Navigation Links
Breast-Milk Compound May Shield Babies From HIV
Date:8/17/2012

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- A compound found in breast milk may help prevent HIV-infected mothers from passing the virus on to their infants, a new study suggests.

"In developing countries, HIV-infected mothers are faced with the decision of whether or not to breast-feed their babies," study leader Lars Bode, an assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, said in a school news release. "Breast-feeding exposes the baby to the virus and increases the risk of the baby dying from HIV infection, but not breast-feeding increases the risk for the baby to die from other intestinal or respiratory infections."

Bode and his colleagues set out to find out why the vast majority of breast-fed infants -- estimated by the study authors to be between 85 percent and 90 percent -- don't acquire the AIDS-causing virus.

The team of international researchers said certain components in breast milk known as human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) may offer babies protection from HIV. HMO is a type of carbohydrate made up of several simple sugars that aren't digestible. They accumulate on the surfaces of infants' gastrointestinal tract, the researchers said.

The scientists analyzed HMO levels and composition in the breast milk of more than 200 HIV-positive women involved in a study in Zambia, Africa. The women's infants were followed from birth until they were 24 months old.

The study found that higher concentrations of HMO in breast milk were associated with greater protection against the spread of HIV to babies.

"HMO act as prebiotics that promote the growth of desirable bacterial communities in the infant's intestine," Bode said. They also are involved in immune cell responses and serve as decoys, preventing pathogens from binding to cells, he said.

The study uncovered a link between HMO levels and the risk of HIV infection, but did not prove that the compound blocks the virus.

The researchers suggested that more research on HMO might lead to better protection against HIV, and possibly the development of improved antiretroviral drugs.

The study was published in the Aug. 15 online edition of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

More information

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services provides more information on the benefits of breast-feeding.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: University of California, San Diego, news release, Aug. 15, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Natural Sciences Repository Publishes Chromatography and Acidic Compounds Resources
2. Could Compound in Artificial Sweeteners Worsen Crohns Disease?
3. Biosynthetic grape-derived compound prevents progression of Alzheimers disease in mice
4. Novel compound demonstrates anti-leukemic effect in zebrafish, shows promise for human treatment
5. Red wine, fruit compound could help block fat cell formation
6. Exercise Can Shield the Aging Brain, Studies Show
7. Simple Steps Can Shield Children From Dog Bites
8. Spectrum Surgical Offers Face Shield Visor for Decontamination
9. Having a Purpose in Life May Help Shield You From Dementia
10. Strawberry birthmarks grow rapidly when babies just weeks old, Mayo Clinic finds
11. Protective bacteria in the infant gut have resourceful way of helping babies break down breast milk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... Miami Periodontist ... 2017 Oral Reconstruction Foundation’s 2017 Symposium on Tissue Regeneration and Implant Dentistry held ... its annual Global Symposium at the Fontainebleau Hotel located in Miami Beach, FL. ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... Greensboro, NC and Seattle, WA (PRWEB) , ... ... ... currently utilized by 75+ leading lifestyle brands, work wear distributors and International relief ... diseases they can carry. The company also offers lifestyle and work wear collections ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... A 2-in-1 ... the same place. From 101 Water Texas, here are the ways in which ... enjoy a continuous supply of pure, fresh, oxygenated water, with both cold and ...
(Date:4/23/2017)... , ... April 23, 2017 , ... ... managed services announced the achievement of Cisco Select certification and SMB specialization. ... United States. , In earning the Select Certification, Altura fulfilled the ...
(Date:4/22/2017)... ... April 22, 2017 , ... ... PROSHRED® Security of Philadelphia its “Woman-Owned Small Business of the Year, ... providing information destruction , recycling, and compliance services to businesses throughout ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... -- Companion animal vaccines are ... such as canine, avian and feline. ... as Attenuated Live Vaccines, Conjugate Vaccines, Inactivated Vaccines, ... Vaccines. Attenuated live vaccines are derived from disease-causing ... been weakend under laboratory conditions. Conjugate vaccines are ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... April 19, 2017  Novartis today announced the ... Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the ... of patients with treatment-naïve severe aplastic anemia (SAA) ... with eltrombopag at the initiation of and concurrently ... evaluated three sequential treatment groups, or cohorts. Cohort ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... 18, 2017  Cardinal Health (NYSE: CAH ... 2017 earnings per share (EPS) guidance and providing a ... in conjunction with this morning,s announcement of the planned ... Nutritional Insufficiency businesses. Cardinal Health now believes ... be at the bottom of its previous guidance range ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: