Navigation Links
Breast-Milk Compound May Shield Babies From HIV

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- A compound found in breast milk may help prevent HIV-infected mothers from passing the virus on to their infants, a new study suggests.

"In developing countries, HIV-infected mothers are faced with the decision of whether or not to breast-feed their babies," study leader Lars Bode, an assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, said in a school news release. "Breast-feeding exposes the baby to the virus and increases the risk of the baby dying from HIV infection, but not breast-feeding increases the risk for the baby to die from other intestinal or respiratory infections."

Bode and his colleagues set out to find out why the vast majority of breast-fed infants -- estimated by the study authors to be between 85 percent and 90 percent -- don't acquire the AIDS-causing virus.

The team of international researchers said certain components in breast milk known as human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) may offer babies protection from HIV. HMO is a type of carbohydrate made up of several simple sugars that aren't digestible. They accumulate on the surfaces of infants' gastrointestinal tract, the researchers said.

The scientists analyzed HMO levels and composition in the breast milk of more than 200 HIV-positive women involved in a study in Zambia, Africa. The women's infants were followed from birth until they were 24 months old.

The study found that higher concentrations of HMO in breast milk were associated with greater protection against the spread of HIV to babies.

"HMO act as prebiotics that promote the growth of desirable bacterial communities in the infant's intestine," Bode said. They also are involved in immune cell responses and serve as decoys, preventing pathogens from binding to cells, he said.

The study uncovered a link between HMO levels and the risk of HIV infection, but did not prove that the compound blocks the virus.

The researchers suggested that more research on HMO might lead to better protection against HIV, and possibly the development of improved antiretroviral drugs.

The study was published in the Aug. 15 online edition of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

More information

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services provides more information on the benefits of breast-feeding.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: University of California, San Diego, news release, Aug. 15, 2012

Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Natural Sciences Repository Publishes Chromatography and Acidic Compounds Resources
2. Could Compound in Artificial Sweeteners Worsen Crohns Disease?
3. Biosynthetic grape-derived compound prevents progression of Alzheimers disease in mice
4. Novel compound demonstrates anti-leukemic effect in zebrafish, shows promise for human treatment
5. Red wine, fruit compound could help block fat cell formation
6. Exercise Can Shield the Aging Brain, Studies Show
7. Simple Steps Can Shield Children From Dog Bites
8. Spectrum Surgical Offers Face Shield Visor for Decontamination
9. Having a Purpose in Life May Help Shield You From Dementia
10. Strawberry birthmarks grow rapidly when babies just weeks old, Mayo Clinic finds
11. Protective bacteria in the infant gut have resourceful way of helping babies break down breast milk
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... ... On November 23rd 2015 Cozy Products, a division of Bird-X Incorporated, ... explains what this means for business moving forward. , The Tri Lite heater business ... to sell personal heaters that reduce energy consumption, are economical and keep people warm ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... of music, friendships, and learning in its 65th Anniversary Brillianteen Revue, scheduled for ... , For 65 years, Brillianteen has been a treasured tradition for ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 25, 2015 , ... Castlewood Treatment Center for Eating Disorders, ... as a result of the $20,000 raised at the center’s recent golf ... Club in Eureka, will help individuals who otherwise might not seek treatment for ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... ... An unlikely combination of recycled plastic shopping bags in ... to have a more dignified and comfortable night’s sleep. , Residents of Friendship ... bags into sleeping mats for the homeless. The project, according to Jeannette ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Students and parents have something ... winners of the Create Real Impact awards. California Casualty is proud to ... the tide of distracted and reckless driving, the number one killer of young drivers. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... COMMACK , Nueva York ... Avery Biomedical Devices (ABD), fabricante del Avery Breathing ... Anders Jonzon , MD; Ph.D. como consultor ...   --> Foto - ... --> El doctor Jonzon es un ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 2015 Sectra (STO: SECT B) ... into a multi-year agreement to deploy Breast Imaging ... provide the Breast Center a future-proof platform capable of ... SECT B) announces that Breast Center of Acadiana ... Breast Imaging PACS in its two freestanding imaging centers. This ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... and BERN, Switzerland , November 24, ... Center for Biomedical Engineering Research of the University of ... of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Clinical Nutrition of the Bern ... of an exclusive collaboration to develop a novel generation ... the personalised delivery of insulin for diabetic patients with ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: