Navigation Links
Brain detects happiness more quickly than sadness
Date:6/17/2009

People make value judgements about others based on their facial expressions. A new study, carried out be Spanish and Brazilian researchers, shows that after looking at a face for only 100 milliseconds we can detect expressions of happiness and surprise faster than those of sadness or fear.

Our brains get a first impression of people's overriding social signals after seeing their faces for only 100 milliseconds (0.1 seconds). Whether this impression is correct, however, is another question. Now an international group of experts has carried out an in-depth study into how we process emotional expressions, looking at the pattern of cerebral asymmetry in the perception of positive and negative facial signals.

The researchers worked with 80 psychology students (65 women and 15 men) to analyze the differences between their cerebral hemispheres using the "divided visual field" technique, which is based on the anatomical properties of the visual system.

"What is new about this study is that working in this way ensures that the information is focused on one cerebral hemisphere or the other", J. Antonio Aznar-Casanova, one of the authors of the study and a researcher at the University of Barcelona (UB), tells SINC.

The results, published in the latest issue of the journal Laterality, show that the right hemisphere performs better in processing emotions. "However, this advantage appears to be more evident when it comes to processing happy and surprised faces than sad or frightened ones", the researcher points out.

"Positive expressions, or expressions of approach, are perceived more quickly and more precisely than negative, or withdrawal, ones. So happiness and surprise are processed faster than sadness and fear", explains Aznar-Casanova.

The two faces of the brain

This research study adds to previous ones, which had revealed asymmetries in the way the brain processes emotions, and enriches the international debate in cognitive-emotional neuroscience in terms of how to define the exact way in which human beings process these facial expressions.

People make deductions from the expressions on people's faces. "These inferences can strongly influence election results or the sentences given in trials, and have been studied before in fields such as criminology and the pseudoscience of physiognomy", the neuroscientist tells SINC.

Two theories are currently "competing" to explain the pattern of cerebral asymmetry in processing emotions. The older one postulates the dominance of the right hemisphere in the processing of emotions, while the second is based on the approach-withdrawal hypothesis, which holds that the pattern of cerebral asymmetry depends upon the emotion in question, in other words that each hemisphere is better at processing particular emotions (the right, withdrawal, and the left, approach).

"Today there is scientific evidence in favour of both these theories, but there is a certain consensus in favour of the lateralisation of emotional processing predicted by the approach-withdrawal hypothesis", concludes Aznar-Casanova.


'/>"/>

Contact: SINC
info@plataformasinc.es
34-91-425-1820
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Draining away brains toxic protein to stop Alzheimers
2. Vision restoration therapy shown to improve brain activity in brain injured patients
3. Clinical depression linked to abnormal emotional brain circuits
4. Brain imaging reveals breakdown of normal emotional processing
5. Brain cells work differently than previously thought
6. Vaccine Stops Alzheimers Brain Tangles
7. Research may unlock mystery of autisms origin in the brain
8. Scientists Spot Brains Free Will Center
9. Free will takes flight: how our brains respond to an approaching menace
10. Alcoholics With Cirrhosis Have More Brain Damage
11. Brain Lesions Predict MS Progression
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/4/2016)... ... May 04, 2016 , ... DESCO ... acquired Pocono Sterilizer, an equipment sterilization service and sales company located in Pennsylvania. ... medical and research-related equipment and asset management services to the medical and academic ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... Santa Clara, California (PRWEB) , ... May 04, ... ... (ICOCD-2016) organized by United Scientific Group is scheduled on July 25-27, 2016 at ... students and other health care professionals from educational institutes and research organizations across ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... Minnesota (PRWEB) , ... May 04, 2016 , ... ... more than 40 national and global construction firms representing the Construction Industry Safety ... have joined forces with one purpose: to inspire everyone in the industry to ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... ... ProIntro Glitch is a set of 30 self-animating glitch-themed intros created exclusively ... add a terrifying opener to any video or media. Choose from unique styles with ... contrast, all the user has to do is increase the turn on background animations, ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... ... its 2016 Champion Award to Charles D. Pulido, R.Ph., Co-Founder of NCPDP and ... M.S., Ph.D., Pharmacy Advisor and Health IT Specialist, Office of the National Coordinator ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/3/2016)... -- Intec Pharma Ltd. (NASDAQ: ... announced the appointment of Pnina Strauss-Levy as ... Strauss-Levy has 15 years of experience in clinical research ... record, having supported the advancement of several products through ... the United States and ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... 3, 2016 Norgine ... sie einen entscheidenden Meilenstein durch diese Veröffentlichung ... zum Handeln, um Patientenresultate  bei Verdauungs- und ... Fortschritten im Verständnis der Hepatischen Enzephalopathie bei ... für Hepatische Enzephalopathie in der Öffentlichkeit zu ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... 2, 2016  Deerfield announced today it led ... Vision, Inc. Graybug Vision is an early stage ... transform care for ocular diseases including wet age-related ... was first developed at Johns Hopkins University and ... Graybug Vision is developing ophthalmology ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: