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Blood deficiencies are strong predictors of poor outcome
Date:6/19/2010

Rome, Italy, Saturday 19 June 2010: For healthcare professionals diagnosing primary Sjgren's Syndrome (pSS, an autoimmune disorder in which immune cells attack and destroy moisture-producing glands), the incidence of blood based deficiencies is the strongest predictor of a poor outcome in patients according to the results of a study presented today at EULAR 2010, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism in Rome, Italy. The study also showed that liver and lung involvement and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) development were also related to an increased mortality in pSS patients.

Results of a Spanish study have shown that patients who present with concurrent anemia (a reduced number of red blood cells), lymphocytopenia (a reduced number of white blood cells), or hypocomplementemia (where components of blood are lacking or reduced) were the most likely to develop poor outcomes, such as lymphoma. The existence of pulmonary (lung fibrosis, brochiectasis) and hepatic (biliary cirrhosis, autoimmune hepatitis) involvement were also shown to be independent risk factors related to mortality.

"Whilst pSS is often characterised by changes in exocrine function, the results of our study have determined the profile of some of the non-exocrine signs of the disease, including the pulmonary, haematological and hepatic manifestations," said Professor Roser Solans-Laqu, Internal Medicine, Vall D'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain. "We hope that the results of our study will enable a better understanding of the factors that impact prognosis with the aim of monitoring for and managing these appropriately in the future."

Two hundred and forty-four patients (females n=235 males n=9) with pSS (primary SS occurs as a disorder on its own, with no known association with another connective tissue disease or rheumatic condition) registered at the Vall D'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona were included in this single centre study. Mean age was
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Contact: Rory Berrie
eularpressoffice@uk.cohnwolfe.com
44-790-151-3297
European League Against Rheumatism
Source:Eurekalert

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