Navigation Links
Black and Hispanic Infants Much More Likely to Have HIV

Preventive efforts needed to reduce transmission from mother to child, experts say

THURSDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of HIV infection in infants are significantly higher among blacks and Hispanics than whites, and preventive measures are needed to reduce the disparity, a new government report says.

Although the number of HIV-infected infants has declined overall, among black babies, the rate of perinatal HIV infection -- meaning transmission at the time of birth -- is 23 times higher than for whites, and among Hispanics, the rate is four times higher, according to findings published in the Feb. 5 issue of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The average rate of perinatal infection in the United States is 2.7 per 100,000 live births, the report indicates. For blacks, the rate is 12.3 per 100,000; for Hispanics, 2.0 per 100,000; and for whites, 0.5 per 100,000.

Overall, while black and Hispanic children under age 1 account for only 37 percent of the population, they represent 85 percent of all perinatal HIV diagnoses, the authors noted.

The researchers, who analyzed data from 34 states from 2004 to 2007, noted that transmission from an HIV-infected mother to her child can be significantly reduced through preventive measures.

And they noted some good news: The annual rate of perinatal HIV diagnosis dropped between 2004 and 2007, dipping from 14.8 to 10.2 per 100,000 among blacks and from 2.9 to 1.7 per 100,000 in Hispanics.

But further reductions are necessary and achievable, the authors said, pointing to a transmission goal of less than 1 percent for infants born to HIV-infected women and fewer than one transmission per 100,000 live births.

Primary HIV prevention in women is key, the authors noted, and efforts should be specifically directed towards black and Hispanic women. All HIV-positive women who are pregnant should have access to quality health care and take advantage of preventive measures, including early treatment with antiretroviral medications, the report stated.

For the best outcomes, the authors recommend the following:

  • HIV infection should be diagnosed before or early in pregnancy
  • All moms-to-be should receive prenatal care
  • HIV-positive women should follow an antiretroviral medication regimen throughout pregnancy
  • A cesarean delivery should be scheduled at 38 weeks' gestation if the virus has not been suppressed
  • Antiretroviral medication should be taken during labor and delivery
  • Newborns exposed to HIV should receive antiretroviral medication within the first hours after birth and for the first six weeks of life.

Overall, "the total number of annual perinatal HIV infections in the United States has decreased approximately 90 percent since 1991," the CDC authors wrote in their report.

More information

The Nemours Foundation has more about HIV and AIDS.

-- HealthDay staff

SOURCE: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, news release, Feb. 4, 2010

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. MedAptus Selects Perst Database for Mobile Healthcare App on BlackBerry Smartphones
2. Black History Made as 40 Artists Paint Murals and Give Back
3. Driving Danger -- Black Ice Poses Menace on Frigid NY Roadways, New York Attorney Steven J. Schwartzapfel Says
4. Black Liver Cancer Patients Face Worst Odds
5. Black Journalists Group to Hold Conference on African-American Health and Health Care Disparities
6. Blacks Often Misdiagnosed With Schizophrenia, Author Says
7. Blacks With Diabetes Urged to Cut Calories, Salt
8. AIDS Campaign Targets Neglected Segment of Black America
9. Excess protein in urine is indicator of heart disease risk in whites, but not blacks
10. Dan Rather Reports Investigates Black Market Organ Trafficking
11. The Black AIDS Institute Kicks Off Its National Platform to Build Black AIDS Awareness
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... 01, 2015 , ... TCS Healthcare Technologies (TCS), a leading ... arenas, is pleased to announce that VIP Care Services, a Caprock Health Group ... ACUITY Complete Care™ Management to back their collaborative catastrophic case management initiatives. ACUITY ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... PartnerTech ... through membership and leadership since 2008. Gary Bruce, President of PartnerTech North America, ... has spent a significant amount of time in Sweden since joining PartnerTech based ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Dr. Arash ... Modern Man for 2015. , Angeleno Magazine is a division of Modern ... in 1994, Modern Luxury includes more than 50 magazine titles across 15 major ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Third Molar SEO ... it has officially launched a sleek, mobile-ready and user-centric redesigned website. , Vivek ... website clearly outlines the benefits that its SEO services provide to dentists and ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... December 01, 2015 , ... The Turks & ... one of the leading digital news sites highlighting Caribbean destinations, has published five reasons ... While much of North America shivers under chilly grey skies or worse, it's typically ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... Calif. , Dec. 1, 2015 ... products and services, announced today that it has been ... services organization. Members served by Novation will have access ... devices, sports bracing products and soft goods dedicated to ... --> The aging U.S. population, rising prevalence ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 2015 Russia has always been ... of new drugs registered in Europe in 2015 ... --> Russia has always been a country of ... registered in Europe in 2015 were tested in ... Russia has always been a country of choice for ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... CytRx Corporation (NASDAQ: CYTR ), a ... announced that it has reached its enrollment target of ... clinical trial of aldoxorubicin in patients with previously treated ... completed in Q1 2016. The Phase 3 trial is a ... Assessment from the FDA at 79 sites in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: