Navigation Links
Breast-Milk Compound May Shield Babies From HIV
Date:8/17/2012

FRIDAY, Aug. 17 (HealthDay News) -- A compound found in breast milk may help prevent HIV-infected mothers from passing the virus on to their infants, a new study suggests.

"In developing countries, HIV-infected mothers are faced with the decision of whether or not to breast-feed their babies," study leader Lars Bode, an assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine, said in a school news release. "Breast-feeding exposes the baby to the virus and increases the risk of the baby dying from HIV infection, but not breast-feeding increases the risk for the baby to die from other intestinal or respiratory infections."

Bode and his colleagues set out to find out why the vast majority of breast-fed infants -- estimated by the study authors to be between 85 percent and 90 percent -- don't acquire the AIDS-causing virus.

The team of international researchers said certain components in breast milk known as human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) may offer babies protection from HIV. HMO is a type of carbohydrate made up of several simple sugars that aren't digestible. They accumulate on the surfaces of infants' gastrointestinal tract, the researchers said.

The scientists analyzed HMO levels and composition in the breast milk of more than 200 HIV-positive women involved in a study in Zambia, Africa. The women's infants were followed from birth until they were 24 months old.

The study found that higher concentrations of HMO in breast milk were associated with greater protection against the spread of HIV to babies.

"HMO act as prebiotics that promote the growth of desirable bacterial communities in the infant's intestine," Bode said. They also are involved in immune cell responses and serve as decoys, preventing pathogens from binding to cells, he said.

The study uncovered a link between HMO levels and the risk of HIV infection, but did not prove that the compound blocks the virus.

The researchers suggested that more research on HMO might lead to better protection against HIV, and possibly the development of improved antiretroviral drugs.

The study was published in the Aug. 15 online edition of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

More information

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services provides more information on the benefits of breast-feeding.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: University of California, San Diego, news release, Aug. 15, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Natural Sciences Repository Publishes Chromatography and Acidic Compounds Resources
2. Could Compound in Artificial Sweeteners Worsen Crohns Disease?
3. Biosynthetic grape-derived compound prevents progression of Alzheimers disease in mice
4. Novel compound demonstrates anti-leukemic effect in zebrafish, shows promise for human treatment
5. Red wine, fruit compound could help block fat cell formation
6. Exercise Can Shield the Aging Brain, Studies Show
7. Simple Steps Can Shield Children From Dog Bites
8. Spectrum Surgical Offers Face Shield Visor for Decontamination
9. Having a Purpose in Life May Help Shield You From Dementia
10. Strawberry birthmarks grow rapidly when babies just weeks old, Mayo Clinic finds
11. Protective bacteria in the infant gut have resourceful way of helping babies break down breast milk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “Finding Christ Through Social Media: ... journal chronicling the writer’s path toward true communion with God. “Finding Christ Through ... is the creation of published author Lea Michelle Johnson, a follower of Christ, ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... collection of inspiring stories about real people of God in congregations across the ... John Miller, a Presbyterian minister ordained in 1964 who has served congregations in ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... A recent report from the National Council on Teacher Quality ... report suggests, based on a review of GPA and SAT/ACT requirements at 221 institutions ... U.S. It argues that this higher bar should be set by states, by the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... New Braunfels, TX (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... a new clinic, located at 960 Gruene Road in Building 2. The clinic is ... co-owner Dr. Andrew Bennett, PT, says opening the company’s second New Braunfels location brings ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... The MBI “Hall of Fame” recognizes the contributions of those whose careers ... impact on the careers of all others involved. , On Monday, March 21st, ... MBI’s Hall of Fame. The induction took place during the World of Modular – ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... , Mar. 24, 2017 Research and Markets has ... Analysis, 2016" report to their offering. ... The IPF pipeline is very strong with a total ... & Co., Inc., Biogen and Sanofi are involved in the development of ... which one is in Phase III stage, 15 are in Phase II ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... YORK , March 24, 2017 ... and Equipment stocks, which are: Neovasc Inc. (NASDAQ: NVCN), Hologic ... Heart Inc. (NASDAQ: SSH ). These companies are ... its prior gains on Thursday, March 23 rd , 2017, ... afternoon, while shares of health care companies in the S&P ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... surveys with 9,250 insured consumers fielded from February 2015 ... help from their plans in five key areas: 1) ... help closing gaps in care, 3) better digital connections, ... real-time guidance. Meeting these needs is essential to promoting ... A Reason to Stay Engaged in Health ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: