Navigation Links
Brooding Russians: Less distressed than Americans
Date:7/13/2010

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Dostoyevsky and Tolstoy portrayed Russians as a brooding, complicated people, and ethnographers have confirmed that Russians tend to focus on dark feelings and memories more than Westerners do. But a new University of Michigan study finds that even though Russians tend to brood, they are less likely than Americans to feel as depressed as a result.

"Among Westerners, focusing on one's negative feelings tends to impair well-being, but among Russians, that is not the case," said U-M researcher Igor Grossmann, who co-authored a study to be published in the August issue of Psychological Science, with Ethan Kross, a faculty associate at the U-M Institute for Social Research and an assistant professor of psychology.

"Russians focus more on their negative feelings than Americans do, but they spontaneously distance themselves from their emotions to a greater extent than Americans, who tend to immerse themselves in their recalled experiences."

Grossmann, a doctoral candidate in psychology, is a native of Ukraine. He is the winner of the 2010 Daniel Katz Dissertation Fellowship in Psychology, supported by ISR.

The article reports on the outcomes of two separate studies conducted with funding from the National Institute of Mental Health. In one study, the researchers examined the prevalence of self-reflection and depression among 85 U.S. students and 83 Russian students. Participants completed tests designed to measure their levels of brooding, and their level of depressive symptoms. The researchers found that Russians were more likely to brood, but that doing so was associated with fewer depressive symptoms than the Americans.

In the second study, 86 U.S. and 76 Russian students were asked to recall and analyze their "deepest thoughts and feelings" about a recent unpleasant interpersonal experience. The researchers measured their level of distress after this exercise. Then participants were asked to indicate the extent to which they adopted a self-immersed perspective (seeing the event replay through their own eyes as if they were right there) versus a self-distanced perspective (watching the event unfold as an observer, in which they could see themselves from afar) while analyzing their feelings.

Compared to the Americans, the Russians showed less distress after recalling the experience, and were less likely to blame the other person in their analysis of the experience. Importantly, Russians also indicated that they were more likely than Americans to spontaneously distance themselves from their experience while analyzing their feelings. And this tendency to self-distance was linked with lower levels of distress and blame.

According to Grossmann, the overall findings of both studies suggest that culture modulates the emotional and cognitive consequences of reflecting over negative experiences. The findings also suggest why this is the case---some groups of people may spontaneously distance themselves more when analyzing negative experiences than do other groups.

"These findings add to a growing body of research demonstrating that it's possible for people to reflect on negative experiences either adaptively or maladaptively," Grossmann said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
Swanbrow@umich.edu
734-647-9069
University of Michigan
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Luth Researchs IndicatorEDG(TM) Study Finds Americans Hopes of Achieving Their Dreams Are Fading
2. Majority of Americans Approve of President Obamas Handling of Afghanistan and National Security But Disapprove of Handling of Economic Issues, Per Franklin & Marshall College Poll With Hearst Television
3. 57 Million Americans Sickened by H1N1 Flu: CDC
4. One in Ten Americans Visited a Health Insurance Site in Q4 2009
5. Most Americans Think Its Others Who Are Unhealthy
6. Americans Recognize Risk of Fire to Older Adults
7. County-By-County Report Sizes Up Americans Health
8. Americans Falling Short on Heart-Healthy Fruits and Vegetables
9. Rising Use of Medical Technologies Extending Americans Lives
10. “Hearts and Minds” Education Program Launched: On Average, People with Mental illness Live 25 Years Less than Other Americans
11. African-Americans attitudes about lung cancer may hinder prevention
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 03, 2016 , ... ... Shaping" at the 2016 Anti-Aging & Beauty Awards at The Aesthetic ... Aesthetic & Anti-Aging Medicine European Congress (AMEC) brings together the industry’s leading ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... , ... Responsible dental care hinges on regular brushing of the teeth. However, ... important necessity inspired an inventor from Las Vegas, Nev., to design the BRUSH PROPER. ... or avoid bad techniques of brushing the teeth in order to prevent cavities," he ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... For over twenty-four years, Doctors on Liens has published a ... find high quality medical care. When the company started in 1997, the directory was ... present day and the now ten-page directory features a vast array of medical specialists ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Raleigh, NC (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... the Open Enrollment Period (or Annual Election Period), is ending December 7th. Currently-enrolled Medicare ... plan (Part C) or prescription drug plan (Part D) need to make changes during ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... , ... More than half of American teens report losing their virginity before ... their child about sex related topics, less than 60 percent spoke about deeper themes ... the launch of its second edition of the “Sexual Wellness” campaign, aiming to address ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... DUBLIN , Dec 2, 2016 Research ... Market Size, Share, Development, Growth and Demand Forecast to 2022" report ... , , ... revenue of $6 billion in 2015, and it is expected to grow ... ultrasound segment is expected to witness faster growth during the forecast period, ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2016  PipelineRx, a leading medication management technology ... demonstrations of its SaaS-based telepharmacy platform, PowerGridRx™ ... 2016 Midyear Clinical Meeting and Exhibition, December 5-7 ... nearly 300 hospital clients nationally, the Company is ... to dramatically improve pharmacy operations, enhance patient safety, ...
(Date:12/2/2016)...  The Addiction Treatment Advisory Group (ATAG), created ... Pharmacy (AMCP), has released detailed findings on how ... addiction crisis, including through improved access to naloxone ... newly released paper, "The Role of Managed Care ... issues around gaps and barriers to addiction treatment ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: