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Breastfeeding, other factors may affect risk of breast cancer type
Date:8/25/2008

Factors such as age at menopause as well as a woman's breastfeeding practices can influence her risk of developing certain types of breast cancer. That was the conclusion of a new study published in the October 1, 2008 issue of CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society. The study's results suggest that there are distinct and separate hormonal risk factors associated with different subtypes of breast cancer.

Clinical differences among breast cancer subtypes have been well-described, but researchers have limited data on how the various subtypes arise and which individuals are at greatest risk. Having this information could help physicians identify which women are more likely to develop certain subtypes of breast cancer, which respond differently to different anti-cancer therapies and have very different survival rates.

Amanda Phipps, a predoctoral research associate at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, and her colleagues conducted a study to better understand the specific risk factors for the subtypes of breast cancer, which are classified by expression of the estrogen receptor, the progesterone receptor, and the HER2 receptor. Some breast cancer types express one or more of these proteins on their cell surface, while others express none. The research team suspected that reproductive or hormonal factors may play a significant role in a woman's risk of developing different subtypes because these cell receptors are influenced by endogenous sex hormones.

For their study, the scientists pooled two population-based studies of breast cancer in women aged 55-79 years. Their analysis included 1,023 women with breast cancer whose cells express the estrogen and progesterone receptors (called luminal cancers), 39 women with HER2-overexpressing breast cancer, and 78 triple-negative cases (no expression of estrogen, progesterone, or HER2 receptors). The study also included 1,476 women without breast
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Contact: David Sampson
david.sampson@cancer.org
American Cancer Society
Source:Eurekalert

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