Navigation Links
Brothers of prostate cancer patients undergo more diagnostic activities
Date:8/19/2010

The brothers of men with prostate cancer are at an increased risk of prostate cancer diagnosis because of increased diagnostic activity and not necessarily because they carry a genetic mutation that increases risk of the disease, according to a study published online August 19 in The Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Family history is a stronger risk for prostate cancer than for many other cancers and many epidemiological studies have shown an increased risk of the disease for brothers and sons of men with the disease. Since the introduction and wide-spread usage of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test in the early 1990s, the sons and brothers of men with prostate cancer have undergone more diagnostic activity.

To determine whether or not estimates of the familial risk of prostate cancer may be at least partially inflated by detection bias from increased diagnostic activity, Ola Bratt, M.D., of the urology department at the Helsingborg Hospital in Sweden, and colleagues, looked at data from the Prostate Cancer Database Sweden for patients who were diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1996 and 2006 and who were registered in the National Prostate Cancer Registry.

Their analysis included 22,511 brothers of 13,975 "index patients," who were prostate cancer patients with one or more brother and their fathers registered in Sweden's Multi-Generation Register, which includes family information for Swedish residents born starting in 1932.

The researchers found that incidence of prostate cancer was higher among brothers of prostate cancer patients than men of the same age in Sweden and that the incidence was higher still among men with both a brother and father with prostate cancer. Incidence was highest among men who had two brothers with prostate cancer.

However, the type of cancer most often detected was early-stage prostate cancer, which is typically detected by a PSA test and may or may not become clinically relevant.

The researchers also found that incidence of prostate cancer diagnosis among brothers of index patients was highest during the first year after the index patient's diagnosis.

Overall incidence of prostate cancer increased sharply in Sweden between 1999 and 2006, and a higher socio-economic status was associated with statistically significant increased risk of a prostate cancer diagnosis.

The authors conclude: "The increased diagnostic activity among men with a family history of prostate cancer, which we observed, will inflate family history as a risk factor for prostate cancer in populations of men who commonly receive PSA testing."

This finding could have clinical relevance, they report. "When counseling men about their risk of hereditary predisposition to prostate cancer, one should consider the possibility that a familial aggregation of prostate cancer may be at least partially caused by increased diagnostic activity," the authors write.

In an accompanying editorial, Ian M. Thompson, M.D., of The University of Texas, and colleagues, writes that assessments of variables affecting prostate cancer risk run the risk of unknown biases in most studies. They write: "Perhaps the best tactic would be to change our approach from seeking risk factors for prostate cancer to an assessment of factors related to biologically consequential prostate cancer."


'/>"/>

Contact: Kristine Crane
jncimedia@oxfordjournals.org
301-841-1285
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. AthletiCo Employees Raise over $34,000 for Big Brothers Big Sisters of Metropolitan Chicago
2. AthletiCo Employees Raise over $34,000 for Big Brothers Big Sisters of Metropolitan Chicago
3. Spring Into A New Toll Brothers Dream Home During the National Spring Sales Event April 24 - May 2
4. Cleveland Cavalier Darnell Jackson teams with Big Brothers Big Sisters of Greater Cleveland to Issue “Mentoring Challenge”
5. Docs Shying Away From Drug That May Prevent Prostate Cancer
6. Study shows physicians reluctant to use chemoprevention for prostate cancer
7. Inhibiting prostate cancer without disturbing regular body processes
8. Surgery better than radiation, hormone treatments for some prostate cancer, study shows
9. Laser may reduce prostate surgerys sexual side effects
10. Purdue-IU team uncovers potential prostate cancer marker
11. New technique in robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... Diagnotes, ... by Tidelands Health, a three hospital system in South Carolina, to provide its ... lookout for technology that enhances communication, drives workflow efficiencies and improves provider and ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 , ... Park Cities ... live in or adjacent to the 75204, 75205, 75206, 75209, 75219, 75220, 75225, 75229, ... Greenway Parks, Bluffview, Midway Hollow, North Dallas, Plano, Preston Hollow and Park Cities areas ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... Corner, VA (PRWEB) , ... May 03, 2016 ... ... leading provider of innovative information technology (IT) solutions and digital consulting services to ... Enterprise Information Technology Services (EITS) Indefinite Delivery / Indefinite Quantity (ID/IQ) contract in ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... California (PRWEB) , ... May ... ... leading provider of Microsoft secure remote access connectivity solutions, today announced the ... platform for Microsoft DirectAccess. The new Celestix SecureAccess release will enable organizations ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Dave Newberry, broker/owner of Newberry Realty, recently announced his office ... luncheon on Friday, May 20. “We have raised over $1,000 for the table to ... Newberry. , PICC is a local Kent, WA, clinic that cares for drug-exposed babies ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... 2016  As a teenager, an active and athletic ... damaged his heart. He continued enjoying sports and recreation ... Shepherd,s heart was giving out and he was a ... 2013, the Mesa, Arizona resident ... a heart transplant, the SynCardia TAH-t is the only ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... , May 3, 2016  While you may be familiar with watching a film or TV ... known as ultra-high-definition or 8MP in the Medical Industry.  Ampronix  is a renowned authorized reseller ... technology. Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160502/362730 ... ... ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... , May 3, 2016 ... pay $55 million to a woman who says its ... court awarded Gloria Ristesund $5 million in ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO ) , ... accusations against the company. In February, the same court ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: