Navigation Links
Black male incarceration can compromise research studies
Date:5/6/2014

Federal restrictions on including prisoners in medical research have negatively impacted research involving black men, who are disproportionately imprisoned, according to a study by Yale School of Medicine researchers. Because individuals who are already in ongoing studies must be dropped if they are incarcerated, this compromises the ability of researchers to examine racial disparities in health outcomes studies.

Published in the May issue of the journal Health Affairs, the study found that during the past three decades, high rates of incarceration of black men may have accounted for up to 65% of the loss of follow-up among this group. Conditions such as cardiovascular disease and sickle cell disease are more common among black men than in white men, and have complex factors that influence illness and death. This makes it important for analysts to have access to a large number of cases so that they can draw statistically significant conclusions, say the researchers.

"A black man who begins a research study is less likely to follow up because he is statistically more likely to be jailed or imprisoned during the study than his white counterpart," said the study's first author Emily Wang, M.D., assistant professor at Yale School of Medicine. The impact of incarceration on health outcome studies was far less among white men, white women, and black women.

Government regulations bar study subjects from participating once they are incarcerated, unless the study investigators apply for special permission through their institutional review board (IRB). If studies do not specify otherwise, community-recruited participants who enroll in studies cannot be followed while they are incarcerated. In certain jurisdictions, they cannot be followed after their release.

Wang and her co-authors examined the protocols of a group of studies funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. They looked for studies that had received IRB protocols to follow prisoners, and also looked at how much loss to follow-up there was. They found that none of the studies received IRB approval for prisoner follow up; so the team then estimated how many individuals may have been incarcerated during the time period based on national imprisonment rates.

"We are missing opportunities to study the outcomes of research on this population so treatments can be tailored," Wang added. "It is important that research subjects who are incarcerated be allowed to continue participating in observational research that poses minimal risk to the participants."

Under current circumstances, Wang said the results of longitudinal studies may fail to accurately represent the experience of black populations and may bias estimates of racial disparities by either excluding people in jail or prison or discontinuing longitudinal follow-up at the time of incarceration.


'/>"/>

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. High Blood Pressure May Be Especially Lethal for Blacks
2. Hispanic lung cancer patients tend to live longer than blacks and whites
3. Health Care Disparities Might Affect Black Kids Cancer Survival
4. Study says screening accounts for much of black/white disparity in colorectal cancer
5. Blacks and Hispanics at higher risk for precancerous colorectal polyps
6. Blacks Less Likely to Get Help on Scene After Cardiac Arrest: Study
7. Eye Changes May Predict Heart Disease in Blacks With Diabetes
8. Quality of care, other issues may cause worse results in black prostate cancer surgery patients
9. Blacks, Hispanics Have Higher Colon Polyp Risk Than Previously Thought
10. Exercise Controls Weight in White Girls Better Than in Black Girls: Study
11. 9 in 10 Blacks With High Blood Pressure Have Early Heart Disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Black male incarceration can compromise research studies
(Date:12/9/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 09, 2016 , ... The ... Drug Dependence, Inc. (NCADD) is recommending the film Whispering Spirits and ... the District of Columbia as an education tool in the war against teen drug ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Mediaplanet today announces distribution of the latest edition of “Transplants,” ... up as an organ donor for the 123,000 people in the United States who ... save up to 8 saves through organ donation and enhance many others through tissue ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... ... ... "I had a terrible time trying to get my grandson to use ... nebulizer had a more child-friendly design, then children would be more likely to look ... to avoid the need to deliver medication via a nebulizer mask. The design will ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Tampa, FL (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 ... ... been awarded accreditation with distinction by the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS), ... patients with advanced care and patient safety. Only a few hospitals and facilities ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... pleased to announce that “Natural Language Processing–Enabled and Conventional Data Capture Methods for ... JMIR Medical Informatics . , Results of the comparative usability study demonstrate ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/9/2016)... 2016  Nevro Corp. (NYSE: NVRO ), ... evidence-based solutions for the treatment of chronic pain, today ... has filed a lawsuit for patent infringement.  The lawsuit, ... District of Delaware , alleges that ... to stimulation leads, batteries, and telemetry units. ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... -- MSD, a nationally recognized supplier of technology enabled ... health care facilities, announced today that it has completed ... a privately held national distributor of medical supplies and ... segments. We would like to welcome First Choice to ... will deliver significant and immediate value to MSD,s customers ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... -- External Defibrillators, Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators, ... Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Defibrillators (CRT-D), Manual External Defibrillators, ... The global defibrillators market is expected ... 2016-2020 and CAGR of 5.1% from 2020-2026. The ... of 5.2% from 2016 to 2026. The market ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: