Navigation Links
Boston University researcher awarded 2 NIH grants

(Boston) - Patricia F. Coogan, ScD, an associate professor of epidemiology at Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center (SEC), recently was awarded funding for two grants from the National Institutes of Health. The first is a five-year grant from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences that will study air pollution and risk of incident hypertension and diabetes in African American women. The second award is for a three-year study on the psychosocial factors and the risk of incident asthma in African American women, funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.

Using data from the SEC's Black Women's Health Study (BWHS), Coogan and her colleagues will estimate long-term participant exposure to traffic-related pollutions as indicated by PM2.5 and the nitrogen oxides (markers of traffic-related pollution). The study will be the first investigation of the effect of air pollution on incidence of hypertension, the first large-scale investigation of its effect on diabetes incidence, and the first study of air pollution effects specifically in African American women.

According to Coogan the hypotheses are of critical public health importance given the high and growing prevalence of hypertension and diabetes in the U.S., the disparity between incidence rates among African American and white women, and the ubiquity of exposure to air pollution. "Positive findings will inform public policy on air quality regulation, provide insight into a novel pathway whereby air pollution causes cardiovascular events, and illuminate causes of racial disparities in hypertension and diabetes incidence," said Coogan.

In the second study, Coogan again will use data from the BWHS to prospectively estimate the influence of experiences of racism, violence during childhood and adolescence, depressive symptoms and neighborhood characteristics including socioeconomic status and racial segregation, on asthma incidence. This is the first prospective study to consider the effects of these psychosocial exposures on the incidence of adult asthma in African American women.

"Psychosocial factors may be of particular importance in asthma incidence in black women because the prevalence of experiences of violence, racism, depression, and living in disadvantaged neighborhoods are higher than in white women. If such experiences increase the risk of adult onset asthma, they may contribute to the racial disparity in asthma morbidity," explained Coogan. She believes positive results may direct intervention efforts to address stressors and may motivate further mechanistic studies of how chronic stress leads to asthma.

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Related medicine news :

1. Dana-Farber/Childrens Hospital Boston study identifies possible therapy for radiation sickness
2. Researchers from Boston University receive grant to develop improved virus detection system
3. Boston researchers share in $10 million grant to study HIV and alcohol
4. Institute for Aging Research study finds Bostons elderly homeless sicker than others
5. Boston Medical Center awarded $1M to expand HIV/AIDS patient care services
6. Boston University School of Medicine professor honored by the Endocrine Society
7. Boston Medical Center chief honored by AUA
8. Boston University researchers validate important roles of iPSCs in regenerative medicine
9. Boston University researchers find most substance-dependent individuals report poor oral health
10. Boston University School of Medicine professor receives award for quality of care research
11. Boston researchers create SMArt platform architecture, launch $5,000 health app competition
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/13/2017)... OBISPO, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... or dementia. However, many long-term care insurance companies have a waiver for care if ... the 90-day elimination period, when the family pays for care, is often waived, so ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Talented host, actor Rob ... sciatica in a new episode of "Success Files," which is an award-winning educational ... and investigates each subject in-depth with passion and integrity. , Sciatica occurs when ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... CitiDent and ... apnea using cutting-edge Oventus O2Vent technology. As many as 18 million Americans ... frequent cessation in breathing. Oral appliances can offer significant relief to about 75 ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... leader in post-acute health care, have expanded their existing home health joint venture ... , AccentCare has been operating a joint venture home health company with Asante, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... ... On Saturday, October 21, the Health & Wellness Center at Florida Hospital ... for the American Heart Association Heart Walk. Teams of up to 10 people can ... their treadmills moving for 5 hours. Treadmills will start at 7:00 p.m. on Saturday, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... Mich. , Oct. 2, 2017 Diplomat ... 8th Day Software and Consulting, LLC , and ... 8th Day Software, based in Tennessee ... LLC. 8th Day expands EnvoyHealth,s service offerings for health ... development. "In an ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... -- The Rebound mobile app is poised to become a ... of prescription drug addiction. The app empowers users to develop ... down their dosage in a safe, controlled manner while maximizing ... first 100,000 people to sign up will enjoy 3 months ... ...
(Date:9/27/2017)... NEW YORK , Sept. 27, 2017  DarioHealth Corp. ... big data solutions, today announced that its MyDario product is expected to ... TV listings for when The Dr. Oz Show airs in your area: ... The nine-time Emmy award-winning, ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: