Navigation Links
Brooding Russians: Less distressed than Americans
Date:7/13/2010

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Dostoyevsky and Tolstoy portrayed Russians as a brooding, complicated people, and ethnographers have confirmed that Russians tend to focus on dark feelings and memories more than Westerners do. But a new University of Michigan study finds that even though Russians tend to brood, they are less likely than Americans to feel as depressed as a result.

"Among Westerners, focusing on one's negative feelings tends to impair well-being, but among Russians, that is not the case," said U-M researcher Igor Grossmann, who co-authored a study to be published in the August issue of Psychological Science, with Ethan Kross, a faculty associate at the U-M Institute for Social Research and an assistant professor of psychology.

"Russians focus more on their negative feelings than Americans do, but they spontaneously distance themselves from their emotions to a greater extent than Americans, who tend to immerse themselves in their recalled experiences."

Grossmann, a doctoral candidate in psychology, is a native of Ukraine. He is the winner of the 2010 Daniel Katz Dissertation Fellowship in Psychology, supported by ISR.

The article reports on the outcomes of two separate studies conducted with funding from the National Institute of Mental Health. In one study, the researchers examined the prevalence of self-reflection and depression among 85 U.S. students and 83 Russian students. Participants completed tests designed to measure their levels of brooding, and their level of depressive symptoms. The researchers found that Russians were more likely to brood, but that doing so was associated with fewer depressive symptoms than the Americans.

In the second study, 86 U.S. and 76 Russian students were asked to recall and analyze their "deepest thoughts and feelings" about a recent unpleasant interpersonal experience. The researchers measured their level of distress after this exercise. Then participants were asked to indicate the extent to which they adopted a self-immersed perspective (seeing the event replay through their own eyes as if they were right there) versus a self-distanced perspective (watching the event unfold as an observer, in which they could see themselves from afar) while analyzing their feelings.

Compared to the Americans, the Russians showed less distress after recalling the experience, and were less likely to blame the other person in their analysis of the experience. Importantly, Russians also indicated that they were more likely than Americans to spontaneously distance themselves from their experience while analyzing their feelings. And this tendency to self-distance was linked with lower levels of distress and blame.

According to Grossmann, the overall findings of both studies suggest that culture modulates the emotional and cognitive consequences of reflecting over negative experiences. The findings also suggest why this is the case---some groups of people may spontaneously distance themselves more when analyzing negative experiences than do other groups.

"These findings add to a growing body of research demonstrating that it's possible for people to reflect on negative experiences either adaptively or maladaptively," Grossmann said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
Swanbrow@umich.edu
734-647-9069
University of Michigan
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Luth Researchs IndicatorEDG(TM) Study Finds Americans Hopes of Achieving Their Dreams Are Fading
2. Majority of Americans Approve of President Obamas Handling of Afghanistan and National Security But Disapprove of Handling of Economic Issues, Per Franklin & Marshall College Poll With Hearst Television
3. 57 Million Americans Sickened by H1N1 Flu: CDC
4. One in Ten Americans Visited a Health Insurance Site in Q4 2009
5. Most Americans Think Its Others Who Are Unhealthy
6. Americans Recognize Risk of Fire to Older Adults
7. County-By-County Report Sizes Up Americans Health
8. Americans Falling Short on Heart-Healthy Fruits and Vegetables
9. Rising Use of Medical Technologies Extending Americans Lives
10. “Hearts and Minds” Education Program Launched: On Average, People with Mental illness Live 25 Years Less than Other Americans
11. African-Americans attitudes about lung cancer may hinder prevention
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... ... Twenty years ago it was revolutionary: enabling the people who hear distressing voices ... But this approach has proven transformative, both for people who hear voices and for ... is used around the world, but it still lags in the United States. , ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 31, 2016 , ... ... commercial molecular diagnostics device that enables unprecedented portability and convenience. , The Cube ... four inches cubed in size, the Cube fits easily into any space, whether ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... May 31, 2016 , ... WaterField ... for digital-minded professionals, announces the waxed-canvas and leather Duo Dopp Kit , the ... waxed canvas or ballistic nylon, the Duo is smartly designed for Dad’s ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... , ... Phynd Technologies, Inc. announced recently the signing of three new hospitals: ... Medical Center – Somers Point, NJ. The new clients range in bed size from ... of Phynd’s solution and its interoperability. , Houston Methodist is a leading academic medical ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... ... firm and statement solutions provider, for the tenth consecutive year as a ... issue of Advertising Age, and SourceLink ranked eighteenth in the “U.S. CRM/Direct Marketing ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/30/2016)... , May 30, 2016 ... H1 2016" market research report with comprehensive information ... with comparative analysis at various stages, therapeutics assessment ... of administration (RoA) and molecule type, along with ... It also reviews key players involved in the ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... 2016 According to the 2016 ... driving ambulatory blood pressure monitoring system market growth. With ... ability to respond to different pressure rates, leading to ... to various cardiovascular disorders such as heart failure, stroke, ... are growing in prevalence each year. WHO estimates that ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... , May 27, 2016 The ... manufacturers, health insurance companies all falling under its umbrella.  ... companies. While not often talked about, these healthcare companies ... United States is by far the largest ... Medical Isotope Corp. (OTC: ADMD), Nutranomics Inc. (OTC: NNRX), ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: