Navigation Links
Blacks Less Likely to Get Help on Scene After Cardiac Arrest: Study
Date:5/11/2012

FRIDAY, May 11 (HealthDay News) -- Black Americans who suffer cardiac arrest in public places are less likely than whites to receive CPR and treatment with automated external defibrillators, a new study has found.

Cardiac arrest occurs when an abnormal heart rhythm causes the heart to stop beating. CPR and automated external defibrillators (AEDs) -- devices that use electrical shocks to restore the heart to a normal rhythm -- can help a cardiac arrest victim survive until emergency medical crews arrive on the scene.

The study also found that black cardiac arrest patients' hearts were much less likely to have been restarted by the time they arrived at a hospital, which is an important indicator for whether cardiac arrest patients ultimately survive, said the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine researchers.

The researchers analyzed nearly 5,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest cases that occurred in Philadelphia over four years, and found that 27 percent of black patients and 34 percent of white patients received an on-scene shock from an AED used by a bystander or medical first-responder. CPR was performed by bystanders on 5.6 percent of black patients and 7.5 percent of white patients.

The researchers also found that black patients were less likely than white patients to have regained their heartbeat before they arrived at a hospital (14.7 percent vs. 17.1 percent, respectively), and that black patients were less likely to have received important pre-hospital care measures that are a proven part of the cardiac arrest "chain of survival."

"Cardiac arrest is a time-sensitive illness that requires immediate action to keep blood flowing to the brain -- every minute without CPR and the application of shocks from an automated external defibrillator robs patients of a chance to fully recover," senior author Dr. Roger Band, assistant professor of emergency medicine, said in a university news release.

"Our findings show troubling racial disparities in the use of these lifesaving measures, and they point to the need to do more to ensure that every patient has the best chance of surviving," he added.

In another study using the same data source, Band and his colleagues found that people who suffered cardiac arrest at night were less likely to have regained their heartbeat by the time they arrived at a hospital than those who suffered cardiac arrest during the day -- 14.1 percent vs. 16.5 percent.

People who suffered cardiac arrest between 8 p.m. and 8 a.m. also were much less likely to receive bystander CPR and took longer to be transported to a hospital than those who had cardiac arrest during the day.

That cardiac arrests at night are more likely to occur in the home rather than in public places may partly explain these differences, Band said.

The studies -- to be presented Friday at the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine annual meeting in Chicago -- highlight the need to increase public awareness of the importance of CPR and AED use, Band said.

"It is imperative for the public to know that these two interventions have the greatest impact on survival, and they can be performed by anyone. If CPR and AEDs were employed for every cardiac arrest, hundreds of thousands of lives would be saved annually in the United States alone," he said. "Our studies reiterate the fact that use of these basic lifesaving tools is far too low across all patient populations, and even small increases in their use would translate into very significant increases in survival."

More information

The American Heart Association has more about cardiac arrest.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, news release, May 11, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Blacks and Hispanics at higher risk for precancerous colorectal polyps
2. Hispanic lung cancer patients tend to live longer than blacks and whites
3. High Blood Pressure May Be Especially Lethal for Blacks
4. National Screening Urged to Detect Eye Disease in Blacks
5. Life Expectancy for U.S. Blacks Shorter Than That of Whites
6. Life Expectancy for U.S. Blacks Is Shorter Than for Whites
7. Young Blacks Less Likely to Seek Mental Health Care: Study
8. U.S. Blacks More Likely to Die of Colon Cancer Than Whites: Study
9. More Blacks Die in Hospital After Diverticulitis Surgery
10. Could Discrimination Help Trigger Illness in Blacks?
11. Blacks Fare Worse Than Whites After Colon Cancer Surgery
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Blacks Less Likely to Get Help on Scene After Cardiac Arrest: Study
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... Healthcare Associates of McKinney announced today that ... at 8080 State Highway 121, Suite 210, McKinney, Texas 75070. It is in ... , As the practice has grown, the need for more space has been paramount. ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... ... The International Association of Eating Disorders Professionals (iaedp) announces the 2017 top ... mannequin art competition. Selected from 15 submissions from around the nation, the top five ... annual iaedp Symposium, March 22 – 26 in Las Vegas. , This year, the ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... MI (PRWEB) , ... February 24, 2017 , ... ... in Charlevoix, once again hosted their Military Wedding Giveaway, with the winning ... hosted by Castle Farms with services generously donated from local vendors: A Matter ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Rare Disease Report®, which ... participating in Rare Disease Day events, hosted by the Rare Disease Legislative Advocates ... a website, weekly e-newsletter and quarterly publication, will be conducting interviews with patients ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... EBSCO Information Services (EBSCO) ... for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) framework. The agreement allows purchasers from ... to search, order and purchase medical and healthcare-related content through GOBI ®, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... Calif. , Feb. 24, 2017  In conjunction ... quarter 2016 financial results press release, you are invited ... broadcast live over the internet on Tuesday, March 14, ... Time). A live audio webcast of the ... www.durect.com and clicking "Investor Relations."  If you ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... SILVER SPRING, Md. , Feb. 23, 2017 ... today allowed marketing of the PhenoTest BC Kit, ... first test to identify organisms that cause bloodstream ... organism is likely to respond to (antibiotic sensitivity). ... it takes to provide this important information, which ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Australie, le 24 février 2017 ITL Limited, ( ... diversifiée innovante, est ravie d,annoncer les excellents résultats semestriels ... période précédente correspondante. Une présentation complète « Résultats et mise ... consultée ici . Faits marquants ... 2,12 millions $ (Déc. 2015 : 1,04 million $ ; en hausse de 104 %) ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: