Navigation Links
Brain signs of schizophrenia found in babies
Date:6/21/2010

CHAPEL HILL Schizophrenia is a debilitating mental disorder affecting one in 100 people worldwide. Most cases aren't detected until a person starts experiencing symptoms like delusions and hallucinations as a teenager or adult. By that time, the disease has often progressed so far that it can be difficult to treat.

In a paper published recently online by the American Journal of Psychiatry, researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Columbia University provide the first evidence that brain abnormalities associated with schizophrenia risk are detectable in babies only a few weeks old.

"It allows us to start thinking about how we can identify kids at risk for schizophrenia very early and whether there things that we can do very early on to lessen the risk," said lead study author John H. Gilmore, MD, professor of psychiatry and director of the UNC Schizophrenia Research Center.

The scientists used ultrasound and MRI to examine brain development in 26 babies born to mothers with schizophrenia. Having a first-degree relative with the disease raises a person's risk of schizophrenia to one in 10. Among boys, the high-risk babies had larger brains and larger lateral ventriclesfluid-filled spaces in the brainthan babies of mothers with no psychiatric illness.

"Could it be that enlargement is an early marker of a brain that's going to be different?" Gilmore speculated. Larger brain size in infants is also associated with autism.

The researchers found no difference in brain size among girls in the study. This fits the overall pattern of schizophrenia, which is more common, and often more severe, in males.

The findings do not necessarily mean the boys with larger brains will develop schizophrenia. Relatives of people with schizophrenia sometimes have subtle brain abnormalities but exhibit few or no symptoms.

"This is just the very beginning," said Gilmore. "We're following these children through childhood." The team will continue to measure the children's brains and will also track their language skills, motor skills and memory development. They will also continue to recruit women to the study to increase the sample size.

This research provides the first indication that brain abnormalities associated with schizophrenia can be detected early in life. Improving early detection could allow doctors to develop new approaches to prevent high-risk children from developing the disease. "The research will give us a better sense of when brain development becomes different," said Gilmore. "And that will help us target interventions."


'/>"/>

Contact: Les Lang
llang@med.unc.edu
919-966-9366
University of North Carolina School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. 3-D Brain Navigation, Minimally Invasive Surgery Combine to Help Neurosurgeon Remove Tennis Ball-Sized Tumor
2. Reinvent your Mental State With Brainwave Entrainment Relaxation Music
3. Awake sedation for brain surgery may shorten hospital stay
4. Chopra Center Co-Founder and Mind-body Healing Pioneer David Simon, M.D. Diagnosed with Brain Tumor
5. Shared Opinions Light Up Brains Reward Center
6. Brain Circuitry May Develop Through Adulthood
7. UCLA scientists teach cultured brain cells to keep time
8. Brain Academy's Revolutionary New Approach to Tutoring and Test Prep Helps Students Find Academic Success
9. Harmless Brain Abnormalities in Kids Pose Disclosure Dilemmas
10. Brain MRI in children: Incidental findings yield disclosure dilemmas for doctors, patients
11. NYUs Movshon receives Champalimaud Vision Award for work on how brain reconstructs images
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Brain signs of schizophrenia found in babies
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... EBSCO ... the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) framework. The ... National Health Service (NHS) to search, order and purchase medical and healthcare-related content ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... ... Dr. David Mahon leads Siena Dental, a comprehensive dental practice located at ... Top Patient Rated Henderson Dentist by Find Local Doctors earlier this year. ... dentists who have earned high ratings and superior patient reviews from multiple credible sources. ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... ERT, ... trials, today announced that Premier Research, a leading clinical development service provider, has ... are becoming increasingly complex, due in part to an array of circumstances including ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... , ... February 23, 2017 , ... ... publication and community for those in the fight against cancer, has produced a ... their success. HRA will release top-line findings in a webinar, Defining Compassionate ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... (PRWEB) ... opportunity for the nation to come together to combine its ... – with its favorite fruit – apples! To celebrate National ... to join the “Apple Madness” bracket tournament – a five-week, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... Feb 24, 2017 Research and Markets has announced ... - 2016" report to their offering. ... The latest research Dry eye Drugs Price Analysis and ... Dry eye market. The research answers the following questions: ... and their clinical attributes? How are they positioned in the Global Dry ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... 23, 2017 The U.S. Food and ... BC Kit, performed on the Pheno System. This ... cause bloodstream infections and provide information about which ... (antibiotic sensitivity). The test also reduces the amount ... information, which can guide antibiotic treatment recommendations more ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... 23, 2017  This report analyzes the worldwide markets ... Products: Intermediates, Analytical, and Others. The ... Pharmaceuticals, and Agrochemicals. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics ... Europe , and Rest of World. Annual ... through 2022. Also, a six-year historic analysis is provided ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: