. Ohio Auto Accident News: Dayton Car Accident Negligence Lawsuit Filed By Wright & Schulte LLC On Behalf of North Carolina Man
6. Metal-On-Metal Hips To Be Phased Out By DePuy Orthopaedics: Production of All ASR Metal-On-Metal Pinnacle Hip Implants To End By August 2013, Reports Wright & Schulte
7. C8 Lawsuit News: First Status Conference Conducted in Federal DuPont C8 Litigation, Wright & Schulte LLC Reports
8. DePuy ASR Hip Implant Lawyers at Wright & Schulte LLC Pleased with Judge’s Decision to Uphold $8.3 Million Award in California DePuy ASR Hip Lawsuit Trial
9. Skechers Lawsuit Filed by Wright & Schulte on Behalf of Virginia Man Who Suffered Serious Back Injuries Allegedly Due to Use of Defectively Designed Shape-Ups
10. Vaginal Mesh Lawsuit Filed by Wright & Schulte LLC on Behalf of Iowa Woman Who Sustained Severe, Permanent Injuries Allegedly Due to Defective Ethicon Bladder Mesh
11. Public Citizen, Demand Progress and RxRights.org Join Others Opposing U.S. Pharmacy Industry Group From Controlling “.Pharmacy” Domain Registration
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture animations, FCPX ... Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package transforms over ... Cut Pro X . Simply select a ProHand generator and drag it above media ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... , ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional wisdom preaches ... success. In terms of the latter, setting the bar too high can result in ... than just slow progress toward their goal. , Research from PsychTests.com ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... and Scientific Sessions in Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants ... grants came as PHA marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Plano, TX (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... taking part in Genome magazine’s Code Talker Award, an essay contest in which patients ... for an award to be presented at the 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... National recruitment ... a life sciences executive with extensive sequencing and genomics experience, as Vice President of ... position, Ms. Hill will be responsible for leading the sales team in the commercialization ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... PUNE, India , June 24, 2016 ... "Pen Needles Market by Type (Standard Pen Needles, Safety ... 12mm), Therapy (Insulin, GLP-1, Growth Hormone), Mode of Purchase ... published by MarketsandMarkets, This report studies the market for ... is expected to reach USD 2.81 Billion by 2021 ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Belgium , June 24, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the appointment of Dr. Edward Futcher ... a Non-Executive Director, effective June 23, 2016.Dr. Futcher ... and Nominations and Governance Committees.  As a non-executive ... provide independent expertise and strategic counsel to VolitionRx ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016  MedSource announced ... as its e-clinical software solution of choice.  This ... best possible value to their clients by offering ... The preferred relationship establishes nowEDC as the EDC ... for MedSource,s full-service clients.  "nowEDC has long been ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: