Navigation Links
Brain connectivity disrupted in patients with post-concussive syndrome
Date:7/25/2011

OAK BROOK, Ill. A new study has found that patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) exhibit abnormal functional connectivity in the thalamus, a centrally located relay station for transmitting information throughout the brain. The results of the study appear online in the journal Radiology.

"Using resting-state functional MRI, we found increased functional connectivity of thalamocortical networks in patients following MTBI, due to the subtle injury of the thalamus," said study co-author Yulin Ge, M.D., associate professor in the Department of Radiology at NYU Langone Medical Center. "These findings hold promise for better elucidating the underlying cause of a variety of post-traumatic symptoms that are difficult to spot and characterize using conventional imaging methods."

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, each year in the U.S. 1.5 million people sustain traumatic brain injuries, resulting from sudden trauma to the brain. MTBI, or concussion, accounts for at least 75 percent of all traumatic brain injuries. Following a concussion, some patients experience a brief loss of consciousness. Other symptoms include headache, dizziness, memory loss, attention deficit, depression and anxiety. Some of these conditions may persist for months or even years. Typically in patients with MTBI, there are no structural abnormalities visible on the brain, so researchers have begun using specialized imaging exams to detect abnormalities in how the brain functions.

Comparing levels of activity among different groups of brain cells helps identify which brain networks are communicating with one another. Some brain networks, known as resting state networks (RSNs) and baseline brain activities can be detected when the brain is at rest. These networks include the parts of the brain associated with working memory.

"The RSNs have great potential for studying thalamic dysfunction in several clinical disorders including traumatic brain injury," Dr. Ge said.

Resting-state functional MRI (RS-fMRI) has rapidly emerged as a novel informative tool for investigating brain connectivity between regions that are functionally linked. RS-fMRI provides insight into functional activity and communication between brain regions, which play key roles in cognitive performance.

"The disruption of such functional properties is better characterized by RS-fMRI than by conventional diagnostic tools," Dr. Ge said.

Dr. Ge and colleagues used RS-fMRI to study the brain activity of 24 patients with MTBI and 17 healthy control patients. A normal pattern of thalamic RSNs with relatively symmetric and restrictive connectivity was demonstrated in the healthy control group. In the patients with MTBI, this pattern was disrupted, with significantly increased thalamic RSNs and decreased symmetry. These findings correlated with clinical symptoms and diminished neurocognitive functions in the patients with MTBI.

"The thalamic functional networks have multiple functions, including sensory information process and relay, consciousness, cognition, and sleep and wakefulness regulation," Dr. Ge said. "The disruption of thalamic RSNs may result in a burning or aching sensation, accompanied by mood swings and sleep disorders, and can contribute to certain psychotic, affective, obsessive-compulsive, anxiety and impulse control disorders. These symptoms are commonly seen in MTBI patients with post-concussive syndrome."

Because the causes of post-concussive syndrome are poorly understood, there is currently no treatment. But, according to Dr. Ge, the results of this study have implications for a new therapeutic strategy, based on sound understanding of the underlying mechanisms of thalamocortical disruption and post-concussive syndrome.


'/>"/>

Contact: Linda Brooks
lbrooks@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Gadgets not related to teenagers brain pain
2. Dementia Rates Escalate as Brain Capacity Diminishes with Age
3. Researchers discover new way to kill pediatric brain tumors
4. Scientists Pinpoint Area of Brain That Fears Losing Money
5. Physical Changes in Brain Linked to Altered Spirituality
6. Pro Athletes Brains React at Olympic Speed
7. Neuroscientists reveal new links that regulate brain electrical activity
8. Brain Scan Shows What Beauty is Worth
9. Study supports alternative anti-seizure medication following acute brain injury
10. Exercise helps protect brain of multiple sclerosis patients
11. Pittsburgh Neurosurgeons Explore Use of Drug that Illuminates Brain Tumor Cells To Guide Surgery
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/20/2017)... , ... February 20, 2017 , ... ... welcomes you to stop by for a visit this week at HIMSS 2017 ... and executives from around the globe. Sensogram will be featured in the conference’s ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... ... February 20, 2017 , ... Chuck E. Cheese’s® and Center for Autism ... event at Chuck E. Cheese’s locations throughout New England, New York and New Jersey ... to experience the fun of visiting Chuck E. Cheese’s in a sensory-friendly environment. ...
(Date:2/19/2017)... ... ... a set of 30 glitch distortion logo reveals made exclusively for Final Cut Pro ... reveal in just a few clicks of a mouse. Customizable glitch style effects give Final ... presets to add a uniquely animated logo to any photos or videos. Its never been ...
(Date:2/18/2017)... ... 17, 2017 , ... Butler Mobility invited Ken Matthews to visit its manufacturing ... Ken was impressed with the safety and reliability of the Stannah Stairlift as ... show. This endorsement by Ken Matthews can be heard on News Radio WHP ...
(Date:2/17/2017)... ... February 17, 2017 , ... Smiles by Seese is a comprehensive ... Dr. Brian Seese leads the practice as a skilled and highly credentialed dentist who ... by Seese serves patients of all ages with excellence in general, restorative, and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/20/2017)... 2017  Henry Schein, Inc. (Nasdaq: HSIC), the ... and services to office-based dental, animal health, ... has entered into an agreement to acquire ... U.S. distributor of anesthesia and surgical supplies ... SAS offers controlled and non-controlled pharmaceuticals, as ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... NEW YORK , Feb. 20, 2017  This report analyzes ... US$ Million. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the ... , Europe , Asia-Pacific ... World. Read the full report: http://www.reportlinker.com/p04707127-summary/view-report.html ... the period 2015 through 2022. Also, a six-year historic analysis ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... , Feb. 20, 2017 Research and ... Tourism Market: Insights, Opportunity, Analysis, Market Shares & Forecast 2017 - ... ... to reach nearly USD 2 Billion by the year end of ... 2022. Market growth can be attributed to factors ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: